St. Anne's Church, Kew
|St Anne's Church, Kew|
|The Parish Church of St Anne, Kew Green|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Dedication||12 May 1714|
|Parish||St Anne, Kew|
|Division||Richmond & Barnes Deanery|
St Anne's Church, Kew, is a parish church in Kew in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. The building, which dates from 1714, and is Grade II* listed, forms the central focus of Kew Green. The raised churchyard, which is on three sides of the church, has two Grade II* listed monuments – the tombs of the artists Johan Zoffany (died 1816) and Thomas Gainsborough (died 1788). The French Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (1830–1903), who stayed in 1892 at 10 Kew Green, portrayed St Anne's in his painting Church at Kew (1892).
On Sundays the church usually holds three morning services – a Said Eucharist in traditional language, Morning Prayer and a Sung Eucharist. An Evening Prayer is also held.
St Anne's Church produces a quarterly newsletter, Collect.
Originally built in 1714, on land given by Queen Anne as a church within the parish of Kingston, St. Anne's Church has been extended several times since, as the settlement of Kew grew with royal patronage. In 1770, King George III undertook to pay for the first extension, designed by Joshua Kirby who, four years later, was buried in the churchyard. The church became a parish church in its own right in 1788. In 1805, a new south aisle, designed by Robert Browne, was added, along with a gallery for the royal family's own use. Under King William IV it was further extended in 1837 by Jeffry Wyattville. A mausoleum designed by the architect Benjamin Ferrey was added in 1851 and an eastern extension in 1882. Further extensions occurred in 1902, 1979 and 1988. The interior of the roof was repainted in 2013. To mark the church's tercentenary in 2014, the baptismal font was replaced.
The present parish hall, which is at right-angles to the church and incorporates the previous choir vestry, was built in 1978. Its design echoes the materials and forms of the church building.
The deaths of royal and noble parishioners were marked in the church by hanging a hatchment bearing the coats of arms of the deceased person on a diagonal board. A hatchment commemorating George III's son, the King of Hanover, was hung in the church in 1821. It is now in the collection of the Museum of Richmond.
Just outside the church walls, on the south side, is the Kew war memorial, in the form of a large stone cross, commemorating the local people who fell in the First and Second World Wars. Their names are listed not on the memorial, but in the church.
- William Aiton, first keeper of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
- Franz Bauer, the Austrian microscopist and botanical artist, whose epitaph also pays tribute to his brother the botanical illustrator Ferdinand Bauer: "In the delineation of plants he [Franz] united the accuracy of a profound naturalist with the skill of the accomplished artist, to a degree which has been only equalled by his brother Ferdinand"
- John Patrick Micklethwait Brenan, British botanist
- George Engleheart, who studied with Sir Joshua Reynolds and made copies in miniature of Reynold's paintings. He was the Court miniaturist for King George III
- Thomas Gainsborough, English portrait and landscape painter
- Rev. Thomas Haverfield, chaplain to Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
- Sir William Hooker, director of the Royal Gardens at Kew, and his son, English botanist and explorer Sir Joseph Hooker
- John Joshua Kirby (1716–1774), landscape painter, engraver, and writer, whose main artistic focus was "linear perspective," based on the ideas of English mathematician Brook Taylor. He was the father of British author Sarah Kirby Trimmer
- Richard Levett, Lord Mayor of London and former owner of Kew Palace; and members of his family, including Lincoln's Inn barrister Levett Blackborne, who sold Kew Palace to the Royal family
- Jeremiah Meyer, English miniaturist
- Johann Zoffany, German neoclassical painter active in England
- Cummings, Rosie (August 2007). "St Anne's Church. Kew Green, Kew. London Borough of Richmond: an archaeological watching brief". Compass Archaeology.
- Fleming, Christine (8 December 2010). "£25k makeover of St Anne's Church, Kew, complete". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Parish Church of St Anne". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "The History of St. Anne's Church, Kew". St Anne's Church, Kew. 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Churchyard of Church of St Anne, to East of Church". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Churchyard of Church of St Anne, to South of Church". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Pissarro's home on Kew Green". London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "Services at St. Anne's church, Kew". Services. St. Anne's Church, Kew. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Parish magazine: Collect – The Newsletter of St Anne’s Church, Kew". St Anne's Church, Kew. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 503. ISBN 0-14-0710-47-7.
- "St Anne's – Celebrate 300". official website. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- "Hatchment from St Anne's Church, Kew, 1821". Highlights of the Collection. Museum of Richmond. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "War Memorial on Kew Green". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Weir, A. (1996) Britain’s Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy, Revised edition (Pimlico (Random House), London)
- "St Anne's Church, Kew Green". Local History Notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "William Aiton". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "George Engleheart". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Thomas Gainsborough". Find a Grave. 3 September 2000. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "Thomas Haverfield". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "William Jackson Hooker". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Geer, Samuel Taylor (10 August 2011). "John Joshua Kirby". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Lysons, Daniel (1796). "Appendix: Corrections to volume 1, Burials in the Kew Church". The Environs of London: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent 4. London: Institute of Historical Research. p. 459. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Biography of Sir Richard Levett (−1711), and his family". Manuscripts and Special Collections. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "Jeremiah Meyer". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "Johann Zoffany". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St. Anne's Church, Kew.|
- Blomfield, David (2014). St Anne's Kew, 1714–2014. R J L Smith and Associates. ISBN 978-0-9573492-8-5.