St Ive

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Not to be confused with St Ives, Cornwall.
St Ive
Cornish: Sen Iv
St Ive is located in Cornwall
St Ive
St Ive
 St Ive shown within Cornwall
Population 2,205 (Parish, 2011)
OS grid reference SX311672
Civil parish St Ive
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LISKEARD
Postcode district PL14
Dialling code 01579
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°28′48″N 4°22′55″W / 50.480°N 4.382°W / 50.480; -4.382

St Ive (/ˈv/ EEV; Cornish: Sen Iv) is a village and civil parish in south-eastCornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is split into four parts: St Ive Church End, St Ive Cross, St Ive Keason and St Ive Parkfield. In addition to the Parish an electoral ward exists stretching north of St Ive. The population at the 2011 census was 4,246.[1]

History and geography[edit]

Parish church in St Ive Church End, constructed c. 1338

The parish used to be a large rural area of rolling landscape with wooded valleys and the population was sparse with the largest village being St Ive itself, sited on the A390. The hamlet of Woolston lies to the northwest of St Ive. The demography of the parish was radically altered with the mid-Victorian mining boom centred on Caradon Hill. South Caradon Mine situated just over the parish border was at one time the largest and most prosperous copper mine in the world.

Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, politician and sociologist, and his sister Emily Hobhouse, the social activist, were both born in St Ive.

Parish Church[edit]

The parish church is probably dedicated to Saint Ive. However it is not 100% sure that it was, a supposedly Persian bishop whose body was found in 1001 at St Ives in Cambridgeshire.[2] The building is mainly 14th century and similar to the church of South Hill, though more elaborate in detail. The consecration of the church in 1338 is recorded in the diocesan register. The south aisle, south porch and the top of the tower were added either in the 15th or early 16th century: (the tower has 12 pinnacles). The pulpit is dated 1700 but is in the Jacobean style. A monument to J. Lyne, d. 1791, is by Robert Isbell; another monument to a member of the Wrey family, formerly of Trebeigh Manor within the parish, was moved to their principal seat of Tawstock, Devon, in 1924.[3]

Trebeigh Manor[edit]

Trebeigh, St Ive, in Cornwall was a manor listed in Domesday Book as held by the Earl of Mortain, the largest landholder in that county. He is said to have taken it away wrongfully from the church. It was given in 1150 by King Stephen to the Knights Templar, and thenceforth formed, together with that order's other nearby manor of Temple on Bodmin Moor, the Preceptory of Trebeigh, which also held the advowson of the parish church of St Ive. Following the suppression of the Knights Templar, the preceptory passed in 1312 to the Knights of Malta.[4] Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the manor of Trebeigh was granted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1573 to Henry Wilbye and George Blyke, from whom it was acquired by John Wrey,[5] who made it his family's chief seat until his descendants inherited Tawstock in Devon from the Bourchiers in 1654.[6] The family owned the Wheal Wrey mine in the parish.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ward population 2011.Retrieved 13 Feb 2015". 
  2. ^ Orme, Nicholas (2000). The Saints of Cornwall. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-19-820765-4. 
  3. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 179
  4. ^ Accounts found in Malta for the Hospitallers of St Ive in 1338 record dovecotes, honey and the prices of animals and grain
  5. ^ "Descent of Trebeigh per Listed Buildings text". 
  6. ^ Vivian, (ed.), Heralds' Visitations of Devon, 1895, p.107

External links[edit]