St John the Divine, Richmond
|St John the Divine, Richmond|
St John the Divine from St John's Road, Richmond
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Associated people||Vigo Auguste Demant|
|Architect(s)||Lewis Vulliamy (original building); Arthur Grove (later additions and church hall)|
|Style||Early Gothic revival|
|Parish||St John the Divine, Richmond|
|Deanery||Richmond & Barnes|
|Vicar(s)||Revd Neil Summers|
Gill DolingRuth Martin
|Parish administrator||Teresa Cross|
St John the Divine, Richmond, in the Anglican Diocese of Southwark, is a Grade II listed church on Kew Road, in Richmond, London, near Richmond railway station. It was designed by Lewis Vulliamy in the Early Gothic Revival architectural style.
Richmond grew rapidly during the 18th and early 19th centuries. By the 1820s, Richmond's original parish church St Mary Magdalene was too small. Having recognised the need for another chapel, the vestry commissioned new construction by 1831. The new building, St John the Divine, was completed in 1836. It was built from 1831 to 1836 on a site provided by local resident and landowner, William Selwyn QC (1775–1855); the architect was Lewis Vulliamy. Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner criticise Vulliamy's "craziest W spire and senseless flying buttresses from the W porches up to the nave" but describe Grove's east end as "a fine composition".
In 1838 it became a parish church in its own right.
The organ, built by Beale and Thynne, was dedicated in December 1896. Described as "a virtually unaltered work of Victorian artistry", it has been fully restored.
20th century additions
A chancel, south chapel and vestries were added in 1904–05; they were designed by Arthur Grove. In 1908, Nathaniel Westlake painted the sanctuary ceiling with illustrations of the Book of Revelation, chapter 14, and created the triptych behind the altar, The Stations of the Cross were carved between 1955 and 1970 by Freda Skinner. Eric Gill carved the stonework on the triptych and over the sacristy door.
The brick church hall was built in 1911.
In 1980–81 adaptations were made to the church to enable it be used occasionally for concerts and to provide a meeting room, toilet facilities and residential accommodation; the architects were Dry Hastwell Butlin Bicknell (a partnership of David Dry (1934–2011), Vince Hastwell, George Butlin and Roger Bicknell).
Vigo Auguste Demant, vicar at St John the Divine from 1933 to 1942, became a Canon of St Paul’s Cathedral, an Oxford professor and was a regular broadcaster on the BBC's Third Programme in the 1950s.He served on the committee that produced the 1957 Wolfenden report that recommended that "homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence".
- "Meet the team". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- "Church of St John the Divine, Richmond upon Thames". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nicolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. p. 517. ISBN 0 14 0710 47 7.
- Cloake, John (1991). Richmond Past: A Visual History of Richmond, Kew, Petersham and Ham. London: Historical Productions. p. 69. ISBN 0-948667-14-1.
- Cloake, John (7 August 1987). "Richmond Parish Church: Richmond Retrospect". Richmond and Twickenham Times, quoted in Brown, Ingrid (10 September 2011). "St.Matthias' Church and the Medievalism of Sir George Gilbert Scott". The Victoria Web. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Cloake, John (1991). Richmond Past: A Visual History of Richmond, Kew, Petersham and Ham, Historical Productions 1991, p 92, ISBN 0-948667-14-1, quoted in Brown, Ingrid (10 September 2011). "St.Matthias' Church and the Medievalism of Sir George Gilbert Scott". The Victoria Web. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Velluet, Paul (2008). St Matthias’ Church, Richmond: A Guide and History. The Friends of St. Matthias.
- Bundy, Michael (July 1993). "The Beale and Thynne Organ in St John the Divine, Richmond". Bios Reporter (British Institute of Organ Studies) XVII (3). Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
- "History of St John the Divine". Richmond Team Ministry. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Richmond & Barnes Deanery; Richmond, St John the Divine". Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Past Masters – Obituary: David Dry 1934–2011". RIBA Journal. September 2011.
- "Religion: Will Civilization Survive?". Time Magazine. 10 July 1950. Retrieved 20 January 2013.