St John Zachary

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St. John Zachary
Current photo of site
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Roman Catholic, Anglican

St John Zachary[1] (meaning "St John son of St Zachary", i.e. John the Baptist)[2] was a church, first mentioned in official records in 1181,[3] within the City of London, England, on the north side of Gresham Street, Aldersgate.[4] Its vicar from May 25, 1424[5] to an unknown date was William Byngham, the founder of England's first teacher training college [6] It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666[7] and not rebuilt,[8] with its parish being reunited with that of St Anne and St Agnes[9] by Act of Parliament in 1670[10]- an arrangement that lasted until the 20th century.[11] Its site is now a garden[12] first made by the fire watchers in 1941.[13] Partial records survive at IGI.[14]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ More photos
  2. ^ Gordon Huelin in his definitive “Vanished churches of the City of London”(London, Guildhall Library Publishing 1996ISBN 0900422424) puts forward an alternative explanation- a 12th-century deed, held at St Paul's Cathedral gave it to Zachary the monk, which name was incorporated into the church title to distinguish it from St John the Baptist, Walbrook.
  3. ^ "A Dictionary of London", Harben, H.A: Herbert Jenkins,London,1922
  4. ^ “Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations” Pearce, C.W.: London, Winthrop Rogers Ltd, 1909
  5. ^ Article to commemorate the 500th anniversary of his death William Byngham: A Medieval Protagonist of the Training of Teachers Armytage,W. H. G. in “History of Education Journal”, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Summer, 1951), pp. 107-110
  6. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Brown-Catley Davenport ,R.B (Oxford, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004) ISBN 0-19-861411-X
  7. ^ "The Churches of the City of London", Reynolds,H: London, Bodley Head, 1922
  8. ^ Although the name also lived on as a Ward Precinct within Aldersgate British History On-Line "Four Shillings In The Pound Aid 1693-1694: City of London, Aldersgate Ward (Within and Without), Aldersgate Ward Within, St John Zachary Precinct", Barnes,J Earle,P Keene,D & Spence,C (1992)
  9. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert, C; Weinreb, D; Keay, J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993, 2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  10. ^ Church of England, Parish of St. Anne and St. Agnes (London, England). - Miscellaneous papers, including churchwardens' papers, settlement examinatio, 1674. - M0003869CL cited in "City of London Parish Registers Guide 4" Hallows,A.(Ed) : London, Guildhall Library Research, 1954 ISBN 0-900422-30-0
  11. ^ "The records of two city parishes: a collection of documents illustrative of the history of SS. Anne and Agnes, Aldershot, and St. John Zachary, London, from the twelfth century", McMurray,W (clerk of the united parishes):London, Hunter and Longhurst, 1925
  12. ^ Gardens of the City of London
  13. ^ "London:the City Churches” Pevsner, N/Bradley, S New Haven, Yale, 1998 ISBN 0-300-09655-0
  14. ^ Genealogical Website

Coordinates: 51°30′58″N 0°5′44″W / 51.51611°N 0.09556°W / 51.51611; -0.09556