St Botolph without Aldgate

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For the church, see St Botolph's Aldgate.
Not to be confused with St Botolph without Aldersgate.
St Botolph without Aldgate
St Botolph Aldgate
The Church of was in the City of London section of the parish
The Church of St Botolph's Aldgate was in the City of London section of the parish
Stepney Civil Parish Map 1870.png
Area
 - 1851 37 acres
 - 1911 75 acres
 - Coordinates 51°30′32″N 0°04′26″W / 51.509°N 0.074°W / 51.509; -0.074Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°04′26″W / 51.509°N 0.074°W / 51.509; -0.074
Area transferred
 - 1895 All from St Katharine's by the Tower
 - 1895 All from Old Tower Without
 - 1901 All from Tower of London
Population
 - 1801 6,153
 - 1851 4,163
 - 1911 3,245
Density
 - 1851 111.78/acre
 - 1911 43.27/acre
History
 - Abolished 1921
Status Civil parish

St Botolph without Aldgate was an ancient parish in the metropolitan area of London, England. The parish was partly within the City of London and partly in the County of Middlesex.[1] Each part operated as a separate parish for civil administration with its own local government, but it was a single parish for ecclesiastical purposes. The part in Middlesex was sometimes known as East Smithfield. It was a heavily built-upon parish with a high population density.

Within the City[edit]

The section of the parish in the City of London was in the Portsoken ward.

Following the London Government Act 1899, the part of the parish of Whitechapel that was within the City of London was transferred to St Botolph without Aldgate in 1900.

The City of London section of the parish was abolished in 1907 when the City of London civil parish was created.

Outside the City[edit]

Civil parish administration was in the hands of the vestry until 1855 when the parish was grouped into the Whitechapel District and the parish elected six members to Whitechapel District Board of Works. The parish was transferred from the County of Middlesex to the County of London in 1889.

In 1895 it absorbed the civil parishes of St Katherine by the Tower and Old Tower Without. In 1901 it absorbed the civil parish of the Tower of London.

It became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney in 1900 and the local authority became Stepney Borough Council. The civil parish then had only nominal existence until 1921 when it was abolished.[2]

References[edit]