|Cornish: Sen Iv|
St Ive shown within Cornwall
|Population||2,121 (Parish, 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||St Ive|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||South East Cornwall|
St Ive (// EEV; Cornish: Sen Iv) is a village and civil parish in south-east Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. St Ive should not be confused with St Ives, the well-known seaside town in the west of Cornwall. The village is split into four parts: St Ive Church End, St Ive Cross, St Ive Keason and St Ive Parkfield.
History and geography
The parish used to be a large rural area of rolling landscape with wooded valleys and the population was sparse with the largest village being St Ive itself, sited on the A390. The hamlet of Woolston lies to the northwest of St Ive. The demography of the parish was radically altered with the mid-Victorian mining boom centred around Caradon Hill. South Caradon Mine situated just over the parish border was at one time the largest and most prosperous copper mine in the world.
The parish church is probably dedicated to Saint Ive. However it is not 100% sure that it was, a supposedly Persian bishop whose body was found in 1001 at St Ives in Cambridgeshire. The building is mainly 14th century and similar to the church of South Hill, though more elaborate in detail. The consecration of the church in 1338 is recorded in the diocesan register. The south aisle, south porch and the top of the tower were added either in the 15th or early 16th century: (the tower has 12 pinnacles). The pulpit is dated 1700 but is in the Jacobean style. A monument to J. Lyne, d. 1791, is by Robert Isbell; another monument to a member of the Wrey family, formerly of Trebeigh Manor within the parish, was moved to their principal seat of Tawstock, Devon, in 1924.
Trebeigh, St Ive, in Cornwall was a manor listed in Domesday Book as held by the Earl of Mortain, the largest landholder in that county. He is said to have taken it away wrongfully from the church. It was given in 1150 by King Stephen to the Knights Templar, and thenceforth formed, together with that order's other nearby manor of Temple on Bodmin Moor, the Preceptory of Trebeigh, which also held the advowson of the parish church of St Ive. Following the suppression of the Knights Templar, the preceptory passed in 1312 to the Knights of Malta. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries the manor of Trebeigh was granted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1573 to Henry Wilbye and George Blyke, from whom it was acquired by John Wrey, who made it his family's chief seat until his descendants inherited Tawstock in Devon from the Bourchiers in 1654. The family owned the Wheal Wrey mine in the parish.
- Emily Hobhouse, (9 April 1860 – 8 June 1926), Welfare campaigner, who is primarily remembered for bringing to the attention of the British public, and working to change, the appalling conditions inside the British concentration camps in South Africa built for Boer women and children during the Second Boer War. She was also the author of the Open Christmas Letter during the First World War. Hobhouse's ashes were ensconced at the foot of the National Women's Monument.
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (January 2013)|
- Orme, Nicholas (2000). The Saints of Cornwall. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-19-820765-4.
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 179
- Accounts found in Malta for the Hospitallers of St Ive in 1338 record dovecotes, honey and the prices of animals and grain
- "Descent of Trebeigh per Listed Buildings text".
- Vivian, (ed.), Heralds' Visitations of Devon, 1895, p.107
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