St Kew

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Coordinates: 50°33′29″N 4°47′42″W / 50.558°N 4.795°W / 50.558; -4.795

St Kew
Cornish: Lanndohow
St Kew is located in Cornwall
St Kew
St Kew
 St Kew shown within Cornwall
Population 1,026 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SX021769
Civil parish St Kew
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BODMIN
Postcode district PL30
Dialling code 01208
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

St Kew (Cornish: Lanndohow)[1] is a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is also the name of the civil parish (known in Cornish as Pluw Gew),[1] which includes the church town, St Kew, and nearby St Kew Highway (Fordh Lanndogho).

The parish is named for a Welsh saint, Cywa or Kew, possibly the sister of Docco, also known as: Docuin, Docwinn, Docquinn,[2] who founded a monastery at or near the village of St Kew.[3] The 15th-century church, however is now dedicated to St James.[4]

History[edit]

St Kew is mentioned in history earlier than any other place in Cornwall since it appears in the Life of St Samson. The life includes an account of the saint visiting a monastery called Docco which was over the seas (St Samson came from Wales).[5]

St Kew was a large manor at the time of Domesday Book. There were 5 hides of land which included land for 22 ploughs. There were 59 villagers and 26 smallholders with 20 ploughs between them. Also 1-acre (4,000 m2) of meadow, 40 acres (160,000 m2) of pasture and a large woodland; the livestock were 9 cattle and 120 sheep. The annual value was £6.[6]

At Bokelly there are a Tudor barn and a house which was apparently refronted in the late 17th century.[7] Pengenna is a 17th-century manor house.[8]

Church of St James[edit]

Ogham stone in the church of St James in the village of St. Kew
Passion of Christ at St James church, St Kew

The 15th-century parish church, in the village of St Kew Churchtown, has important stained glass windows, including one depicting the Passion of Christ, which were restored in 2005. The windows were the most "memorable" part of Nikolaus Pevsner's visit.[9] He also praised the pulpit: "Uncommonly good, Elizabethan, with ornamental panels ... ". He notes the carved capitals, the wagon roof, the 15th century font, bench ends, a 15th-century cross-head and the Royal Arms, in stone. There is a curious Ogham stone, found in a local farm, in the church. see Gallery, below According to Charles Henderson, writing in the Cornish Church Guide (1925), the tracery and stonework of some windows at St Kew may have been transferred here from Bodmin Parish Church. The dedication was originally to St Docco but in the mid 15th century the patroness of a chapel (St Kewa, Virgin) nearby was transferred to the parish church when the church building was enlarged. Two other chapels existed in the parish in the late medieval period, one of St Wenna, and another of St Aldhelm at Chapel Amble (in Cornish: An Heyle 'by the estuary').[10]

St Kew Community Primary School[edit]

The St Kew Community Primary School campus includes an infant playground with sandpit, large general playground with quiet garden, playing field with adventure equipment and science garden.[11] The building is all on one level and comprises three classrooms and additional teaching space. There is a work/artroom, library, reception and hall, with kitchen facilities. St Kew School, originally located in the Parish Hall at the turn of the 20th century, moved to its present location in 1928. Further extension and improvement in 1991 added a complete new wing providing the school with a new kitchen, hall/dining room/gymnasium and workroom, staffroom, library and offices.

Gallery: The church of St James in the village of St Kew[edit]

St Kew Highway railway station[edit]

Railway bridge at St Kew Highway

The station on the North Cornwall Railway opened in 1 June 1895, and had a passing loop and a single siding with headshunt that served a goods shed and loading dock. Both lines through the station had platforms although the down platform had no buildings and was only accessible via a foot crossing at the down end of the station. The station building itself, like the goods shed, was substantially constructed out of local stone, as was the locking room of the signal box. The passing loop was extended in 1939, but the up loop, sidings and signal box were taken out of use on 21 November 1965 as goods services had ceased on 7 September the previous year. Traffic was never very heavy and by the late 1930s was averaging 5 passengers per day, less than a third of that ten years earlier. The station was unmanned from 6 December 1965 and closed on 3 October 1966, although the building functioned for some time as a guest house but is now a private residence: it is partially visible from the A39.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

The Church of St James
  1. ^ a b Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Name of village: Source: Doble, G. H. (1965) Saints of Cornwall, Part 4: Newquay, Padstow and Bodmin district. Truro: Dean & Chapter; pp. 105-109
  3. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 119
  4. ^ "St Kew Conservation Area Character Statement, 1997". North Cornwall District Council in 1997. 
  5. ^ Doble, G. H. (1965) Saints of Cornwall, Part 4: Newquay, Padstow and Bodmin district. Truro: Dean & Chapter; p. 105
  6. ^ Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1.4
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 44
  8. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by E. Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 134
  9. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Buildings of England: Cornwall (1951; 1970) (rev. Enid Radcliffe). Penguin Books (reissued by Yale U. P.) ISBN 0-300-09589-9; p. 185.
  10. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 119-121
  11. ^ St Kew Community Primary School
  12. ^ M. N. Sprod, ‘Braddon, Sir Edward Nicholas Coventry (1829–1904)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 "Sir Edward Braddon". Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  13. ^ Allen, Elizabeth. "Hutton, Thomas (1565/6–1639); in: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2007-10-22. 

External links[edit]