St Mary and All Saints' Church, Great Budworth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Mary and All Saints Church,
Great Budworth
View of St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth, showing the church, lych gate and stocks
St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth is located in Cheshire
St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth
St Mary and All Saints Church,
Great Budworth
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°17′37″N 2°30′15″W / 53.2936°N 2.5043°W / 53.2936; -2.5043
OS grid reference SJ 663 775
Location Great Budworth, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Mary's and All Saints
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Architect(s) Anthony Salvin
William Butterfield
Architectural type Church
Style Perpendicular
Specifications
Length 121 feet (37 m)
Width 52 feet (16 m)
Materials Red sandstone
Administration
Parish Great Budworth
Deanery Great Budworth
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev Alec Brown

St Mary and All Saints Church, Great Budworth, is in the centre of the village of Great Budworth, Cheshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester and the deanery of Great Budworth.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[2] Clifton-Taylor includes it in his list of 'best' English parish churches.[3] Richards describes it as "one of the finest examples of ecclesiastical architecture remaining in Cheshire".[4] The authors of the Buildings of England series express the opinion that it is "one of the most satisfactory Perpendicular churches of Cheshire and its setting brings its qualities out to perfection".[5]

History[edit]

In the Domesday Book there is a reference to a priest at Great Budworth. The church and its living were given to the Augustinian canons of Norton Priory by William FitzNigel, Constable of Chester and Baron of Halton in 1130. Geoffrey de Dutton was an early benefactor of the church, as later were the Booths of Twemlow. The oldest part of the present church, the Lady Chapel, dates from the 14th century; the rest of the church from the 15th and 16th centuries. Rowland Egerton-Warburton of Arley Hall paid for a restoration of the church in the 1850s.[6]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

Nave looking towards the Chancel from the Font and belltower

It is an impressive church, built generally in the Perpendicular style[7] although the long, and older north transept is constructed in the Decorated style.[5] Built in red sandstone,[2] its plan consists of a west tower, a six-bay nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles, and a chancel flanked by chapels to the north and south. The north transept forms the Lady Chapel and the shorter south transept is the Warburton Chapel. At the west end of the south aisle is the south porch. The entire church is crenellated.[8] On the north side of the tower is a sculpture of Saint Christopher and on the south side one of the Blessed Virgin.[4] It has diagonal buttresses and an octagonal south-west turret, a Tudor-arched west window, small arched ringers' windows on the north, west and south faces, a clock on west face, and two-light belfry windows with stone louvres. Its top is crenellated with eight crocketed pinnacles.[2]

Interior[edit]

Warburton Chapel

The nave ceiling dates from the first quarter of the 16th century and is subdivided into 72 panels. In the Warburton Chapel are five oak stalls dating probably from the 13th century and considered to be the earliest in Cheshire. Two old chests are in the church, the older one being medieval and the other dated 1680. The octagonal font dates from the 15th century. In the sanctuary are two Jacobean chairs.[4] The screen to the north transept is by Anthony Salvin. The stained glass in the east window and in the east windows of both aisles is by Kempe, and is dated between 1883 and 1901. In the north transept is Expressionist glass by Fourmaintreaux dated 1965.[5]

In the north chapel is a memorial to Sir Peter Leicester, the 17th-century historian, and in the Warburton Chapel is the alabaster effigy of Sir John Warburton who died in 1575.[4] In the north chapel is an organ which was designed by Samuel Renn and installed in 1839. It is recognised by the British Institute of Organ Studies as being an "Organ of Historic Importance". The organ was restored in 2004 by Goetze and Gwynn at a cost of £60,000.[9] There is a ring of eight bells, all cast by Rudhall of Gloucester. Six of these are dated 1733, one is dated 1760 and the other 1822.[10] The parish registers begin in 1559 and the churchwardens' accounts date back to 1699.[4]

External features[edit]

In and near to the churchyard are four structures that are listed at Grade II. The churchyard wall of sandstone and brick dates partly from the late medieval period with additions made in the 18th and 19th centuries. It incorporates a water trough.[11] The lychgate to the churchyard was erected in 1920 as a war memorial to the First World War. It is oak-framed on a sandstone plinth, with an oak crucifix on the front gable.[12] In the churchyard is a stone sundial from the late 18th century consisting of a vase baluster on a round step sitting on a square flagstone base with a copper dial and gnomon.[13] Just outside the churchyard wall are stocks probably dating from the early 18th century.[14] The churchyard also contains the war graves of six British servicemen, four of World War I and two of World War II.[15]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Mary & All Saints, Great Budworth, Church of England, retrieved 1 January 2011 
  2. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St Mary and All Saints, Great Budworth (1139156)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  3. ^ Clifton-Taylor, Alec (1974), English Parish Churches as Work of Art, London: Batsford, p. 240, ISBN 0-7134-2776-0 
  4. ^ a b c d e Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 170–175, OCLC 719918 
  5. ^ a b c Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 375–377, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  6. ^ Steele, Robert J. (May 2003), A Brief History of Great Budworth Church, St Mary’s and All Saints Church, retrieved 9 September 2007 
  7. ^ Bilsborough, Norman (1983), The Treasures of Cheshire, Manchester: The North West Civic Trust, p. 141, ISBN 0-901347-35-3 
  8. ^ Salter, Mark (1995), The Old Parish Churches of Cheshire, Malvern: Folly Publications, p. 40, ISBN 1-871731-23-2 
  9. ^ The Renn Organ, St Mary’s and All Saints Church, retrieved 9 September 2007 
  10. ^ Great Budworth, S Mary & All Saints, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 10 August 2008 
  11. ^ English Heritage, "Churchyard wall to High Street, School Lane and Southbank, Great Budworth (1087075)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  12. ^ English Heritage, "Lychgate to Churchyard of St Mary and All Angels, Great Budworth (1329869)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  13. ^ English Heritage, "Sundial 12 metres south of south porch of Church of St Mary and All Angels, Great Budworth (1145899)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  14. ^ English Heritage, "Stocks, Great Budworth (1139157)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 13 May 2012 
  15. ^ GREAT BUDWORTH (ST. MARY AND ALL SAINTS) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 2 February 2013 

External links[edit]

Media related to St Mary and All Saints' Church, Great Budworth at Wikimedia Commons