St Mary's Hospital, London
|St Mary's Hospital|
|Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust|
|Location||Paddington, London, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||Imperial College London|
|Emergency department||Yes Accident & Emergency|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
St Mary's Hospital is a hospital located in Paddington, London that was founded in 1845. Since the UK's first academic health science centre was created in 2008, it is operated by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, which also operates Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Teddington Memorial Hospital, and Western Eye Hospital; and runs some services at St Charles Hospital in Ladbroke Grove.
Until 1988 the hospital ran St Mary's Hospital Medical School, part of the federal University of London. In 1988 it merged with Imperial College London, and then with Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School in 1997 to form Imperial College School of Medicine. Imperial College left the federal university in 2007, to become independent.
St Mary's Hospital first opened its doors to patients in 1851, the last of the great voluntary hospitals to be founded.
With the shift towards community healthcare delivered in the early 20th century, partly due to the social medicine revolution, pressure on bed occupancy relaxed, and with the formation of the NHS in the 1940s, many of the local hospitals of the St Mary's teaching hospital group eventually closed and relocated services to the Paddington basin site:
- Paddington General Hospital
- Paddington Green Children's Hospital
- Samaritan Hospital for Women
- London Lock Hospital
- St Luke's Hospital, Bayswater, formerly the St Luke's Hospital for the Dying
- Princess Louise Hospital
St Charles' Hospital, formerly the Marylebone Workhouse Infirmary, and the Western Eye Hospital, formerly the Western Ophthalmic Hospital, remained as part of the St Mary's Hospital NHS Trust, now all part of Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust.
Notable people 
Famous clinicians and researchers at St Mary's include:
- William Broadbent - a 19th-century neurologist and cardiologist
- John Scott Burdon-Sanderson - Regius Professor of Medicine at the University of Oxford and Royal Medal winner
- Ara Darzi, Baron Darzi of Denham - Health Minister
- Felix Eastcott - performed one of the first ever carotid endarterectomies 20 May 1954
- Alexander Fleming - awarded the Nobel Prize for discovery of penicillin
- John Henry - clinical toxicologist who did crucial work on poisoning and drug overdose
- Albert Neuberger - professor of chemical pathology
- William Stanley Peart - professor of medicine, isolated and determined the structure of angiotensin
- Rodney Porter - awarded the Nobel Prize for research on the chemical structure of antibodies
- Bernard Spilsbury - pathologist and one of the pioneers of modern forensic medicine
- Joseph Toynbee - otologist
- Arthur Cecil Alport - physician who first identified Alport syndrome in 1927
- Augustus Waller - whose research led to the invention of the electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Charles Romley Alder Wright - first person to synthesize heroin in 1874
- Almroth Wright - advanced vaccination through the use of autogenous vaccines
Famous alumni of St Mary's Hospital Medical School include:
- Roger Bannister - First man to run a four-minute mile, professor of neurology
- Tuppy Owen-Smith - International rugby player and cricketer
- JPR Williams - International rugby player
Important discoveries at St Mary's include:
Famous people born at St Mary's include:
- Elvis Costello (b. 1954) British musician.
- Kiefer Sutherland (b. 1966) Canadian actor.
- Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1982) 2nd in Line of Succession to the British throne
- Prince Harry of Wales (b. 1984) 3rd in Line of Succession to the British throne
- Peter Phillips (b. 1977) Son of the Princess Royal and 11th in Line of Succession to the British throne.
- Zara Phillips (b. 1981) Daughter of the Princess Royal, equestrienne and 13th in line of succession.
- Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster (b. 1974) Son of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 21st in line of succession.
- Lady Davina Lewis (b. 1977) Daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 22nd in line of succession.
- Lady Rose Gilman (b. 1980) Daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and 23rd in line of succession.
- Lord Frederick Windsor (b. 1979), son of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent and 32nd in line of succession.
- Lady Gabriella Windsor (b. 1981), daughter of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent and 33rd in line of succession.
Fleming Museum 
The laboratory where Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin has been restored to its cramped condition of 1928 and incorporated into a museum about the discovery and his life and work. It is open to the public from Monday to Thursday from 10am to 1pm and can be visited by appointment outside of these times. The museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.
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