St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby
St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby,
from the south
St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby is located in Cumbria
St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby
St John the Evangelist's Church, Crosscanonby
Location in Cumbria
Coordinates: 54°44′14″N 3°26′50″W / 54.7373°N 3.4472°W / 54.7373; -3.4472
OS grid reference NY 069 390
Location Crosscanonby, Cumbria
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St John, Crosscanonby
History
Dedication St John the Evangelist
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 3 March 1967
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Completed 1880
Specifications
Materials Red sandstone with green slate roofs
Administration
Parish Crosscanonby
Deanery Solway
Archdeaconry West Cumberland
Diocese Carlisle
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Canon Mary Day
Laity
Churchwarden(s) Pat Anderson, Anna Bagley

St John the Evangelist's Church is in the village of Crosscanonby, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Solway, the archdeaconry of West Cumberland and the diocese of Carlisle.[1] The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The church stands on one of the earliest Christian sites in Cumbria. The present church was built in 1130 and the south aisle was added in the 13th century.[3] Further alterations were made in the 14th century.[2] A restoration was carried out in 1880 by C. J. Ferguson.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St John's is constructed in red sandstone blocks and has a green slate roof. The roof has coped gables with cross finials. On the west gable is an open bellcote.[2] There is evidence that the sandstone blocks originated from a former Roman building.[2][3] The plan of the church consists of a three-bay nave with a south aisle, a south porch and a north vestry, and a single-bay chancel set at a lower level, with a south chapel that is continuous with the aisle.[2] It is built in Norman style; the Norman features include the doorway, one of the windows in the south wall, the chancel arch, and one of the windows in the north wall of the chancel.[4] The other windows date from the 19th century, other than two 20th-century dormer windows in the north side of the nave roof. A medieval graveslab is set into the west wall.[2]

Interior[edit]

The font dates from the 13th century; it is square and is carved with leaf motifs. In the chancel is a piscina and an aumbry, Royal arms dated 1733 and boards carrying texts from a similar date. Over the chancel arch is a painting of the Last Supper, probably by Matthias Read. The stained glass in the east window, dating from 1849, is by John Scott of Carlisle.[2] In the church is part of a 10th-century cross-shaft decorated with images of dragons, and a coffin lid inscribed with a cross, zigzags and a human figure.[4]

External features[edit]

Outside the church is an Anglo-Danish hog-back tombstone.[4] One of the graves in the churchyard is that of John Smith, a local salt tax officer, who died in 1730. His tomb includes a carving of the salt officer sitting and working at his desk.[3]

See also[edit]

Media related to St John the Evangelist's church, Crosscanonby at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ St John the Evangelist, Cross Canonby, Church of England, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Historic England, "Church of St John, Crosscanonby (1235084)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 May 2012 
  3. ^ a b c Crosscanonby - St John the Evangelist's Church, Visit Cumbria, retrieved 30 March 2010 
  4. ^ a b c d Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2010) [1967], Cumbria, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 311–313, ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1