St Martin in the Fields (parish)

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St Martin in the Fields
Civil parish
Westminster Civil Parish Map 1870.png
Area
 - 1881/1921 286 acres (1.16 km2)
Population
 - 1881 17,508
 - 1901 12,980
 - 1921 10,666
History
 - Origin Ancient parish
 - Abolished 1922
 - Succeeded by City of Westminster (parish)
Status Civil parish
Government St Martin in the Fields Vestry
 - HQ Vestry Hall, St Martin's Place
Contained within
 - Poor Law Union Strand (1868–1913)
City of Westminster (1913–1922)

St Martin in the Fields was a civil parish in the metropolitan area of London, England. It took its name from the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields and was within the Liberty of Westminster. It included within its boundaries the former extra-parochial areas of Buckingham Palace and St. James's Palace.[1]

Adjustments[edit]

It was an ancient parish. In 1542 it gained the territory between the church of St Clement Danes and the Palace of Westminster from the parish of St Margaret.[2]

It originally included the following, which were carved out as new parishes:[3]

Poor law[edit]

It was a single parish for poor law following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 until 1868 when it became part of the Strand Poor Law Union.

Reform[edit]

In 1855 the parish vestry became a local authority within the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works.

In 1889 the parish became part of the County of London and in 1900 it became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster. The St Martin in the Fields Vestry was replaced by Westminster City Council and the vestry hall became Westminster City Hall.

The civil parish was abolished in 1922.

References[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41023
  3. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.