St Enoch railway station

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Glasgow St Enoch
St Enoch railway station in 1879.jpg
St Enoch railway station hotel in 1879. Photograph by James Valentine
Location
Place Glasgow
Area Glasgow
Coordinates 55°51′26″N 4°15′13″W / 55.85730°N 4.25370°W / 55.85730; -4.25370Coordinates: 55°51′26″N 4°15′13″W / 55.85730°N 4.25370°W / 55.85730; -4.25370
Grid reference NS589649
Operations
Original company City of Glasgow Union Railway
Pre-grouping Glasgow and South Western Railway
Post-grouping LMS
Platforms 12
History
12 December 1870 Dunlop Street station opened[1]
17 October 1876 Dunlop Street station closed[1]
17 October 1876 Opened[1]
27 June 1966 Closed[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Portal icon UK Railways portal

St Enoch station was a mainline railway station in the city of Glasgow, Scotland between 1876 and 1966. It was demolished in 1977.

History[edit]

The glass St. Enoch Centre on the site of the old St Enoch mainline station in 2005, with the former St Enoch Subway station (now converted into a café) on the right

Located on St Enoch Square in the city centre, it was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway, in 1876.[1][2] The first passenger train stopped there on 1 May 1876 and the official opening took place on 17 October 1876.[2]

In 1883 it was taken over by the Glasgow and South Western Railway (G&SWR) and it became their headquarters.[2] Services ran to most parts of the G&SWR system, including Ayr, Dumfries, Carlisle, Kilmarnock and Stranraer. In partnership with the Midland Railway, through services also ran to England, using the Settle and Carlisle Railway from Carlisle to Leeds, Sheffield, Derby and London St Pancras.

It was the site of a rail crash in 1903 in which 16 passengers were killed and 64 injured when a train overran the buffers. In the 1923 grouping it was taken over and then operated by the London Midland and Scottish Railway. After the nationalisation of the United Kingdom rail network, the station was run by British Railways.

Model of station at the Glasgow Museum of Transport
The former St. Enoch Station Clock at the Antonine Centre in Cumbernauld.

It was a large station with 12 platforms and two impressive semi-cylindrical glass/iron roofed train sheds. The station was closed on 27 June 1966[1] as part of the rationalisation of the railway system undertaken by the British Railways Board chairman Dr. Richard Beeching; upon closure its 250 trains and 23,000 passengers a day were diverted to Central.[3] The roofs of the structure were demolished, despite protests, in 1977.[4] The clock that was suspended from the roof of the station was saved from destruction and is now on display in Cumbernauld Town Centre.[5]

The St Enoch Hotel which fronted the station was also demolished in 1977.[4]

Current site[edit]

The site of the station is now occupied by another glass structure, the St Enoch Centre, a large shopping centre. The remains of the station and hotel were used to help in fill the Queen's Dock, today the home of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre (SECC).[4]

The red sandstone ticket hall which stands in St Enoch Square immediately west of the shopping centre is not part of the former rail station, but is the former ticket hall for the adjacent St Enoch subway station on the Glasgow Subway.

Though the mainline station is gone, parts of the arcaded approach embankments (now containing shops and restaurants) can be seen to the east of the shopping centre's car park on Osborne Street.[6] Although the short remaining section which once lead into the station now goes nowhere, the southern section remains as a freight line along the route of the Glasgow City Union Railway, crossing the Clydebridge Viaduct of 1899 which spans the River Clyde.[7]

Dunlop Street railway station[edit]

St Enoch station replaced a previous station close by called Glasgow Dunlop Street, which was opened by the City of Glasgow Union Railway on 12 December 1870[1] and closed by the Glasgow and South Western Railway the same day St Enoch opened.[1]

Services[edit]

Glasgow Central & St Enoch approaches
City of Glasgow
Union Railway
Glasgow Central
Glasgow Central Railway
St Enoch
River Clyde
parts of former station
reused as carriage sidings
Glasgow Bridge Street
Main Street(CGUR)
Cumberland Street(CGUR)
Glasgow and Paisley
Joint Railway
City of Glasgow
Union Railway
Gorbals
Eglinton Street
Southside
Polloc and Govan Railway
General Terminus and
Glasgow Harbour Railway
Pollokshields East
Cathcart District Railway
Pollokshields West
Strathbungo
Glasgow, Barrhead and
Kilmarnock Joint Railway
Cathcart District Railway
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Terminus   North British Railway
City of Glasgow Union Railway
  Gallowgate
Terminus   Glasgow and South Western Railway
Glasgow, Barrhead and Neilston Direct Railway
  Gorbals
Terminus   Glasgow and South Western Railway
City of Glasgow Union Railway
  Main Street

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Butt (1995), page 103
  2. ^ a b c Thomas (1971)
  3. ^ "Passengers centralised". Railway Magazine 112 (784): 429. August 1966. 
  4. ^ a b c Williams (1999)
  5. ^ Seen in the 1981 film Gregory's Girl
  6. ^ "Aerial view of Osborne Street, Glasgow showing approach viaduct to the extinct St Enoch Station". Retrieved February 10, 2008. 
  7. ^ http://urbanglasgow.co.uk/archive/city-of-glasgow-union-railway__o_t__t_3188.html

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]