St Kilda East, Victoria

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St Kilda East
MelbourneVictoria
439 inkerman street east st kilda.jpg
"770" Synagogue, Inkerman Street
St Kilda East is located in Melbourne
St Kilda East
St Kilda East
Coordinates 37°51′43″S 144°59′49″E / 37.862°S 144.997°E / -37.862; 144.997Coordinates: 37°51′43″S 144°59′49″E / 37.862°S 144.997°E / -37.862; 144.997
Population 12,576 (2011)[1]
 • Density 5,470/km2 (14,160/sq mi)
Established 1850s
Postcode(s) 3183
Area 2.3 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Location 6 km (4 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Prahran, Caulfield
Federal Division(s) Melbourne Ports
Suburbs around St Kilda East:
Windsor Prahran Armadale
St Kilda St Kilda East Caulfield North
Elwood Balaclava, Elsternwick Caulfield South

St Kilda East is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 6 km south-east from Melbourne's Central Business District. It is located within the local government areas of the City of Glen Eira and the City of Port Phillip. At the 2011 Census, St Kilda East had a population of 12,576.

St Kilda East is one of the more diverse and densely populated suburbs of Melbourne. It has a prominent Hasidic Jewish community, descended from Polish and Russian immigrants. Quiet and residential, it is quite different from the adjacent suburb of St Kilda. However, the area around Carlise Street is very diverse with a strong arts, alternative and indie community.

History[edit]

The St Kilda East area was first settled in the 1850s. Smaller timber shacks were common during the early 1860s to 1870s, with larger houses on the bigger subdivisions. During the late 1870s, terraced housing began around the railway line.

Alma Park was laid out and areas surrounding the park were set aside for religious purposes, resulting in a large number of convents and chapels along Chapel Street and either side of Dandenong Road. In the 1950s, speculative development resulted in the alteration of many of the suburb's streetscapes. Centred on Chapel Street and to the east of the railway line, flats became common in the area.

Recent development of the suburbs, rising land values and excellent access to public transport has seen recent gentrification in the area. Modern infill medium density apartments are being built on many blocks, with the Carlisle Street area designated an activity centre under the Melbourne 2030 planning scheme.

Education institutions[edit]

The main schools in St Kilda East are the Christian Brothers College, St Kilda, the Caulfield Campus of Caulfield Grammar School, Malvern Community School, Ripponlea Primary School, the St Kilda East campus of Mount Scopus Memorial College, Yeshivah College, Beth Rivkah Ladies College and part of St Michael's Grammar School. The Rabbinical College of Australia and New Zealand (Yeshivah Gedolah Zal), a tertiary institution for the training of Orthodox rabbis and religious functionaries in the Chabad-Lubavitch denomination, is located on Alexandra Street.

Ripponlea Primary School was opened on 3 July 1922 with 400 pupils in grades prep to eight. In 2011 enrolment at the school was 272 students across prep to grade 6.[2]

Culture[edit]

St Kilda East is home to the Red Stitch Actors Theatre, a professional theatre, located on the corner of Dandenong Road and Chapel Street.

Transport[edit]

St Kilda East is served by several forms of public transport.

Major tram routes operate on Carlisle Street/Balaclava Road, Chapel Street, Dandenong Road and St Kilda Road.

Buses operate along Orrong Road and Hotham Street.

Balaclava and Ripponlea railway stations, on the Sandringham line, also service the suburb.

Landmarks[edit]

Residential architecture[edit]

The suburb is dominated by 1960s flats. There are, however, some pockets of preserved heritage streetscapes. Godfrey Avenue has well preserved rows of Edwardian cottages on either side of the street and is protected by council heritage controls. Camden Street has several rows of Victorian semi-detached timber workers cottages.

Some large Victorian buildings remain along Inkerman Street and Alma Road, but have been since subdivided into flats. The streets in between have a mix of housing from different periods.

Non-residential architecture[edit]

Places of worship[edit]

There are many churches in St Kilda East, with many of the modern places of worship serving the Jewish Faith: some older buildings have in earlier times belonged to Christian denominations. Many of these buildings have historic significance with heritage registration, and often form various religious precincts.

Judaism[edit]

The most prominent Jewish place of Worship is the 770 Synagogue, a replica of the New York building associated with the Lubavitch movement.

Anglican[edit]

The bluestone All Saints Anglican Church on Chapel Street was built in 1861, and is reputed to have the largest seating capacity of any Anglican parish church in the Southern hemisphere, with a capacity of 1500 in the pews. The neighbouring Parish Hall was built as an extension to the church in 1909 and was restored in 2005 during a conversion into a boutique gymnasium.

Another Anglican Parish Church is St James the Great, established in 1914 and located at 435 Inkerman Street. St James was founded in close association with the former Church of England St John's Theological College, which was located in nearby Alma Road,[3] on the lot now bisected by Wilgah Street. The Diocese closed the seminary in 1919 amid some controversy directed towards the then perceived Anglo-Catholicity of the seminary (which was at odds with the prevailing sentiment of the diocese at the time). The land was sold and subdivided.

Roman Catholic[edit]

The St Mary's Catholic Church (208-214 Dandenong Road), designed by William Wardell and built in 1858, was one of the earliest bluestone churches.

The East St Kilda Uniting Church, on the corner of Hotham and Inkerman Streets, was built in 1887, to the design of architect Hillson Beasley. Originally a church of the Congregational Union of Australia prior to the formation of the Uniting Church, it was sold by the Uniting Church to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Melbourne in 2011 for the establishment of an Eastern Orthodox use church, according to the provisions of an Ordinariate.

Uniting Church[edit]

The St George's Uniting Church, on Chapel Street, was built in 1877, to the design of Albert Purchas and is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. It has been leased by St Michael's Grammar School since 1990.

Orthodox[edit]

The former Balaclava Corps Hall, built in 1929 on Camden Street, is an unusual design, featuring castellated motifs. It was sold to the Autocephalous Orthodox Ukrainian Church in 1976, now being the parish of The Sacred Assumption of the Holy Virgin.[4]

Public spaces[edit]

The suburb's main park is Alma Park, a large park designed by Clement Hodgkinson in 1867, which was split into two linear parks by the Sandringham railway line in 1858. The park has recreational facilities, including a heritage rotunda,[5] a cricket and football (soccer) oval and bike paths, as well as large stands of elm trees, Moreton Bay Figs and native vegetation areas.

St Kilda General Cemetery[edit]

St Kilda General Cemetery covers a large block bordered by Dandenong Road, Hotham Street, Alma Road and Alexandra Street. It is bounded by a historic wall and contains many Victorian era graves. The cemetery is the resting place of Alfred Deakin, the second Prime Minister of Australia, and Albert Jacka VC, MC, barrister and Mayor of St Kilda (1930).

East St Kilda Heritage Study[edit]

In 2004 the City of Port Phillip commissioned a heritage study that recommended the following areas as heritage precincts and places.[6] The Council adopted most of the recommendations in 2004 and the controls which apply to each of the areas so listed.[7]

Heritage Precincts

  • Chusan Street (from 1886 onwards)[8]
  • Godfrey Avenue / Raglan Street (settled early 1910s)[9]
  • Hammerdale Avenue (Former grounds of "Hammerdale House" from 1868, demolished and subdivided 1925)[10]
  • Holroyd Court (former grounds of "Fernacre" from circa 1867, demolished and subdivided 1936)[11]
  • Kalymna Grove / Inkerman Street (Market gardens until 1914, subdivided and housing erected between 1914 and 1924)[12]
  • Mooltan Avenue (Former grounds of "Mooltan Estate" subdivided 1922)[13]
  • Murchison Street /Alma Road (Former site of St John's College Anglican Seminary closed 1919, subdivision and building continuing until the late 1930s)[3]
  • Orange Grove (from the 1890s)[14]

Individual Heritage Places

  • 31-35 Alexander Street (Houses circa 1887-88)[15]
  • 5 -7 Balstan Street (Former Kynoch & Co. Factory circa 1922, 1940)[16]
  • 16 Balstan Street (Cottage - oldest surviving dwelling Pre 1863, extended 1869)[17]
  • 52 Balstan Street (Electrical Substation, circa 1929)[18]
  • 316- 320 Inkerman Street (Houses circa 1888)[19]
  • 20 Shirley Grove[20]
  • 22 Shirley Grove (House - "Pine Nook" circa 1920)[21]

For some reason, the following properties, although included in the heritage study recommendations, were not included in the overlay.

  • 42 Hotham Street (House circa 1927)
  • 34 Young Street (House - "Warby Cottage" circa 1870)

See also[edit]

  • City of Caulfield - the former local government area of which St Kilda East was a part.
  • City of St Kilda - the former local government area of which St Kilda East was a part.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "St Kilda East (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.myschool.edu.au/MainPages/SchoolProfileRep.aspx?SDRSchoolId=44704&DEEWRId=0&CalendarYear=2011&RefId=BvXjSOWEXKVANdYEXh44ow%3d%3d
  3. ^ a b http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/CommunityGovernanceDocuments/Murchison_Street_Alma_Road_and_Lansdowne_Road.pdf
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Alma Park West Rotunda, Alma Rd, St Kilda East, VIC, Australia (entry AHD9820)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  6. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/o11724.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/C70_Schedule_to_Clause_43.01.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/CommunityGovernanceDocuments/Chusan_Street.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/CommunityGovernanceDocuments/Godfrey_Avenue_and_Raglan_Street.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BusinessSupportDocuments/Hammmerdale_Ave_and_Jervois_Street.pdf
  11. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/CommunityGovernanceDocuments/Holroyd_Court.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/CommunityGovernanceDocuments/Kalymna_Grove_and_Inkerman_Street.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/Mooltan_Avenue.pdf
  14. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/Orange_Grove_and_331_Inkerman_Street.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/31-35_Alexandra_Street.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/5-7_Balston_Street.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/16_Balston_Street.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/52_Balston_Street.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/316-320_Inkerman_Street.pdf
  20. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/20_Shirley_Grove.pdf
  21. ^ http://www.portphillip.vic.gov.au/default/BuildingMaintenanceDocuments/22_Shirley_Grove.pdf

External links[edit]