St Augustine's Church, Brighton

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St Augustine's Church
The church from the west
50°50′18″N 0°08′24″W / 50.8383°N 0.1400°W / 50.8383; -0.1400Coordinates: 50°50′18″N 0°08′24″W / 50.8383°N 0.1400°W / 50.8383; -0.1400
Location Stanford Avenue, Brighton, Brighton and Hove BN1 6EA
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Anglican
History
Founded 1896
Dedication Augustine of Hippo
Architecture
Status Church
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade II listed
Designated 22 May 1995
Architect(s) Granville Streatfield, Thomas Graham Jackson (consultant)
Style Perpendicular Gothic
Completed 1914
Closed January 2003
Specifications
Materials Red brick
Administration
Parish Preston, St John the Evangelist with Brighton, St Augustine and St Saviour
Deanery Rural Deanery of Brighton
Archdeaconry Chichester
Diocese Chichester
Province Canterbury

St Augustine's Church is a former Anglican church in Brighton, part of the English city of Brighton and Hove. It is close to the Preston Park and Round Hill areas in the central northern part of the city. Built in 1896 and extended in 1914, its parish was extended after a nearby church closed, but in 2003 it was declared redundant itself. The building, which is listed at Grade II in view of its architectural importance, has stood empty since then, apart from a few years from 2004 when the building was leased by the Elim Pentecostal Church. The Pentecostal congregation made free-standing internal changes to create internal spaces which could be heated in winter, but did not touch the fabric of the building.

As of 2014 the church building is undergoing conversion[1] into The St. Augustine's Centre, a multi-purpose community development which will feature an art gallery, restaurant, technology-based education area and chill-out area.[2] Part of the site will be kept as a place of worship and centre for spiritual enlightenment. The church hall will be converted into self-contained apartments in a development known as St. Augustine's Apartments.[3]

History[edit]

Brighton and Hove, which were then separate towns, experienced a surge in churchbuilding during the Victorian era, but St Augustine's church was a relative latecomer. Its construction was a consequence of the gradual development of housing around Preston Village—an ancient village about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-northwest of central Brighton.[4] It was surrounded by large estates whose land was owned by families such as the Stanfords. The village became popular with daytrippers from Brighton in the early 19th century, with its large park, tea-rooms and other attractions, but residential development did not start until the 1860s, when the Stanford estate began to be broken up and sold.[4]

The family imposed conditions on the type and quality of development allowed. For about 40 years from the mid-1860s, streets of large villas, middle-class terraced houses and larger detached houses were built,[4] moving steadily southwards and eastwards from the old village centre towards the northern boundary of Brighton itself. One of the main roads in the area was Stanford Avenue, laid out in the 1880s. Semi-detached villas were built first, followed by other larger houses over the next 20 years. There were no Anglican churches in the vicinity, so architect Granville E. Streatfield was appointed to design and build one.[4]

A church hall was added on the north side in 1901.

The church was built in two parts—in 1896 and 1914—and a church hall was added separately as well.[4][5] Streatfield started by building a long nave with aisles and a clerestory; the church opened in this form in 1896.[5][6] A hall, commemorating Queen Victoria, was added on the north side in 1901, and Charles Eamer Kempe, a prolific Victorian stained glass designer, provided some stained glass windows for the church at the same time.[5][6] The church was completed in 1913–14 by Streatfield, this time with Sir Thomas Graham Jackson acting as a consultant;[6] Streatfield was a pupil of Jackson's.[5] This project added a chancel and apse, a large ambulatory and a Lady chapel.

St Saviour's Church was a slightly earlier church which stood (at 50°50′10″N 0°08′02″W / 50.8360°N 0.1339°W / 50.8360; -0.1339) on Ditchling Road in the Round Hill area of Brighton, southeast of St Augustine's. It was built by local architects Edmund Scott and Frank Cawthorn in 1886 in the Early English style, in flint, stone and red brick.[7] It was extended in 1889, but a proposed tower was never built.[8] Declared redundant and closed in 1981, it was demolished in 1983 and replaced by flats. The former parish was then absorbed by that of St Augustine's Church.[9] The Diocese of Chichester in turn declared St Augustine's redundant as from 22 January 2003,[10] and it officially closed in 2003.[6] It has stood empty since then. The parish, now called St Augustine and St Saviour, was added to that of St John the Evangelist's Church, the parish church of Preston Village, whose parish was renamed "Preston, St John the Evangelist with Brighton, St Augustine and St Saviour" accordingly.[11]

In the early 2000s, the Immanuel Community Church in the Hanover area of Brighton merged with the former Elim Pentecostal church near Preston Park and consolidated their services on the Hanover site. That church was destroyed by fire, and the former St Augustine's Church was offered to the community. They worshipped there until 2009 before moving to the Fountain Centre in Patcham. The church has purchased the site of St Augustine's and intends to redevelop the building and move back.[12]

St Augustine's Church was listed at Grade II by English Heritage on 22 May 1995.[5] It is one of 1,124 Grade II-listed buildings and structures, and 1,218 listed buildings of all grades, in the city of Brighton and Hove.[13]

Architecture[edit]

The church has an apsidal end with flying buttresses.

Granville Streatfield designed St Augustine's in the Perpendicular Gothic style using red brick with stone dressings.[6] The brick is laid in a Flemish bond pattern, and the roof is tiled.[5] The nave has 5½ bays, and the later chancel is also quite long (four bays). It terminates in an ornately designed apse at the east end; in contrast, the plain west end was never completed and the tower planned for that end by Streatfield was not built.[5]

The entrance is at the west end, in a small porch above which are two lancet windows and a central arched window.[5] There is another porch on the south side (facing Stanford Avenue), with a sundial bearing the inscription the light cometh when no man can work. The nave has pairs of lancets all the way round, separated by brick pilasters. There is a series of flying buttresses around the exterior wall of the chancel, which also has lancet windows with tracery work. The Lady chapel has similar features.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Planning Permission
  2. ^ St. Augustine's Centre project, on the developer website
  3. ^ Apartment development on the developer website.
  4. ^ a b c d e Carder 1990, §130.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Detailed record: Church of St Augustine, Stanford Avenue (south east side), Brighton". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Elleray 2004, p. 7.
  7. ^ Elleray 1981, p. 49.
  8. ^ Elleray 1981, §56.
  9. ^ Carder 1990, §51.
  10. ^ "The Church of England Statistics & Information: Lists (by diocese) of closed church buildings as at October 2012" (PDF). Church of England. 1 October 2012. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Preston: St John with Brighton St. Augustine and St. Saviour". A Church Near You website. Archbishops' Council. 2014. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Our History". Immanuel Family Church. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Images of England — Statistics by County (East Sussex)". Images of England. English Heritage. 2007. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Carder, Timothy (1990). The Encyclopaedia of Brighton. Lewes: East Sussex County Libraries. ISBN 0-86147-315-9. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (1981). The Victorian Churches of Sussex. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. ISBN 0-85033-378-4. 
  • Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1.