St John the Evangelist's Church, Corby Glen

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St John the Evangelist's Church, Corby Glen
Church of St John the Evangelist from the south-east
52°48′48″N 0°30′57″W / 52.8132°N 0.515708°W / 52.8132; -0.515708Coordinates: 52°48′48″N 0°30′57″W / 52.8132°N 0.515708°W / 52.8132; -0.515708
Country  United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England
History
Founded 12th century
Dedication John the Evangelist
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 1968
Architectural type Norman, Perpendicular, Decorated
Specifications
Materials limestone, rubble
Administration
Parish Corby Glen
Deanery Deanery of Beltisloe
Diocese Diocese of Lincoln
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Priest in charge vacancy (2013)
Laity
Churchwarden(s) Mr B M J Barton (2013), Mr K Gardner (2013)

St John the Evangelist's Church is a Grade I listed Church of England parish church dedicated to John the Evangelist, in Corby Glen, Lincolnshire, England. The church is situated 9 miles (14 km) south-east from Grantham, and in the South Kesteven Lincolnshire Vales. The church is noted in particular for its 14th- and 15th-century medieval wall paintings. It has a peal of 6 bells.

St John's is in the ecclesiastical parish of Corby Glen, and is part of the Corby Glen Group of churches in the Deanery of Beltisloe, and the Diocese of Lincoln. Other churches within the group are St Andrew's at Irnham, and St Nicholas' at Swayfield.[1]

English churches – typical major architectural features
The nave, with the doom above the chancel arch
The nave, with figures above and on the west wall

History[edit]

Neither a church nor priest was noted at Corby Glen at the time of the 1086 Domesday Book.[2]

According to the church web site St John's dates principally from the 15th century, with use of earlier fabric from the 12th, however, according to Kelly's Directory, it dates largely from the 14th. The chancel was extended in the 15th century, with two windows added. The church was restored, and new pews added, in 1860, and the tower restored in 1928 at a cost of £800. [3][4][5]

The church parish register dates from 1561.[4] The earliest record of a Church of England rector at Corby was John Obyne, in 1551.[6] In the 19th century the living of the incumbent (priest in charge), was a 'discharged vicarage'—freed from payment of financial returns, 'first fruits', obtained from ecclesiastical office—associated with the joint benefice of Corby and Irnham. The incumbent from 1851 until at least 1885 was the Rev'd Charles Farebrother BCL, of Trinity College, Oxford, and former domestic chaplain to the 1st Duke of Cambridge, with a living of £700 net value, comprising a residency and 82 acres (0.3 km2) of glebe lands in the gift of the trustees of W. H. Woodhouse of Irnham. Charles Farebrother placed a stained glass window in the chancel to the memory of his deceased children. By the 1930s the vicarage, and glebe lands which had reduced to 23 acres (0.1 km2), in the gift of Sir Frederick John Jones JP, had been held since 1900 by the Rev'd Arthur Abbott MA, of Queen's College, Oxford.[4][7][8]

In 1939 a churchwarden discovered medieval wall paintings beneath flaking later whitewash.[3]

St John's received a National Heritage Grade I listing in 1968.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St John's is of ashlar-faced limestone and rubble construction. It comprises a nave, chancel, north and south aisles, square tower, a south porch, and a chapel, and is of Norman, Perpendicular and Decorated styles.[5][9][10]

The bell tower is embattled at its parapet and of three stages. The highest, the belfry stage, dating from the 15th century, contains louvred bell openings and is drained by gargoyles. At the base of the west buttress at the south side of tower is an inscription naming the mason Thomas de Somersby. The late 13th-century north aisle contains a single-chamfered pointed doorway at the west, and three windows, each with three lights, two of which were added during the 15th-century extension. The windows are traceried, with two incorporating quatrefoils. The nave Late Perpendicular clerestory windows are similar in style to those of the north aisle. The south aisle is Decorated, as is its south doorway, with its windows, one at the east and three at the south, 15th-century Late Perpendicular. The 14th-century south porch, too, is Perpendicular. It is two-storeyed and gabled, with a pointed-arch entrance opening, and surmounted by a parapet with pinnacles, and lit at its east and west sides by one small two-light window each. The upper level was a priest's room. Within the porch are stone benches, one on each side.[3][5][9][11]

At the entrance to the churchyard, 20 yards (18 m) to the south-west of the church, are early 19th-century wrought iron gates with aslar gate pillars; both are Grade II listed.[12]

Interior[edit]

St John's accommodates seating for 206.[4] The late 14th-century nave roof is braced by corbels of grotesque style. Its arcades are of four bays supported by piers faceted with four columns, set on polygonal bases, and surmounted by octagonal capitals, and arches. The arches are of Decorated style, and Pevsner suggests that they are part of an earlier build. He also points to the 13th-century chancel arch containing "most oddly, two plain Norman imposts", these too possibly previously placed elsewhere, a view supported by Cox. Above the arch are indications of the earlier chancel roof line, and on the chancel arch wall, above the pulpit on which is carved figure of John the Evangelist, is a small doorway to a former rood screen upper level loft. Within the chancel is a further arcade leading to the late Perpendicular north chapel. The Perpendicular west tower arch relates in style to the arcades and is edged with a quatrefoil frieze.[5][9][11]

The 17th-century communion rail around the chancel altar was installed to prevent dogs from entering the sanctuary. An iron bound chest dating from the 15th century lies close to the south door. Stained glass windows, some of which are memorials, include two shields and a figure of St John dating from the 15th century, within a quatrefoil in the north aisle. Further medieval fragments are within other windows.[3][5][9][11] Within the aisles are box pews, pannelled, and dating from the 18th and 19th century. Within the chancel are two ledger slabs—slabs over graves—to hold brass plates, and in the chancel chapel a monument dedicated to Frances Wilcox, died 1764. Wall plaques by Hawley of Colsterworth are in the north aisle. The church font is 13th-century, octagonal, and sits on an 1893 marble shaft.[5] Church plate includes a 1609 chalice.[9][10]

Wall paintings[edit]

St John's medieval wall paintings from the early 15th century provide the most notable aspect of the church. Pevsner describes these as "very extensive" and one, a "gigantic St Christopher, originally nearly 11ft high, c.1350" as "a delightful figure." There are Nativity scenes, including the Virgin, Child and Magi, and a shepherd and King Herod, in the clerestory. In the north aisle scenes include that of St Anne teaching the Virgin. Another image refers to the Seven Deadly Sins and a 'Warning to Swearers', in the centre of which is a Pietà, with "devils and elegantly dressed youths" (Pevsner). A Tree of Jesse within an ogee pattern is depicted on the south aisle wall.[9][10][13][14][15][16]

Bells[edit]

The church has a peal of 6 bells used for Change ringing. 4 of these were cast for the church between 1580 and 1628, and the other two were hung in 2013. These last two were obtained from St Albans, having been cast for there in 1935.[17] During the re-hanging a bell that had been added to the peal in 1988 was removed for sale. This bell, the fifth at the time, had come from the St Thomas church at nearby Bassingthorpe.

In 1975 the original timber bellframe was replaced by a steel one. At that time the bell from the former grammar school was hung to provide a separate Sanctus bell to be rung for church services. This bell was cast in 1691 at the Stamford foundry of Tobias Norris.[3][18][19][20]

Organ[edit]

The church has a small single-manual organ with 5 stops, probably made by Taylor of Leicester. It was obtained from Stamford School in 1949 to replace an earlier organ installed in 1890. The Taylor organ was overhauled in 1997 by Aistrup & Hind.[21][22]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Corby Glen P C C", Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  2. ^ Corby Glen in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e "St John the Evangelist's Church, Corby Glen", Corby Glen Village Website. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  4. ^ a b c d Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1933, pp. 151–152
  5. ^ a b c d e f g English Heritage. "Church of St John, Corby Glen (1309158)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 July 2013 .
  6. ^ Persons: Obben, John (1551 - 1555) in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 2 February 2014)
  7. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1855, p. 62
  8. ^ Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 366–367
  9. ^ a b c d e f Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John: The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire pp. 499–500. Penguin, (1964); revised by Nicholas Antram (1989), Yale University Press. ISBN 0300096208
  10. ^ a b c "Corby Glen Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan P.4. South Kesteven District Council", South Kesteven District Council. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  11. ^ a b c Cox, J. Charles (1916): Lincolnshire p. 104. Methuen & Co. Ltd.
  12. ^ English Heritage. "Gates and Gate Piers to Churchyard of Church of St. John (1360087)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 July 2013 .
  13. ^ Platts, Graham (1985); Land and People in Medieval Lincolnshire (History of Lincolnshire, volume 4), p. 267, History of Lincolnshire Committee for the Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. ISBN 090266803X
  14. ^ "St. Anne teaching the Virgin to read, Corby Glen, Linconshire (‡Lincoln). c.1325", Paintedchurch.org. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  15. ^ "The Nativity : Corby Glen, Lincolnshire (‡Lincoln) C.15", Paintedchurch.org. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  16. ^ "King Herod, with the Magi and other scenes from the Infancy of Christ, Corby Glen, Linconshire (‡Lincoln). c.1325", Paintedchurch.org. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  17. ^ "Corby Glen". Keltek Trust. "The ring of five is to be augmented to six (subject to faculty) by adding the pre-2010 third bell from St Albans Abbey and replacing the existing treble with the pre-2010 fourth bell from St Albans Abbey." 
  18. ^ "Corby Glen". Dove's guide for church bellringers. Dove's guide for church bellringers. Retrieved 9 August 2013.  Includes a full description of all 7 bells.
  19. ^ Description of the bells
  20. ^ Notice in the church: The story of the bells
  21. ^ DA (16 October 1997). "D03792 Version 3.3". National Pipe Organ Register. The British Institute of Organ Studies. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  22. ^ Shireby, Richard. Father Lord Of All Creation (tune - Abbot's Leigh) 3-verses. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 

External links[edit]