St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Hormead

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St Mary the Virgin's Church,
Little Hormead
A small stone church with red tiled roofs seen through a churchyard from the southeast.  On its far gable is a bellcote with a pyramidal roof
St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Hormead. from the southeast
St Mary the Virgin's Church,Little Hormead is located in Hertfordshire
St Mary the Virgin's Church,Little Hormead
St Mary the Virgin's Church,
Little Hormead
Location in Hertfordshire
Coordinates: 51°56′34″N 0°02′00″E / 51.9429°N 0.0332°E / 51.9429; 0.0332
OS grid reference TL 398 291
Location Little Hormead, Hertfordshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
History
Dedication Saint Mary the Virgin
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 22 February 1967
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Groundbreaking 11th century
Completed 1888
Specifications
Materials Flint, tiled roofs

St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Hormead, is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Little Hormead, Hertfordshire, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] The church is particularly noted for its preserved door, which is described as a "work of outstanding importance",[1] as being a "rare and precious survival",[2] with its "most lavish display of 12th-century ironwork".[3]

History[edit]

The church dates from the 11th century.[1] It was recorded in the Domesday Book as serving the villages of Little Hormead and Great Hormead.[4] The chancel was rebuilt in the early 13th century and a bellcote was added in the 15th century. A south porch was added in the 18th century. In 1888 the church was restored, during which the east end was rebuilt and the bellcote was reconstructed.[1] In the 13th century St Nicholas' Church had been built in Great Hormead, and Little Hormead lost its independent rector in 1886. It was vested in the Churches Conservation Trust in 1995.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St Mary's is constructed in flint with stone dressings. The south porch is in brick, and the roofs have red tiles. The bellcote is timber with a pyramidal roof. The plan of the church consists of a tall narrow nave without aisles, a chancel at a lower level, a south porch, and a bellcote at the west end. Much of the church is Norman in style, particularly the nave. This includes the north and south doorways, a north window and the chancel arch. The south window in the nave dates from the 15th century. The two-light west window was inserted during the 1888 restoration and is in Perpendicular style. The east window in the chancel is a triple lancet. In the south wall of the chancel are two 13th-century lancet windows, a large 15th-century window, and a priest's door.[1]

Interior[edit]

The octagonal font dates from the early 14th century and has panels of blank tracery around its bowl. In the southeast corner of the chancel is a 15th-century piscina.[1] Above the chancel arch is a carved and painted Royal coat of arms of Charles II dated 1660.[1][2] The 12th-century door is preserved inside the church.[2] It consists of two interlacing quatrefoil patterns, around which is a border containing scrolls, all of which is surmounted by a serpentine dragon.[1][3] Dendrochronology has confirmed that the trees from which the door is built were felled between about 1130 and about 1150.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h English Heritage, "Church of St Mary, Little Hormead (1176874)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 11 July 2014 
  2. ^ a b c d Church of St Mary the Virgin, Little Hormead, Hertfordshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 24 March 2011 
  3. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1977) [1953], The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, pp. 241–242, ISBN 0-14-071007-8 
  4. ^ a b St Marys Church, Little Hormead, Church of England, retrieved 8 December 2010 
  5. ^ "Conserving", Annual Review 2009–2010 (Churches Conservation Trust), 2010: 5 

External links[edit]

Media related to Saint Mary, Little Hormead at Wikimedia Commons