St Helen's Priory, Derby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Helen's Priory, Derby
St Helen's Priory, Derby is located in Derbyshire
St Helen's Priory, Derby
Location within Derbyshire
Monastery information
Full name The Priory of St Helen, Derby
Other names Derby Augustinian Priory
Order Augustinian Canons
Established 1137
Disestablished Before 1360
Mother house Darley Abbey (from 1154)
Dedicated to St Helen
Controlled churches St Peter's Church, Derby (until 1154)
People
Founder(s) Towyne, a Burgess of Derby
Site
Location Derby, United Kingdom
Coordinates 52°55′37″N 1°28′52″W / 52.927061°N 1.481212°W / 52.927061; -1.481212Coordinates: 52°55′37″N 1°28′52″W / 52.927061°N 1.481212°W / 52.927061; -1.481212
Visible remains None

St Helen's Priory, also known as Derby Augustinian Priory, was a small Augustinian priory, and later hospital, in Derby, England.

Priory and hospital[edit]

St Helen's Priory was founded in 1137 by a man named Towyne, who was a Burgess of Derby.[1] The priory was constructed to the North-West of the town of Derby, just outside of the town walls. Dedicated to St Helen, the priory is described as being "an oratory or small religious house".[1]

The Priory was endowed by Hugh, Dean of Derby, with lands at "Little-Derley", and was given control of St Peter's Church, Derby.[2] This land at "Little-Derley", around a mile from the priory, was used for the establishment of Darley Abbey, and, in 1154, many of the canons transferred from St Helen's to Darley; St Helen's thus becoming a cell to Darley Abbey.[2][3]

Shortly after, in 1160, the priory began to operate as a hospital.[1][2][3]

When assessed for tax in 1291, St Helen's is recorded as having a total annual income of £4 17s. 8d., the vast majority of which coming from the priory/hospital's 120 acres of arable land.[1][4]

The Hospital is thought to have ceased operating around 1350.[3]

Later history and remains[edit]

St Helen's House c.1920, when it was Derby School.

The priory was located in the area currently known as St. Helen's Street, however, nothing remains of the priory buildings.[3]

After the dissolution of Darley Abbey, the Abbey's land, including that of the previous St Helen's Priory, was surrendered to the crown.
In 1554 Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary), issued a Royal Charter granting several of Darley Abbey's properties and endowments to the Corporation of Derby for the establishment of: ""a Free Grammar School, for the instruction and education of boys and youths in the said town of Derby for ever to be maintained by the Bailiffs and Burgesses of the same town".[5] This school was Derby School.

Between 1766–1767, St Helen's House (which takes its name from the priory), was constructed on land formerly owned by the priory. First a private house, from 1861 it was home to Derby School.

Around 1817 human remains, attributed to the priory and hospital, were found at the former priory site.[3]
Also at this time, part of the site was occupied by a Marble Factory, owned by a "Mr Brown".[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d William Page (ed.) (1907). 'Hospitals: St Helen & St James, Derby', A History of the County of Derby: Volume 2. pp. 83–84. 
  2. ^ a b c d Lysons, D. and S. (1817). Magna Britannia, a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain, by. 
  3. ^ a b c d e English Heritage. "ST HELEN'S PRIORY, DERBY". PASTSCAPE. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "'Houses of Austin canons: The abbey of Darley', A History of the County of Derby: Volume 2". 1907. pp. 46–54. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Turbutt, Gladwyn (1999). A History of Derbyshire.