St Laurence's Church, Frodsham

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St Laurence's Church, Frodsham
St Laurence's Church, Frodsham, from the south
St Laurence's Church, Frodsham is located in Cheshire
St Laurence's Church, Frodsham
St Laurence's Church, Frodsham
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°17′26″N 2°43′11″W / 53.2905°N 2.7196°W / 53.2905; -2.7196
OS grid reference SJ 520 773
Location Frodsham, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Laurence, Frodsham
History
Dedication St Laurence
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 8 January 1970
Architect(s) Bodley and Garner
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Completed 1883
Specifications
Materials Red sandstone
Administration
Parish Frodsham
Deanery Frodsham
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev Michael Mills
Curate(s) Rev Kath Williamson
Laity
Reader(s) Gail Fullbrook,
Gill Newcombe, Andrew Rudd
Organist(s) Ken Fayle
Churchwarden(s) Ann Parker, Ted Hayes
Parish administrator Pam Garner

St Laurence's Church, Frodsham is in Church Road, Frodsham, Cheshire, England. The church stands, not in the centre of the town, but in the elevated area of Overton overlooking the town. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Frodsham.[2]

History[edit]

The Domesday Book records the presence of a church with a priest in this position.[3] In 1093 the tithes were given by Hugh Lupus to the abbot of St Werburgh's Abbey, Chester. In the 1270s they passed to the monastery of Vale Royal when it was founded by Edward I. Following the dissolution of the monasteries the tithes and advowson passed to the dean and chapter of Christ Church, Oxford.[4] Frodsham is one of the ancient parishes of Cheshire and included the villages of Kingsley, Norley, Manley, Alvanley and Helsby. In the 19th century some of these villages formed separate parishes, Norley in 1836, Kingsley in 1851, Alvanley in 1861 and Helsby in 1875.[5]

The structure of the present church dates from around 1180.[6] It is built from local red sandstone. In the 14th century the chancel was lengthened and the tower was built. In the following century the chancel was further lengthened and increased in height. In the 16th century the north chapel, and probably the south chapel, were added.[3] Considerable rebuilding of the church was carried out by Bodley and Garner between 1880 and 1883.[7] This included removing the galleries and plaster ceilings which had been inserted around 1740.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built of red sandstone.[1] It has a symmetrical plan with a tower at the west end, a nave of 3½ bays, north and south aisles, north and south two-bay chapels, and a three-bay chancel with a sanctuary. The north porch is dated 1715 and the south porch 1724.[7] The tower is in three stages and has diagonal west and square east buttresses, a three-light west window, a clock on the north and south faces, two-light belfry windows and a crenellated parapet. The aisles and chancels are also crenellated.[1] In the south wall of the tower have been re-set some Saxon and Norman carved stones.[4][6] The north chapel is known as the Blessed Sacrament Chapel (it was formerly the Helsby Chapel) and the south chapel is known as the Lady Chapel (formerly the Kingsley Chapel).

Interior[edit]

The interior of the nave is considered to be one of the finest examples of Norman architecture in Cheshire.[3] Although the arcades have been much restored, they still contain some Norman material.[6] In the sanctuary is a piscina adapted from a 14th-century corbel and a sedilia. In the chancel are monuments, mainly to members of the Ashley family who lived in Park Place.[5] The altar rails with twisted balusters date from the 17th century. The three-tier brass candelabra was made in Birmingham in 1805. The pulpit is Victorian and replaces an earlier three-decker pulpit.[3] Hanging on the north wall of the nave is the sounding board from the old pulpit. Beside the pulpit is a memorial to Rev William Charles Cotton, vicar of Frodsham from 1857 to 1879.[5] The font dated 1880 is by Bodley and Garner. The organ dates from 1883 and was restored in 1922.[3] The organ case is by John Oldrid Scott. The reredos in the north chapel dates from around 1700, and includes Corinthian columns and pilasters. The stained glass includes a window in the baptistry depicting the Good Shepherd, dated 1917, by Shrigley and Hunt, and three windows from the 1930s by A. K Nicholson.[8] An altar table dated 1678 and the parish chest of 1679 were both made by Robert Harper. Most of the church plate was donated around 1760 by the vicar at that time, Rev. Francis Gastrell.[5] The organ was built by Binns in 1882–83 and rebuilt by the same company in 1923. A further rebuild was carried out in 1982 by Sixsmith.[9] There is a ring of eight bells, six of which were cast by Rudhall of Gloucester in 1734. The other two bells date from 1911 and are by John Taylor and Company.[10] The parish registers begin in 1558, with a break between 1642 and 1661, and the churchwardens' accounts date from 1609.[4]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a sundial dated 1790. It consists of a copper dial and gnomon on a sandstone stem standing on a base of three round steps. It is listed at Grade II.[11] Also listed Grade II is a tomb to the memory of the Wright family dating from around 1806. It consists of a truncated obelisk on a panelled square plinth in grey stone.[12] The churchyard also contains the war graves of 21 Commonwealth service personnel, 15 from World War I and six from World War II.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St Lawrence, Frodsham (1253193)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  2. ^ St Laurence Parish Church, Frodsham, Church of England, retrieved 1 January 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e Latham, Frank A. (ed.) (1987), Frodsham: The History of a Cheshire Town, Local Historians, pp. 65–67, ISBN 0-901993-06-9 
  4. ^ a b c Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: B. T Batsford, pp. 157–160, OCLC 719918 
  5. ^ a b c d e Frodsham Local History Group (1986), Short Guide to the Parish Church of S. Laurence Frodsham, Widnes: MailBook 
  6. ^ a b c St Lawrence, Frodsham, Cheshire, The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture, retrieved 13 June 2010 
  7. ^ a b Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 37, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  8. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 361–362, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  9. ^ Frodsham St. Lawrence, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 10 August 2008 
  10. ^ Frodsham S Lawrence, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 10 August 2008 
  11. ^ English Heritage, "Sundial 9 metres south of south porch of St Lawrence's Church, Frodsham (1253280)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  12. ^ English Heritage, "Wright tomb 1 metre east of south pier of west gate to St Lawrence's Churchyard, Frodsham (1254500)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  13. ^ FRODSHAM (ST. LAWRENCE) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 2 February 2013 

External links[edit]

Media related to St Laurence's Church, Frodsham at Wikimedia Commons