St Edmund's Church, Southwold

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St Edmund's Church, Southwold
St Edmund's Church, Southwold
52°19′42″N 1°40′44.7″E / 52.32833°N 1.679083°E / 52.32833; 1.679083Coordinates: 52°19′42″N 1°40′44.7″E / 52.32833°N 1.679083°E / 52.32833; 1.679083
Location Southwold
Country England
Denomination Church of England
History
Dedication St Edmund
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I listed
Specifications
Length 144 feet (44 m)
Height 100 feet (30 m)
Administration
Parish Southwold
Deanery Halesworth
Archdeaconry Suffolk
Diocese Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich

St Edmund's Church, Southwold is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England[1] in Southwold.

History[edit]

The parish church of Southwold is dedicated to St Edmund. It is considered to be one of Suffolk's finest.[2] The church lies under one continuous roof. It was built over about 60 years from the 1430s to the 1490s, and replaced a smaller 13th-century church that was destroyed by fire. The earlier church dated from the time when Southwold was a small fishing hamlet adjacent to the larger Reydon. By the 15th century Southwold was an important town in its own right, and the church was rebuilt to match its power and wealth.

Angels in the ceiling

The church is renowned for its East Anglian flushwork, especially that of the tower. Knapped and unknapped flints are arranged in patterns, textures and designs and create the stone work. The curving letters over the west window are most famous: SCT. EDMUND ORA P. NOBIS (St Edmund pray for us). Each letter is crowned, and set in knapped flints. The church has a copper clad roof with an easily recognisable flèche (or spirelet), above a clerestory of eighteen windows. The flèche was purely for display, and has never contained a bell. The tower has no parapet and is a very fine piece of architecture, with its large bell openings. The roof of the nave is so high that it makes the tower seem shorter than it really is; but it is at least 100 feet high. All of the church's medieval glass was destroyed by William Dowsing in 1644; the only stained glass windows in the church are the east windows over the altar (1954, by Sir Ninian Comper) and the west window below the grand tower. In World War 2 the church was narrowly missed by a German bomb that destroyed houses in the nearby Hollyhock Square. The bomb did not do much damage to the building itself but blew out most of the windows - another reason why the church has very little stained glass. The church was tidied very quickly for the funerals, a short while later, of the people killed by the bomb.

In the interior, the rood screen is considered by many to be the finest in the county.[citation needed] It stretches all the way across the church, and is made up of three separate screens: a rood screen across the chancel arch and parclose screens across the north and south chancel aisles. A 15th century clock jack stands at the west end. He has an axe and bell which he uses to strike the time, and has a twin at Blythburgh.[3] The Southwold jack is named "Southwold Jack", and is one of the symbols of the Adnam's brewery. The font has been badly mutilated but is still very impressive with its large ornate cover. The roof in the chancel is painted and its height gives the church a very open feeling.

Present-day church community life is extremely diverse and makes good use of St Edmund's Hall (also destroyed during the Second World War and rebuilt) to the rear of the church.

Restorations[edit]

Detail from north side of the chancel screen

The roofs were restored in 1857 by Edward Lushington Blackburne and in 1866-1867 by Richard Phipson. The chancel was restored in 1885.

Bells[edit]

Southwold Church tower in the snow

Southwold tower contains a ring of eight bells hung for change ringing. The tower held five bells in 1553. Over the years these bells have been recast and others added to create the current eight. The current fourth and fifth are probable recasts of the originals, having been cast in 1668 by John Darbie of Ipswich. The third dates from 1820 and is by William Dobson of Downham Market. In 1828 one bell was recast and a further two added. The bell that was recast is the present tenor, also by William Dobson. The sixth and seventh were added and are likely to originate from All Saints, South Elmham. Both are medieval bells, the sixth being cast around 1538 by William Barker and the seventh by Brasyers of Norwich around 1513. The two trebles date from 1881 and are by Moore, Holmes & Mackenzie of Redenhall, Norfolk.[4] However, a peal of Oxford Treble Bob Major was rung on 26 July 1858, indicating that the tower possessed a ring of eight prior to 1881.[5] The tenor (the largest) weighs 10¾ cwt or about 546 kg, and the treble (the lightest) about half of that. The bells hang in a timber frame installed in 1897 by George Day & Son of Eye, Suffolk. In 1990 the bells were rehung on new fittings and the frame strengthened by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. There is a large amount of space surrounding the frame, allowing ease of access and maintenance. The clock uses the seventh bell to strike the hours. There are no bells in the tower other than the ringing peal. The bells are rung from a ringing chamber some 52 steps up the tower. The chamber has many mementos of past campanological achievements. The tower is affiliated to the Suffolk Guild of Ringers. The bells are rung regularly for Sunday services, weddings and other special occasions.[4]

Organ[edit]

The organ in Southwold

The church has a three manual pipe organ by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd dating from 1887. A specification may be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.[6]

Parish status[edit]

The church is in a group with the following churches:[7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Buildings of England: Suffolk: Nikolaus Pevsner.
  2. ^ "Simon Jenkin's top Suffolk churches". Suffolkchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  3. ^ "Holy Trinity, Blythburgh". Suffolkchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-05-17. 
  4. ^ a b Taken from Doves Guide. 27 January 2009.
  5. ^ Taken from Felstead Database. 5 September 2011.
  6. ^ http://npor.org.uk/cgi-bin/Rsearch.cgi?Fn=Rsearch&rec_index=N13108
  7. ^ Taken from The Sole Bay Team Ministry. 27 January 2009.
  8. ^ Taken from The Suffolk Churches Site. 27 January 2009.
  9. ^ Taken from "A photographic and historical guide to the Parish Churches of East Suffolk" compiled by Adrian S. Pye. 27 January 2009. P. 241.