St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford

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St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford
St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford
St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford is located in Cheshire
St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford
St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°18′12″N 2°22′25″W / 53.3034°N 2.3735°W / 53.3034; -2.3735
OS grid reference SJ 753 785
Location Knutsford, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St John, Knutsford
History
Dedication John the Baptist
Consecrated 1744
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 18 January 1949
Architect(s) J. Garlive, Alfred Darbyshire
Architectural type Church
Style Neoclassical
Completed 1879
Construction cost £4,000
(£590,000 in 2014)
Specifications
Capacity 525
Materials Brick with stone dressings
Slate roof
Administration
Parish St John the Baptist, Knutsford
Deanery Knutsford
Archdeaconry Macclesfield
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev. Nigel Atkinson
Assistant Dan Young, Richard Reeve
Laity
Reader(s) Thain Flowers
Churchwarden(s) John Lee,
Julija Broomhead

St John the Baptist's Church, Knutsford, is in the town of Knutsford, Cheshire, England. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Macclesfield and the deanery of Knutsford. Its benefice is combined with that of St John the Evangelist, Toft.[2]

History[edit]

Knutsford was a chapel of ease in the parish of St Mary's Church, Rostherne, until the 18th century. In 1741 an Act of Parliament was obtained for it to become a distinct parish.[3] The church was built between 1741 and 1744 at a cost of £4,000 (equivalent to £590,000 in 2014),[4] the architect being J. Garlive. In 1879 the apsidal chancel was extended and reordered by Alfred Darbyshire.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in neoclassical style in brick with stone dressings and a slate roof. The plan of the church consists of a west tower, a two-storey nave and a shallow chancel. The tower is in four stages with a west doorway over which is a round-arched window, a clock and round-arched belfry windows. The top of the tower has a parapet with modillion brackets swept between urns. The parapet of the nave has alternating solid and balustraded panels. At the southwest is a doorway in a pedimented case with a rusticated architrave and a round-arched inner door. There is a similar doorway at the northwest.[1]

Interior[edit]

The nave has a classical arcade of four bays with Tuscan columns on high bases carrying semicircular arches. Galleries are on the north, west and south sides.[1] There are two fonts.[5] One is made of marble and has an oak cover. It dates from the time of building of the church but spent some time in the garden of a private house.[3] The other dates from 1865 and is in High Victorian style.[5] An old parish chest is in the tower and in the church is a two-tier brass candelabrum donated in 1768. On the north wall is a pyramidal memorial to Ralph Leycester of Toft who died in 1776.[3] Also in the church is a memorial to Elizabeth Leigh who died in 1823 which is signed by Richard Westmacott. The stained glass is by Heaton, Butler and Bayne.[5] Two memorial boards are in the church which are believed to have been painted by members of the Randle Holme family of Chester.[6] The three-manual organ was built in 1882 by Alex Young and Sons.[7] There is a ring of six bells. Four of these were cast in 1748–49 by Rudhall of Gloucester: the other two were cast by John Taylor Ltd in 1996.[8] The parish registers begin in 1581.[3]

In 2014 reordering works to the interior were completed, designed by architects Graham Holland Associates. This involved the removal of the late-Victorian pews, and the installation of an oak floor, and glazed screens between the narthex and nave and at the three external doors. Four of the Victorian stained glass windows were relocated onto the Church Hill facade, while the two rows of windows in the aisles were replaced in a clear leaded Georgian design.

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a stone sundial probably dating from the late 18th century. It consists of a baluster-like pedestal on circular plinth. It is listed at Grade II.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St John the Baptist, Knutsford (1388414)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Knutsford, St John the Baptist, Church of England, retrieved 13 October 2009 
  3. ^ a b c d Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 195–197 
  4. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  5. ^ a b c d Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 420–421, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  6. ^ Hess, John P. (2007–2008), "Backford's Memorial Boards: were they painted by a Randle Holme?", Cheshire History 47: 34–39, ISSN 0141-8696 
  7. ^ Knutsford St John the Baptist, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 10 August 2008 
  8. ^ Knutsford S John Bapt, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 10 August 2008 
  9. ^ English Heritage, "Sundial in churchyard to southwest of Church of St John the Baptist, Knutsford (1388325)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 August 2012. 

External links[edit]