St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell

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St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell
St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell, from the west
St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell is located in Shropshire
St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell
St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell
Location in Shropshire
Coordinates: 52°36′47″N 2°41′25″W / 52.6131°N 2.6903°W / 52.6131; -2.6903
OS grid reference SJ 534 019
Location Acton Burnell, Shropshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Mary, Acton Burnell
History
Founder(s) Robert Burnell
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 13 June 1958
Architect(s) Fairfax B. Wade (restoration)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Specifications
Materials Sandstone, tiled roofs
Administration
Parish Acton Burnell
Deanery Condover
Archdeaconry Ludlow
Diocese Hereford
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Rector Revd Geoffrey David Garrett

St Mary's Church, Acton Burnell, is in the village of Acton Burnell, Shropshire, England, and stands near the ruins of Acton Burnell Castle. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Condover, the archdeaconry of Ludlow, and the diocese of Hereford. Its benefice is united with those of St Andrew and St Mary, Condover, St Mark, Frodesley, and St Michael and All Angels, Pitchford.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The church was built between about 1275 and 1280 for Robert Burnell, who became Lord Chancellor of England, and then Bishop of Bath and Wells.[3] It was restored in 1887–89 by Fairfax B. Wade, during which a small tower was added.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St Mary's is constructed in sandstone with tiled roofs.[2] It has a cruciform plan, consisting of a ten-bay nave with a north porch, a five-bay chancel, north and south chapels (acting as transepts), and a tower in the angle between the chancel and the north transept.[2][3] The tower is in three stages with clasping buttresses. It has a pyramidal roof with a weathervane, and a gabled dormer window on the west side. There are two trefoil-headed louvred bell openings in the top stage, quatrefoil openings in the middle stage, and a lancet window and a doorway in the bottom stage.[2] At the west end of the church are buttresses, and a doorway with a steep arch, above which are three stepped lancet windows. Along the eaves of the nave and transepts is a corbel table, some of the corbels being carved with heads. Above the outer doorway of the north porch is a niche. To the east of the porch, at a high level, is a circular window. On the south side of the church is a blocked doorway. The windows in the gable-ends of the transepts are stepped lancets. The chancel is at a lower level, and is more richly decorated. On its north and south sides are lancet windows in different groupings. There is a priest's door on the south side and a hagioscope on the north. The four-light east window is elaborate, with Purbeck marble shafts.[3]

Interior[edit]

The chancel roof is dated 1571, and the nave roof 1598. All the chancel windows internally are shafted in Purbeck marble. In the chancel is a large double piscina, and a trefoil-headed aumbry. There is also a large piscina in each of the transepts. The font is octagonal and dates from the 13h century. The pulpit was created in the 19th century from Jacobean pieces. The north transept is floored with medieval tiles. The walls of the south transept are decorated with 13th-century painted red rosettes. In the north wall of the chancel is a stained glass window of 1927 designed by A. K. Nicholson. In the north transept are monuments, the oldest of which is dated 1382. A later monument dated 1632 is by Nicholas Stone.[3] The two-manual pipe organ is located in a chamber to the north of the chancel. It was built in 1973 by Ward and Shutt.[4] A marble plaque in the north transept commemorates Lieutenant Walter Smythe, who was killed at the siege of Mentz when serving in the Austrian army in the French Revolutionary Wars (1794), with carved figures of cannon, cannonball, drum, flags and a castle.[5] Also inside the church is a plaque listing parish men who died serving in World War I while in the north porch a painted wooden plaque lists all who served in the same war, with indications of those who were wounded or died.[6]

There is a ring of four bells. The oldest is dated 1650, and the other three were cast in 1912 by James Barwell and Company.[7]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard to the north of the church is a former font dating from the 15th or 16th century. It is in sandstone, and consists of a bowl standing on a stem with an octagonal base. The font is said to have been moved from a chapel at Acton Pigott, which had become disused by about 1730. The font is listed at Grade II.[8] The churchyard also contains two war graves, both located in its south-west corner, of a Canadian soldier of World War I, and a British soldier of World War II.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Acton Burnell: St Mary, Acton Burnell, Church of England, retrieved 11 October 2012 
  2. ^ a b c d English Heritage, "Church of St Mary, Acton Burnell (1366700)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 11 October 2012 
  3. ^ a b c d e Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Shropshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 87–89, ISBN 0-300-12083-4 
  4. ^ Shropshire, Acton Burnell, St. Mary (N01923), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 11 October 2012 
  5. ^ Francis, Peter (2013). Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. YouCaxton Publications. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-909644-11-3. 
  6. ^ Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. p. 130. 
  7. ^ Acton Burnell, S Mary, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 11 October 2012 
  8. ^ English Heritage, "Former font approximately 5 metres to north of north porch of Church of St Mary, Acton Burnell (1055566)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 11 October 2012 
  9. ^ ACTON BURNELL (ST. MARY) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 1 March 2013