St Andrew's Church, Bebington

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St Andrew's Church, Bebington
St Andrew's Church, Bebington, from the southeast
Coordinates: 53°20′53″N 3°00′12″W / 53.3480°N 3.0034°W / 53.3480; -3.0034
OS grid reference SJ 333 839
Location Bebington, Wirral, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Churchmanship Conservative evangelical
Website St Andrew, Bebington
History
Dedication Saint Andrew
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 27 December 1962
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic
Completed 1847
Specifications
Materials Sandstone
Administration
Parish Bebington
Deanery Wirral North
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Rector David Vestergaard (elect)
Minister(s) Rev Dominic Newstead
Laity
Reader(s) David Jack, Debbi Stott,
Ian Halliday, Helen Thomas
Churchwarden(s) Ann Renison, Stuart Waldron

St Andrew's Church, Bebington is in the town of Bebington, Wirral, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1] The architectural historian Raymond Richards considers it to be the finest old parish church in Wirral.[2] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Wirral North.[3]

History[edit]

A church built from local Storeton sandstone was present before the Norman Conquest. Some of the stones from this church are still present in the south wall of the present church. A priest in Bebington was recorded in the Domesday Book. The Saxon church was later replaced by a Norman church. Building of the tower started in 1300 and was completed around 50 years later.[4] The church was remodelled in the 14th century, the south aisle was widened and a three-bay chancel was built. In the 16th century rebuilding started at the east end in Perpendicular style. The chancel and chapels were built but the scheme was interrupted by the Reformation. In 1847 the church was reordered and the north arcade was built in Norman style.[2] More recently the church has been modernised by re-siting the rood screen, removing the choirstalls, installing a kitchen and toilets and creating a crèche and meeting room in the tower.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in sandstone. Its plan consists of a four bay nave which widens to the east, aisles to the north and south, a three bay chancel with north and south chapels, and a tower protruding from the southwest corner.[5] There is a contrast of styles between the chancel and the chapels, which are Perpendicular in style, and the nave, which is mainly Early Decorated.[4][6] Part of the south arcade survives from the Norman church and the north arcade is a copy of this.[7] The tower has deep buttresses, the western two of which are diagonal. On the northern side is a rectangular stair turret. On the west face is a window of two lights and at the second stage is a lancet window. The two-light bell openings are louvred. At the summit is a splay spire with lucarnes.[1] From masons' marks, the lower parts of the tower date from the very early 14th century while the "ringing loft" dates from the middle of that century. The door to the outside of the tower was blocked in the 18th century, when a new door was cut within the church, but was re-opened in 1847. The tower had been rebuilt in 1805 after being struck by lightning. The last work of any significance was carried out in 1905.[8]

Interior[edit]

The altar is prominent; it dates from 1911, was designed by C. E. Deacon, and was carved by Harry Hems. They also created the screens of 1898 and 1908. The reredos dates from 1951, and is by Bernard A. Miller. The stalls include three seats with misericords depicting a dolphin, a bearded face and a pelican. Four stalls end with poppy-heads. The font is circular and is of uncertain date. The stained glass in the east window was designed by T. F. Wilford in 1953. That in the north transept is signed by William Warrington and is dated 1859. On the south side of the church are two windows designed by Henry Holiday for Powell's, one of which is dated 1881 and the other 1886.[9] The parish chest dates from the early 16th century. The parish registers begin in 1558 and the churchwardens' accounts in 1774. There is a ring of eight bells, all of which were cast at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. Five bells dated 1845 were by Charles and George Mears and the other three, dated 1907, were by Mears and Stainbank.[10] The two-manual organ is by Henry Willis & Sons, which replaced an earlier organ of 1885 by E. Franklin Lloyd.[11]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a sandstone sundial dated possibly 1764. It consists of a chamfered shaft with octagonal cap, on top of which is a brass plate and gnomon. It is listed at Grade II.[12] The churchyard also contains the war graves of nineteen service personnel, four of World War I and fifteen of World War II.[13]

Present activities[edit]

The church holds traditional Anglican services on Sundays,[14] arranges various events during the week,[15] and supports a number of groups.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b English Heritage, "Church of St Andrew, Bebington (1075462)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 21 May 2012 
  2. ^ a b Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 47–50, OCLC 719918 
  3. ^ Bebington: St Andrew, Bebington, Church of England, retrieved 11 May 2011 
  4. ^ a b c Our History, Bebington Parish Church, retrieved 14 December 2007 
  5. ^ Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 23, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  6. ^ Morant, Roland W. (1989), Cheshire Churches, Birkenhead: Countyvise, pp. 107–110, ISBN 0-907768-18-0 
  7. ^ St Andrew, Bebington (Lower), Cheshire, Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture of Great Britain and Ireland, retrieved 13 June 2007 
  8. ^ Green, Richard Lancelyn (1993), St.Andrew's, Bebington : a history of St.Andrew's Parish Church, Birkenhead: Countyvise, ISBN 978-0-907768-58-6 
  9. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 124–126, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  10. ^ Bebington S Andrew, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 9 August 2008 
  11. ^ Cheshire, Bebington St Andrew, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 6 August 2008 
  12. ^ English Heritage, "Sundial approximately 13.5 metres to south of Church of St Andrew, Bebington (1075463)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 21 May 2012 
  13. ^ BEBINGTON (ST. ANDREW) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  14. ^ Sundays, Bebington Parish Church, retrieved 24 September 2013 
  15. ^ What's On, Bebington Parish Church, retrieved 24 September 2013 
  16. ^ Groups, Bebington Parish Church, retrieved 24 September 2013