St. Thomas, Ontario

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St. Thomas
Single-tier municipality (city)
City of St. Thomas
St. Thomas City Hall; A designated National Historic Site of Canada.
St. Thomas City Hall; A designated National Historic Site of Canada.
Motto: There's 25% more life in St Thomas!
St Thomas, Ontario Location.png
Coordinates: 42°46.5′N 81°11′W / 42.7750°N 81.183°W / 42.7750; -81.183Coordinates: 42°46.5′N 81°11′W / 42.7750°N 81.183°W / 42.7750; -81.183
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Elgin
Settled 1810
Incorporated 1852 (Village)
  1861 (town)
1881 (city)
Government
 • Mayor Heather Jackson
 • Governing Body St. Thomas City Council
 • MPs Joe Preston (CPC)
 • MPPs Jeff Yurek (OPC)
Area[1]
 • Land 35.52 km2 (13.71 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 209.10 m (686.02 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 37,905
 • Density 1,067.3/km2 (2,764/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span N5P, N5R
Area code(s) 519 and 226
Website http://stthomas.ca/

St. Thomas (2011 population 37,905) is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It gained its city charter on March 4, 1881. The city is also the seat for Elgin County, although it is independent of the county. It is part of the London census metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The city, located at the intersection of two historical roads, was first settled in 1810. It was named the seat of the new Elgin County in 1844 and was incorporated as a village in 1852, as a town in 1861. In 1881 St. Thomas became a city. It was named after Thomas Talbot[3] who helped promote the development of this region during the early 19th century.

The founder of the settlement that became St. Thomas was Capt. Daniel Rapelje, descendant of a Walloon family settled in New Amsterdam, now New York City, at its inception in the seventeenth century.[4] In 1820, Rapelje, the town's first settler, divided his land into town lots suitable for a village. Owner of the New England Mill, Rapelje subsequently donated two acres of land for the building of Old St. Thomas Church.[5]

In 1871, the developing village of Millersburg, which included these lands east of the London and Port Stanley Railway, amalgamated with St. Thomas.[6]

In the late 19th century and early 20th century several railways were constructed through the city, and St. Thomas became an important railway junction. A total of 26 railways have passed through the city since the first railway was completed in 1856. In the 1950s and 1960s, with the decline of the railway as a mode of transportation, other industry began to locate in the city, principally primary and secondary automotive manufacturing.

Life-sized Jumbo statue

Jumbo the elephant died here on September 15, 1885, when a locomotive crashed into him. There is a life-sized commemorative statue that was erected in 1985.

In 1824, Charles Duncombe and John Rolph established the first medical school in Upper Canada, in St. Thomas, under the patronage of Colonel Thomas Talbot.[7] Duncombe's house now forms part of The Elgin Military Museum complex. Between 1881 and 1988 the city had a private woman's school operating called Alma College which was destroyed by fire in 2008.

St. Thomas' late 19th- early 20th century architecture includes the Elgin County Court House, Wellington Street public school, Myrtle St. School, Balaclava St. School, Elmdale Schol and its city hall, most designated heritage properties and all designed by former resident Neil R. Darrach.

Government[edit]

Heather Jackson is the current mayor of St. Thomas. The City Council consists of the mayor and seven aldermen, all elected at large, meaning that there are no wards and councillors are elected on a citywide basis.

Military[edit]

31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins) was created in 1997 when the former Elgin Regiment (RCAC) was re-roled from an armour tasking. The regiment had been associated with St. Thomas since its creation; St. Thomas is currently home to one of its two component field squadrons.[8] St. Thomas Armoury is a recognized Federal Heritage building 1992 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings.[9]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, St. Thomas had a population of 37,905 people in 2011, which was an increase of 5.6% from the 2006 census count. The median household income in 2006 for St. Thomas was $54,876, which is below the Ontario provincial average of $60,455.[10]

95.5% of the population is Caucasian, 1.2% Aboriginal, and 3.3% Visible minorities.

Religious affiliation is 52.1% Protestant, 21% Catholic, 22.1% No affiliation, and 4.8% Other.

Population trend:[11]

  • Population in 2011: 37,905
  • Population in 2006: 36,110
  • Population in 2001: 33,236 (or 33,303 when adjusted to 2006 boundaries)
  • Population in 1996: 32,275 (or 31,407 when adjusted to 2001 boundaries)
  • Population in 1991: 30,332

Education[edit]

Fanshawe College has a satellite campus in St. Thomas. Catholic schools are controlled by the London District Catholic School Board and public schools are controlled by the Thames Valley District School Board. There are two independent Christian elementary schools, St. Thomas Community Christian School and Faith Christian Academy. Algoma University has a campus in St. Thomas that offers the first two years of selected Bachelor of Arts courses, after the two years students transfer to Algoma's main campus.

Economy[edit]

The local economy has been dominated by automotive manufacturing, with two plants operated by Magna International, the Ford St. Thomas Assembly in nearby Talbotville, and the Sterling Trucks plant. However, the recent global recession that impacted the auto sector ultimately trickled down to the city; the Sterling plant closed in March 2009, and the Ford plant closed in late 2011. This had a domino effect on the other part manufacturers in town, such as Lear Seating. One automotive materials supplier, A. Schulman, had previously closed its local manufacturing plant in 2008, one of the first actions of a new CEO installed in January.[12]

Masco Canada's consolidation of their Canadian operations into the former Sterling Truck assembly plant in 2010[13] and Toyota supplier Takumi Stamping Canada's expansion in the same year[14] brought over 500 jobs to St. Thomas.

Transportation[edit]

The Highway 4 / Talbot Street junction.

St. Thomas is accessible via The Kings Highway 3 and The Kings Highway 4, the later of which provides access to London, Highway 401 and Highway 402.

St. Thomas Transit, which includes both conventional bus service and paratransit, is owned by the city and staffed and operated by Voyageur Transportation.

The city is served by the St. Thomas Municipal Airport (YQS), just east in the Municipality of Central Elgin. There are no scheduled flights, the airport is used for general aviation only. A bi-annual large-scale air show takes place at the St. Thomas Municipal Airport.

Media[edit]

St. Thomas has several media outlets based in the city. The St. Thomas Times-Journal is the city's newspaper, owned by Sun Media (Quebecor). The St. Thomas - Elgin Weekly News is a weekly newspaper published in St. Thomas, that is distributed for free to all residents of St. Thomas and Elgin County. The Elgin County Market is a weekly publication that is also distributed for free to all residents of St. Thomas and Elgin County, it features various local business flyers and advertisements.

Rogers Cable operates a local community channel consisting mostly of local and dedicated volunteers. CFPL-DT, branded as CTV Two London, covers many news stories from St. Thomas.

St. Thomas's only local commercial radio station, CKZM-FM 94.1 FM was launched on May 20, 2011. Also a low-power FM radio station — VF8016, 90.1 MHz — broadcasts religious activities from Faith Baptist Church of St. Thomas. CFHK-FM, branded as 103.1 Fresh FM, is also licensed to St. Thomas, although its programming originates from, and largely targets the London market.

Sports[edit]

There is a dragway called St. Thomas Raceway Park. The dragway is located a reasonable distance away from the town and minutes east of the historical community of Sparta.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for St. Thomas, Ontario (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
18.5
(65.3)
24.5
(76.1)
29.5
(85.1)
32.5
(90.5)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
34.5
(94.1)
33.0
(91.4)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
18.5
(65.3)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
0.7
(33.3)
5.6
(42.1)
13.0
(55.4)
19.6
(67.3)
24.7
(76.5)
27.0
(80.6)
25.9
(78.6)
21.8
(71.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.3
(46.9)
2.0
(35.6)
13.6
(56.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.0
(33.8)
7.6
(45.7)
13.7
(56.7)
18.8
(65.8)
21.2
(70.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.4
(61.5)
10.1
(50.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.7
(47.7)
Average low °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.8
(18)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.1
(35.8)
7.7
(45.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.4
(59.7)
14.7
(58.5)
10.9
(51.6)
5.1
(41.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
3.7
(38.7)
Record low °C (°F) −31
(−24)
−30
(−22)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−16
(3)
−3
(27)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
0.0
(32)
−2
(28)
−7
(19)
−13.5
(7.7)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−31
(−24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 73.5
(2.894)
63.2
(2.488)
65.7
(2.587)
83.4
(3.283)
87.3
(3.437)
92.4
(3.638)
83.0
(3.268)
80.0
(3.15)
94.8
(3.732)
85.7
(3.374)
98.7
(3.886)
85.3
(3.358)
993.0
(39.094)
Rainfall mm (inches) 35.2
(1.386)
37.3
(1.469)
48.5
(1.909)
79.9
(3.146)
87.3
(3.437)
92.4
(3.638)
83.0
(3.268)
80.0
(3.15)
94.8
(3.732)
85.4
(3.362)
92.4
(3.638)
58.1
(2.287)
874.4
(34.425)
Snowfall cm (inches) 38.3
(15.08)
25.9
(10.2)
17.1
(6.73)
3.5
(1.38)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.12)
6.3
(2.48)
27.3
(10.75)
118.6
(46.69)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 14.7 11.4 12.1 15.2 14.1 11.1 12.4 11.1 13.2 13.9 15.3 14.5 159.0
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 6.0 5.7 9.1 14.3 14.1 11.1 12.4 11.1 13.2 13.9 13.5 8.5 132.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 9.6 7.0 4.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.15 2.3 7.3 31.8
Source: Environment Canada[2]

Parks[edit]

Satellite image of St. Thomas
St. Thomas railway station, built between 1871 and 1873. It is currently being restored.
Circus mural with Jumbo on the northwest corner of the Manitoba St. and Talbot St. intersection.

There are two major parks in the city: Pinafore Park in the south, beside Pinafore Lake; and Waterworks Park in the north, which is straddled by Kettle Creek and the Waterworks Reservoir nearby.

The Trans Canada Trail goes through St. Thomas, with a pavilion located in Jonas Street Park.

The Lions Club Dog Park is located at the far west end of main street, at 25 Talbot Road. The park is managed by the St. Thomas Dog Owners Association in partnership with the City of St. Thomas. The park is open from dawn to dusk, daily.

V.A. Barrie Park, located on Sunset Drive, and Waterworks Park include popular Disc Golf courses.

Cultural activities[edit]

The Elgin Military Museum is located in the west end of St. Thomas. While the museum recounts the stories of Elgin County residents from the War of 1812 to Afghanistan, it also includes two M113 Armoured Personnel Carriers and a collection of some 600 UN and NATO badges described by one appraiser as "the best collection I have seen outside of the UN in New York". In late 2009, The Elgin Military Museum began the process to acquire the Cold War Oberon Class Submarine HMCS Ojibwa, The submarine is planned to be stationed outside of St. Thomas in Port Burwell.[citation needed]

The Elgin County Railway Museum is located in central St. Thomas.

St. Thomas is also home to the North America Railway Hall of Fame, which is located in the CASO train station. The station was built in the 1870s and was a centre of travel between New York City and Chicago.[citation needed] It is located on Talbot Street downtown.

The Elgin Theatre Guild is located at 40 Princess Avenue, and is home to a thriving community theatre, as well as hosting small musical groups. The building is a former church, built in 1907 by architect Neil Darrach. In 2001, St. Thomas City Council designated 40 Princess Avenue as a building of historic and architectural value in the City of St. Thomas.[citation needed]

St. Thomas is home to the Railway City Brewing Company, one of 29 members of the Ontario Craft Brewers.

St. Thomas' sister city is Bowling Green, OH.[15]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "St. Thomas community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  2. ^ a b "St. Thomas WPCP". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ Rayburn, Alan (1997), Place Names of Ontario, University of Toronto Press, Pg. 304 ISBN 0-8020-7207-0
  4. ^ "Capt. Daniel Rapelje, 1774–1828". Ontarioplaques.com. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  5. ^ History of St. Thomas Church Begins with Rapelje[dead link]
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.heritagefdn.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_7016_1.html
  8. ^ "31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins)". Army.ca. 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  9. ^ Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings.
  10. ^ "St. Thomas community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-02-11. 
  11. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  12. ^ Steve Minter (17 March 2010). "On the Rise -- A. Schulman Inc.: Molding a Global Strategy". Industry Week (IW). Penton Media. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Masco Moves More Business to St. Thomas | St. Thomas EDC". St-thomas.org. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  14. ^ "Takumi Stamping Canada Inc. expands in St. Thomas | St. Thomas EDC". St-thomas.org. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  15. ^ http://www.bgsu.edu/downloads/cas/file38948.pdf

External links[edit]