St James's University Hospital

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St James's University Hospital
The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust
Jimmys Entrance 2008.jpg
Main Entrance, St James's University Hospital, Leeds (Gledhow Wing ahead, Lincoln wing on the left)
Geography
Location Beckett Street, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Coordinates 53°48′29″N 1°31′7″W / 53.80806°N 1.51861°W / 53.80806; -1.51861Coordinates: 53°48′29″N 1°31′7″W / 53.80806°N 1.51861°W / 53.80806; -1.51861
Organisation
Care system NHS
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University of Leeds
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds 997
History
Founded 1925 replacing the Poor Law Infirmary which had its origin in 1848
Links
Website www.leedsth.nhs.uk/patients/aboutus/hospitals/st_james.php
Lists Hospitals in England

St. James's University Hospital[1] is in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England and is popularly known as Jimmy's being one of the United Kingdom's most famous hospitals.[citation needed]

General[edit]

St James's was formerly claimed to be the largest teaching hospital in Europe.[2][3][4] It is one of six centres which conduct liver transplants. St James's was the location of the first living-related donor liver transplant on the NHS.[5] It is part of the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, along with the Leeds General Infirmary (LGI), Seacroft Hospital, Wharfedale Hospital, Chapel Allerton Hospital and until April 2008 (when it closed), Cookridge Hospital. Both St James's and the LGI are extensively involved in the teaching of medical students, nurses and junior doctors.

All of the Hospital buildings except Chancellor's Wing are named after surrounding streets in the Leeds suburb of Harehills (Chancellor's Wing is named after the then Chancellor of the University of Leeds, HRH The Duchess of Kent, who opened the building in 1972). The current Hospital wings are:

  • Beckett Wing - Care of the Elderly
  • Bexley Wing - Oncology
  • Gledhow Wing
  • Lincoln Wing
  • Chancellor's Wing

A New Oncology building, the Bexley Wing, containing the St James's Institute of Oncology, accepted its first patients in December 2007. It was officially opened by HRH The Princess Royal on 17 July 2008.[6] The building is one of Europe's largest cancer centres, with 1,600 staff and 350 beds.[6] There is a notable Cystic fibrosis unit which offers specialist in patient and out patient services and research, and has its own method of management guidelines called the "Cystic Fibrosis Leeds method of management".[7]

The University of Leeds has a large presence at the St James's site with a new molecular medicine centre, the LIMM building. Also the Sir William Tweddle clinical science building which houses several of the academic research departments as well as a university library.

The Thackray Medical Museum adjoins the hospital site and is located in the Grade II listed former main building of the Leeds Union Workhouse (later known as Ashley Wing, which was part of St James's up until the 1990s). Several of the other buildings of the hospital are listed buildings, reflecting its long occupation of this site.

History[edit]

The hospital originates in the provision of workhouses under the Poor Law. The first part of the current site was a field purchased in 1845, on which was built the Leeds Moral and Industrial Training School. This building forms part of the current Lincoln Wing.[1] There then followed the Leeds Union Workhouse (which now houses the Thackray Museum),[1] and the Leeds Union Infirmary (the site of the present Gledhow Wing).[8]

By the end of the 19th century, the buildings had become largely used for medical care of the poor, rather than workhouse and training. During the First World War it was called the East Leeds War Hospital, caring for armed services personnel.[1]

From 1881 the Medical Superintendent of the Leeds Union Infirmary was Dr James Allen. Upon his retirement in 1925, it was renamed St James's Hospital, to honour him, and also Sir James Ford, of the Leeds Board of Guardians, who had overseen the conversion from workhouse to hospital.[8] It expanded following the creation of the National Health Service in 1948, and further starting in 1963 when the whole site was redeveloped. In 1970, following expansion of Leeds Medical School, it was renamed St James's University Hospital.[1]

In 2010, all children's A&E facilities were moved to Leeds General Infirmary, which meant the loss of this service at St James's. The A&E department at St James's is now just for adults.[9]

Jimmy's TV series[edit]

St. James's University Hospital fame derives in part from its extensive television coverage in the documentary series also titled "Jimmy's", produced by Yorkshire Television (YTV) between 1987 and 1996 for ITV[10] and for Sky One in 1997/98. The theme tune performed by Snake Davis.

Main buildings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "St James's University Hospital". Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust. Retrieved 2 August 2010.  Confirming name as "St James's"
  2. ^ "Invest in health care". Yorkshire Forward. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  3. ^ "Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust". Kaspersky. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  4. ^ The new (2010) Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham has more beds. This title has also been claimed for the Charité in Berlin.
  5. ^ BBC NEWS | England | West Yorkshire | First NHS live liver transplant
  6. ^ a b Yorkshire Post 18 July 2008 Royal Opening for Cancer Centre
  7. ^ Litlewood, James (2009). "The history of Cystic Fibrosis". Cystic Fibrosis Medicine. 
  8. ^ a b P. M Pennock Publications of the Thoresby Society, Vol LIX part 2, no 130, pp. 124–76 "The Evolution of St James's 1848–97"
  9. ^ "Children's A&E services relocate". BBC News. 20 April 2010. 
  10. ^ http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/series/17039

External links[edit]