St Hilary's Church, Wallasey

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St Hilary's Church, Wallasey
St Hilary's Church, Wallasey, from the south
St Hilary's Church, Wallasey is located in Merseyside
St Hilary's Church, Wallasey
St Hilary's Church, Wallasey
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°25′37″N 3°03′39″W / 53.4269°N 3.0609°W / 53.4269; -3.0609
OS grid reference SJ 296 928
Location Wallasey, Wirral, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Hilary, Wallasey
History
Dedication Saint Hilary of Poitiers
Consecrated 1859
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 20 January 1988
Architect(s) W. & J. Hay
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Specifications
Materials Stone, slate roofs
Separate tower in stone
Administration
Parish Wallasey
Deanery Wallasey
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Rector Revd Alan William Ward
Assistant priest Revd John Farr

St Hilary's Church, Wallasey is in the town of Wallasey, Wirral, England. It consists of a church built in 1858–59[1] and the separate tower of a former medieval church.[2] Both the church and the tower are designated by English Heritage as Grade II listed buildings. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Wallasey.[3]

History[edit]

The present building is believed to be the sixth church on the site.[4] The first church is thought to have been built in Saxon times and was probably built of timber and of which there is no trace. Several stones have been found of a Norman structure on the site. It is thought that a new church was built between 1162 and 1182 by William de Waley. This was rebuilt and a tower added during the reigns of Edward I and Edward II. The next rebuilding was in the age of Henry VIII when the tower of 1530 was reconstructed. In 1757, the church was described as ruinous and it was rebuilt.[5]

This structure was accidentally burnt down in 1857, reputedly because the sexton over-stoked the heating boiler, and bacon being cured in the boilerhouse began to drip fat, causing the old prayer mats beneath them to catch fire. Because Wallasey had no fire service, a messenger had to be dispatched to Birkenhead, and by the time the fire brigade arrived the structure was beyond saving.[6] The church was rebuilt as a separate building in 1858–59, leaving the tower as a freestanding edifice. The architects of the present church were W. and J. Hay.[7]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in stone with a slate roof. Its plan consists of a nave with clerestory, north and south aisles under lean-to roofs, a crossing tower with transepts, and a chancel with a north vestry and a south chapel.[1]

The separate tower is built in stone and its lower parts date from the 13th century. It is in three stages with diagonal buttresses. On the north and east faces are blocked arches. The louvred bell openings have three lights and at the top is an embattled parapet with gargoyles.[2]

Interior[edit]

The roof is arch-braced in type. In the chancel is a two-bay organ loft to the north and a two-bay chapel arcade to the south. The wooden reredos has rich carving. The stalls are dated 1897 and are decorated with Arts and Crafts ornament and enamel plaques.[1] There is a ring of six bells cast by John Taylor & Co in 1859.[8] The churchwardens' accounts begin in 1658 and the parish registers in 1574; both were saved in the fire of 1857.[5]

The organ was built in 1861 by Henry Willis to the design of W. T. Best, who was organist at that time, with two manuals. Around 1903 the instrument was entirely reconstructed as a three-manual organ of 39 stops and 15 couplers, designed by Dr James Lyon, who was organist at the time. The work was carried out by W. Johnson of Birkenhead. In 1924 the organ was moved to the north choir aisle above the vestry. The rebuilt organ was designed by George Dixon and built by Rushworth and Dreaper.[9]

External features[edit]

The churchyard contains the war grave of a World War II Royal Air Force officer.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St Hilary, Wallasey (1242754)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 26 September 2011 
  2. ^ a b English Heritage, "Tower to former Church of St Hilary to south west of present church, Wallasey (1259875)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 26 September 2011 
  3. ^ St Hilary, Wallasey, Church of England, retrieved 26 September 2011 
  4. ^ History, St Hilary's Church, Wallasey, 2008, archived from the original on 24 April 2008, retrieved 7 October 2009 
  5. ^ a b Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 334–338 
  6. ^ Noel E. Smith, Helmets, Handcuffs and Hoses: Wallasey Fire Brigade, ISBN 0-9517762-4-X-1, pp.14-15
  7. ^ Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 76, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  8. ^ Wallasey S Helen, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 11 August 2008 
  9. ^ Rhodes, Julian (1999), "St. Hilary, Wallasey, Merseyside", The George Dixon Archive, retrieved 20 December 2007 
  10. ^ MUTTER, JAMES GORDON, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 4 February 2013