St Edmund Hall, Oxford
|Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
St Edmund Hall
|College name||The Principal, Fellows and Scholars of St Edmund Hall in the University of Oxford|
|Latin name||Aula Sancti Edmundi|
|Named after||St Edmund of Abingdon|
|Sister college||Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge|
|Principal||Prof. Keith Gull|
|Location||The High / Queen's Lane|
Location of St Edmund Hall within central OxfordCoordinates:
|Blazon||Or, a cross patonce gules cantoned by four Cornish choughs proper.|
St Edmund Hall is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Better known within the University by its nickname, "Teddy Hall", the college has a claim to be "the oldest academical society for the education of undergraduates in any university".
Like the University of Oxford itself, the precise date of establishment of St Edmund Hall is not certain; it is usually estimated at 1236, before any other college was formally established. It is named after St Edmund of Abingdon, Oxfordshire, the first known Oxford Master of Arts and the first Oxford-educated Archbishop of Canterbury, who lived and taught on the college site. The name St Edmund Hall (Aula Sancti Edmundi) first appears in a 1317 rental agreement.
St Edmund Hall began life as one of Oxford's ancient Aularian houses, the mediaeval halls that laid the foundation of the University, preceding the creation of the first colleges. As the only surviving mediaeval hall, its members are known as "Aularians". St Edmund Hall acquired the status of a college in 1957, though retaining the historical moniker of "Hall".
The college has a history of independent thought, which brought it into frequent conflict with both Church and State. During the late 14th and early 15th centuries it was a bastion of John Wycliffe's supporters, for which college principal William Taylor was ultimately burnt at the stake, and principal Peter Payne fled the country. In the late 17th century, St Edmund Hall incurred the wrath of the Crown for fostering nonjurors, men who remained loyal to the Scottish House of Stuart and who refused to take the oath to the German House of Hanover, whom they regarded as having usurped the British throne.
There is an element of confusion regarding the Hall's official college colours which seems to have arisen due to a discrepancy between "official college wear", often thought to be claret and cream, and "sporting wear". Maroon and gold are believed to be the colours of official college colours  and most of the college's sporting wear is in maroon and gold, leading many to believe that these are the college colours. Confusion may also be caused because the college's coat of arms has a yellow/gold field.
Coat of arms 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
The college coat of arms depicts a red cross patonce against a yellow/gold field surrounded by four Cornish Choughs and is blazoned "Or, a cross patonce gules cantoned by four Cornish choughs proper". The choughs are often mistakenly depicted with white wings.
In the image shown, the college coat of arms is found above the following Latin dedication "sanctus edmundus huius aulae lux", or "St Edmund, light of this Hall".
It is a very common practice within the university to use chronograms for dedications when transcribed into Latin, they are written in such a way that an important date, usually that of a foundation or the dedication itself, is embedded in the text. This is usually achieved by choosing certain letters in the text which correspond to Roman numerals which when added, often disregarding the usual subtractive notation, amount to the required date. These numerals are then indicated by being rendered in a larger size than that of the surrounding letters.
In the above dedication, the text is rendered as
and, in this case, adding the numerals naively gives:
- C + V + M + V + V + V + I + V + V + L + L + V + X = 1246
which is a popular, if conservative, estimate for the establishment of the Hall, but is in fact the date of the canonisation of St Edmund of Abingdon.
St Edmund Hall is based on a small central site on the north side of the High Street.
The front quadrangle is bordered by the porters' lodge, the Old Dining Hall (1659), the college bar and buttery (containing a mid-15th-century fireplace), the chapel with the old library above (late 17th century), and accommodation for students and fellows. In the centre of the quadrangle is a medieval well. Passages from the quadrangle give access to modern accommodation blocks and dining hall to the east, and the college library (the deconsecrated church of St Peter-in-the-East, 12th century; the crypt remains consecrated) and gardens (St Peter's churchyard) to the north. The garden contains a seated bronze figure depicting St Edmund as an impoverished student.
The college also owns annexes at Norham Gardens, on Dawson Street, and on Iffley Road. The College recently completed an Aularian-supported programme of restoration to the facade of the front quad and Queen's Lane frontage.
Student life 
As of 2012, the college had about 400 undergraduate and 200 graduate students. The Hall particpates in journalism, drama, mathematics and student politics. In 2007 the college took part in University Challenge, and achieved the third highest score in the first round.
The annual College Ball, organised primarily by the JCR, has a long-standing reputation for both the quality of the event itself but also the prominence of its headline acts: in 2010, this was the drum and bass artist Pendulum.
The student body has had success in sport, especially rugby, with many cuppers successes. In 2008 the college reached the finals of both the football and rugby cuppers competitions, and beat Keble, the Hall's traditional sporting rival, in the rugby final. SEH again reached the final in both sports in 2009, and won rugby cuppers yet again in 2012, this time against Oriel, who had beaten Keble in the semi-finals.
Rowing has also traditionally been a strong sport at the Hall, with the men attaining Headship in the Summer Eights of 1959, 1960, 1961, 1964 and 1965, and the women achieving the same feat in 2006, a title retained through 2007, 2008 and 2009. 
Other recent successes include first place in the 2008 Oxford Slalom Championships on the annual Varsity Trip.
College graces 
The usual grace given before Formal Hall is:
- Benedictus, Benedicat per Jesum Christum Dominum Nostrum
- (Blessed is He [and] may he bless [this food] through Jesus Christ Our Lord)
To which the assembly responds Amen. More extended (or sung) forms of the grace are sometimes given but this is rare.
People associated with the college 
Notable alumni 
- See also Former students of St Edmund Hall.
- Dan Abnett, author, comic book writer
- Samira Ahmed, newsreader/presenter
- Lionel Barber, journalist and Editor of the Financial Times.
- Stuart Barnes, former England and British Lions rugby player, commentator for Sky Sports
- Bidisha, writer and commentator on cultural and social affairs
- Steve Blinkhorn, psychologist, psychometrician
- Anna Botting, newsreader
- Douglas Botting, explorer and author
- Emma Brockes, journalist
- Stanley Burnton, Lord Justice of Appeal 2008 -
- Sir David Cooksey, GBE, businessman, venture capitalist and politician
- Jeremy Davies, Catholic priest and exorcist
- Robin Day, broadcaster
- Peter Day, broadcaster
- Paul Farrelly MP Labour MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme (2001–present)
- Mark Field MP (represents the City of Westminster)
- Stuart Ford, CEO of IM Global
- Arihiro Fukuda late associate professor of the University of Tokyo
- Patrick Garland, (also Honorary Fellow)
- Amitav Ghosh, writer
- Timothy Gorringe, professor of theology
- Sir Richard Gozney, KCMG, CVO, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda
- Geoffrey Grigson, poet and critic
- Alice Hart-Davis, journalist
- Thomas Hearne, antiquarian and diarist
- Terry Jones, comedian and writer
- Gabriel Josipovici, novelist and playwright
- Emma Kennedy, comedian and writer
- Salman Khurshid, Current External Affairs Minister, Government of India
- Stewart Lee, comedian and writer
- Yann Lovelock BEM, writer and interfaith worker
- Sir Ken Macdonald, former Director of Public Prosecutions
- Hugo MacNeill, former Ireland and British Lions rugby player
- Ferdinand Marcos, Jr., Philippine Politician (Senator, Former Congressman, and Former Governor), son of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and Imelda Marcos
- John McManners, ecclesiastical historian
- Hugh McManners, author and journalist
- Derek Morris, economist, Provost of Oriel College, Oxford
- Rudrangshu Mukherjee, Opinions Editor, The Telegraph, Calcutta
- Al Murray, comedian
- Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow
- Oronhyatekha, Mohawk physician and scholar
- Andrew Peach, BBC broadcaster
- Sir Littleton Powys, Justice of the King's Bench
- Larry Pressler, United States Senator for South Dakota and Chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Sir Nicholas Pumfrey (Lord Justice Pumfrey), Court of Appeal Judge
- Charles Ritcheson, historian, diplomat, and university administrator
- Michael Scott Rohan, writer
- Myron Rolle, NFL Player for the Tennessee Titans
- General Sir (Hugh) Michael Rose, KCB, CBE, DSO, QGM
- Mark Sedwill, FIoD, FRGS, CMG, diplomat
- M. J. K. Smith, cricketer
- Keir Starmer, Director of Public Prosecutions
- Graham Steele, Member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, Minister of Finance of Nova Scotia
- Mel Stride MP represents Central Devon
- John Waldron, comedian
- John Wells, comedian and translator
- Daniel Wilson, Bishop of Calcutta
Other notable figures 
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
- William Taylor, theologian, priest, excommunicated and executed as a Lollard, (1405–1406)
- Peter Payne, theologian, diplomat, Lollard and Taborite (1410-1414)
- Thomas Lancaster, Protestant clergyman, Church of Ireland Archbishop of Armagh, Principal (1565-
- John Rawlinson, clergyman, (1610-1631)
- John Mill, theologian (1685-1707)
- George Fothergill, Principal (1751-1760)
- Henry Felton, clergyman and academic (1722-1740)
- Edward Moore, (1864-1903)
- Henry Williams, Bishop of Carlisle (1920 – 1946), (1913-1920)
- Leonard Hodgson, Vice-Principal (1914–1918)
- G.B. Allan, Principal (1920–1928)
- George B. Cronshaw, Principal (1928)
- Alfred Brotherston Emden, Principal (1929–1951)
- Revd. J.N.D. Kelly, Principal (1951–1979)
- Michael Mingos, Professor of Inorganic Chemistry, (1999-2009)
- Keith Gull, FRS, Principal (2009–present)
A full list of the College's Fellows is available on the official college website.
- University of Oxford (2008) St Edmund Hall - Admissions
- "Undergraduate numbers by college 2011-12". University of Oxford.
- Cowdrey (1988); p. 388, referencing A.B. Emden who in his 1927 (p. 236) work states: "...and St Edmund Hall now survives as the last lineal descendent of the oldest form of academical society designed for the residence of scholars studying in the Oxford Schools."
- St Edmund Hall (2011) St. Edmund Hall Annual Report and Financial Statements, Year ended 31 July 2011
- Emden (1927), p. 60
- In both 1690 and 1692
- On the college's official website, the 'College memorabilia' section quotes these colours
- About the College | St Edmund Hall
- College website
- S.E.H. Men's Eights
- Visitor, Principal and Fellows | St Edmund Hall
Further reading 
- Cowdrey, H.E.J. (1988) St Edmund Hall, Queen's Lane, In: Hibbert, C. (Ed.) The encyclopædia of Oxford, London : Macmillan, ISBN 0-333-39917-X, p. 388-391. Reproduced online by St Edmund Hall [accessed 1 June 2007]
- Emden, A.B. (1927) An Oxford Hall in Medieval Times: being the Early History of St Edmund Hall, Oxford : Clarendon Press, Reprinted 1968
- Kelly, J.N.D. (1989) St Edmund Hall: Almost Seven Hundred Years, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-951559-X
- Salter, H.E. and Lobel, M.D. (eds)  (1994) "St. Edmund Hall", In: Victoria County History: A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 3: The University of Oxford, The Victoria history of the counties of England, Folkestone : Dawson for the University of London Institute of Historical Research, ISBN 0-7129-1064-6, p. 319-335.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: St Edmund Hall|
- St Edmund Hall – official website
- St Edmund Hall JCR website
- St Edmund Hall MCR website
- St Edmund Hall Alternative Prospectus website
- Virtual tour of St Edmund Hall
- Shepherd and Woodward, St Edmund Hall