St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds

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St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds
A substantial stone church seen from the northwest.  The tower has crocketted pinnacles, and the north wall of the body of the church has a series of large rectangular windows
St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds, from the north west
St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds is located in West Yorkshire
St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds
St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds
Location in West Yorkshire
Coordinates: 53°48′00″N 1°32′32″W / 53.8001°N 1.5423°W / 53.8001; -1.5423
OS grid reference SE 302 338
Location New Briggate, Leeds, West Yorkshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
History
Founder(s) John Harrison
Dedication Saint John the Evangelist
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 26 September 1963
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic
Groundbreaking 1632
Completed 1838
Specifications
Materials Stone, slate roof

St John the Evangelist's Church, Leeds, is a redundant Anglican church in the centre of the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner refers to it as "the only church at Leeds of more than local interest".[3]

History[edit]

St John's is the oldest church in the city centre of Leeds, being built between 1632 and 1634, at a time when few churches were being built. It was paid for by John Harrison, who was a wealthy wool merchant and local benefactor.[2] The church was altered between 1830 and 1838; this included remodelling of the tower by John Clark.[1] In the middle of the 19th century the parish planned to demolish the church and build a more modern one. A campaign to rescue it was supported by Richard Norman Shaw and Sir George Gilbert Scott and was successful.[2] In 1866–68 Shaw restored the church, and added a south porch and a new vestry. From 1890 Temple Moore reinstated some of the 17th-century woodwork removed by Shaw, and carried out further restoration.[1] St John's was declared redundant on 1 November 1975, and was vested in the Trust on 17 January 1977.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in ashlar stone, and has a grey slate roof. Its plan consists of a nave with a south aisle and a south porch, a chancel, and a west tower. The whole of the exterior of the church is embattled with pinnacles at the corners. Its architectural style is Perpendicular. The tower is in three stages and has diagonal buttresses. In the bottom stage is a two-light west window; the middle stage contains a clock face on the north, west and south sides; and in the top stage are three-light bell openings. The porch has angle buttresses, and an arched doorway with a sundial above. On each side of the church are four-light Perpendicular windows, with five-light windows at the east ends of the nave and aisle, and at the west west end of the aisle. Internally the arcade is carried on octagonal piers, the capitals of which are carved with acanthus leaves and ball ornaments. The roof is highly decorated, containing tie beams, corbels carved with angels and musicians, gilded pendants, and panels decorated with roses and other plants.[1]

Interior[edit]

The interior of a church with an arch containing an elaborately carved screen in front of which are carved pews
Screen and pews

Most of the fittings are Jacobean in style, and have been described as the "glory" of the church.[2] This applies particularly to the elaborately carved screen across the nave and the aisle.[2] There is similarly detailed carving on the wall panels, the pews and the pulpit.[2] Also in the church is a royal coat of arms and three brass chandeliers.[1] The stained glass dates from the 19th century, and includes a memorial window to John Harrison, depicting him performing good deeds, and directing the building of the church. Around the church are memorials to other citizens of the city.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e English Heritage, "Church of St John, Leeds (1375157)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Church of St John the Evangelist, Leeds, West Yorkshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 28 March 2011 
  3. ^ Quoted in St John's, Leeds, Yorksview, retrieved 1 September 2010 
  4. ^ Diocese of Ripon and Leeds: All Schemes (PDF), Church Commissioners/Statistics, Church of England, 2010, p. 3, retrieved 3 April 2011 

External links[edit]