St David's School, Middlesex
The new school, in 1857
St David's School was an independent girls' school in Ashford (historically in Middlesex, but from 1965 in the district of Spelthorne in Surrey), England. The school was originally established in London in 1716 as the British Charity School or Welsh Charity School, and moved to Ashford in 1857. It was at first a boys' school, and then from 1758 co-educational, but from 1882 it began to admit girls only and became known as the Welsh Girls’ School. It changed its name to St David's School in 1967, and closed in 2009.
The school was originally established by the Honourable and Loyal Society of Antient Britons (founded 1715), a London-based Welsh society, as a charitable institution to assist impoverished Welsh children in London. In the later 18th century it was also supported by the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion (founded 1751), another London Welsh society.
The school opened informally (with 10 boys and a master) in 1716 in a house in Sheer Lane, London (probably located near Temple Bar), and was more formally instituted in 1718. In 1719 it moved into one of the buildings of Ailesbury Chapel, Clerkenwell, the former chapel of the medieval Clerkenwell Priory, but at this date in use as a Presbyterian meeting-house. The chapel was reconstructed as an Anglican parish church (St John Clerkenwell) in 1721-3, when the school appears to have moved to nearby Jerusalem Passage. The numbers of pupils fluctuated through this period, though there were at times up to 50 boys.
In 1738 the school moved into a new purpose-built home on Clerkenwell Green. The construction of this building, designed by James Steer, was funded by subscriptions. The building (greatly altered and restored) survives, and is now the Marx Memorial Library.
The first girls were admitted to the school in 1758. In 1768, a decision was taken to admit a small number of residential pupils: the first were six girls.
Thomas Pennant's British Zoology (1766) was published "under the auspices of the Cymmrodorion Society", and "sold for the benefit of the British Charity-School on Clerkenwell Green". Pennant in fact lost heavily on the publication, and so the school derived no direct benefit from it. Independently of this work, however, he did give the school a donation of £100.
Conditions at Clerkenwell Green became increasingly cramped, and in 1772 the school moved into a new building in Gray’s Inn Lane (now Gray's Inn Road). (Coincidentally, the site was almost exactly opposite that on which the London Welsh Centre would open in 1930.) The school now became predominantly residential.
In 1857 the school moved out of London to a new site at Ashford, Middlesex. It began to have difficulty attracting charitable pupils, and in 1882 was reconstituted to admit a higher proportion of fee-paying pupils, and as a school exclusively for girls (although those boys already admitted were able to stay for the remainder of their education). It now became known as the Welsh Girls' School.
During World War II the school was evacuated to the Powis Castle estate in Montgomeryshire, but returned to its Ashford site in 1946. In the post-war period its connections with Wales became more tenuous, and in 1967 the name was changed to St David's School. The school closed in 2009 because of falling numbers caused by economic recession. In 2010, the Ashford buildings were taken over by St James Schools and opened as St James Senior Boys' School.
- Temple, Philip, ed. (2008). "Clerkenwell Green". South and East Clerkenwell. Survey of London 46. New Haven, London: English Heritage. pp. 86–114. ISBN 9780300137279.
- Jenkins, R.T.; Ramage, Helen M. (1951). A History of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion and of the Gwyneddigion and Cymreigyddion Societies (1751-1951). Y Cymmrodor 50. London: Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. pp. 82–3.
- Jones 2001, p. 64.
- "Prestigious private girls' school forced to shut as credit crunch scares off parents". Daily Mail. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- St James Senior Boys' School
- Jones, Emrys, ed. (2001). The Welsh in London, 1500-2000. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. pp. 63–66. ISBN 0708317103.
- Leighton, Rachel (1950). Rise and Progress: the story of the Welsh Girls’ School and of the Honourable and Loyal Society of Antient Britons. London.