St Albans Rural District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°45′07″N 0°20′10″W / 51.752°N 0.336°W / 51.752; -0.336

St Albans
Area
 - 1911 38,772 acres (156.90 km2)
 - 1931 37,070 acres (150.0 km2)
 - 1961 31,793 acres (128.66 km2)
Population
 - 1901 12,264
 - 1931 19,578
 - 1971 45,333
History
 - Origin sanitary district
 - Created 1894
 - Abolished 1974
 - Succeeded by Dacorum, St Albans
Status rural district
Government St Albans Rural District Council
 - HQ St Albans
 - Motto Exemplio sint virtutis
Subdivisions
 - Type civil parishes

St Albans was from 1894 to 1974 a rural district in the administrative county of Hertfordshire, England.

The district was formed by the Local Government Act 1894 from the area of the existing St Albans rural sanitary district. An elected rural district council replaced the rural sanitary authority which had consisted of the poor law guardians of the area. The rural district comprised an area surrounding the Borough of St Albans, but did not include the city, which was an independent municipal borough.

The district was abolished on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and its area distributed between the newly created non-metropolitan districts of Dacorum and St Albans.[1]

Parishes[edit]

The rural district initially consisted of seven civil parishes. Three parishes were formed in 1894 by the division of the parishes of St Michael, St Peter and Sandridge between the rural district and the city of St Albans.[2] In 1947 the number was increased to eight, with the division of the parish of St Peter Rural.

1894 parish[2] Notes[2] 1974 district[1]
Harpenden Part of parish constituted Harpenden Urban District in 1898, remainder became Harpenden Rural parish. St Albans
Redbourn Divided between Dacorum (the part within the designated area of Hemel Hempstead New Town) and St Albans (the remainder)
St Michael Rural Formed from the part of the parish of St Michael outside the City of St Albans Divided between Dacorum (the part within the designated area of Hemel Hempstead New Town) and St Albans (the remainder)
St Peter Rural Formed from the part of the parish of St Peter outside the City of St Albans Colney Heath formed 1947 St Albans
London Colney formed 1947 St Albans
St Stephen St Albans
Sandridge Rural Formed from the part of the parish of Sandridge outside the City of St Albans.
Renamed Sandridge 1957
St Albans
Wheathampstead St Albans

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-11-750847-0. 
  2. ^ a b c Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol:I Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 626–627. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.