St Breock Church
St Breock shown within Cornwall
|Population||703 (Civil Parish, 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Cornwall|
St Breock village is 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Wadebridge immediately to the south of the Royal Cornwall Showground. The village lies on the eastern slope of the wooded Nansent valley. The civil parish of St Breock is in Bodmin Registration District and the population in the 2001 census was 703. The parish extends approx five miles (8 kilometres) south of Wadebridge. To the north, the parish is bounded by the River Camel, to the west by St Issey parish and to the east by Egloshayle parish. Together with Egloshayle it was one of the two parishes within which the town of Wadebridge developed.
The parish church grid reference SW 977 717 is dedicated to St Briocus and dates back to the 13th century although it was extensively rebuilt in 1677. (The aisle, south transept and porches are additions of the 15th and 16th centuries.) The church has a battlemented tower with a ring of five bells. It is situated beside the stream in the valley bottom and in 1965 suffered damage in a major flood. The nave is longer than usual in a parish church: this may be connected to the fact that the Bishops of Exeter owned the manor of Pawton before the Reformation and had a palace there. The church contains some fine monuments to members of the Tredeneck family and one of 1598 to William and Jane Viell. There is a brass probably also to a Tredeneck, ca. 1520. The church organ was the work of 'Father' Willis. Seth Ward, afterwards a bishop, was briefly the incumbent here.
Manor of Pawton
The Manor of Pawton, already established in Saxon times, was very large, extending to six whole parishes and parts of four others. It was granted to the Bishops of Sherborne by King Egbert of Wessex and held by their successors until it was alienated under Henry VIII. In 1086 there were 44 hides of land, land for 60 ploughs, 40 villagers and 40 smallholders; pasture 12 sq leagues, woodland 2 sq leagues. Charles G. Henderson wrote in 1925 that slight remains of the bishop's palace and deer park were still to be seen. On the down above Pawton is a very large barrow with massive dolmen. At Nanscowe Farm a pillar stone of the 5th or 6th century with inscription meaning 'To the son of Ulcagnus; and to Severus' (in Latin).
St Breock Downs Monolith
- Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode
- Rendell, Joan (1982) Cornish Churches. St Teath: Bossiney Books; pp. 18-19
- Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 64-65
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books
- Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; sec. 2,4 Text and translation of Domesday account of Pawton
- St Breock Downs Monolith, English Heritage, retrieved 12 April 2012
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