St Michael's Catholic Church, Moor Street

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St Michael's Catholic Church, Moor Street
St Michael's Catholic Church, Moor Street
Location Birmingham
Country England
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Dedication St Michael
Architecture
Heritage designation Grade II listed
Completed 1803 (1803)
Administration
Diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of Birmingham

St Michael's Catholic Church is a Catholic church located on Moor Street in Birmingham, England. It received Grade II listed building status on 25 April 1952.[1]

History[edit]

Burnt-out shell of a building
New Meeting, after its destruction during the Priestley Riots (Etching by William Ellis after a drawing by P. H. Witton)

The building itself was first erected in 1726, but was burnt down the 1791 Priestley Riots, which targeted Dr. Joseph Priestley who was the minister at the Unitarian since 1780.[2][3] The Unitarian New Meeting House was rebuilt ten years later and reopened in 1803.[3]

When the New Meeting House became unsuitable for congregation, they started construction on a new place of worship on Broad Street.[4] The New Meeting House was purchased, remodelled and consecrated as a Roman Catholic church in 1862,[5] at the time catering for a large influx of Irish and Italian immigrants who had settled in the area, leading to the church being known as "the Italian church".[6]

Following World War II, the church was adopted by the exiled Polish ex-servicemen and their families, and again has seen an influx in Polish congregations following the integration of Poland into the European Union in 2004, causing the congregation to grow fourfold. This has led to the creation of separate Polish Mass services.[7]

Prior to moving into St Michael's Church, the first Catholic mission in Birmingham was founded in Masshouse Lane in 1687 by the Franciscan Fathers. When this was burnt down in anti-Catholic riots in 1688, Mass continued to be offered in various improvised chapels until 1862.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Church of St Michael, Birmingham". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Green, Andy (2008). "City of Religions: Exploring Faith Diversity Through Archives". Connecting Histories. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Drake, James (1831). The Picture of Birmingham. pp. 57–58. 
  4. ^ The Christian reformer, or, Unitarian magazine and review - Volume 16. London: Edward T. Whitfield. 1860. p. 577. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  5. ^ Showell, Walter; Harman, Thomas T. (1885). Showell's Dictionary of Birmingham: A History and Guide. Birmingham: Cornish Brothers. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Dargue, William. "Little Italy/ The Italian Quarter". A History of Birmingham Places & Placenames . . . from A to Y. William Dargue. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Bawolek, Dorota (2007). "New life in our 'Polish church'". BBC. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°28′48″N 1°53′34″W / 52.48004°N 1.89269°W / 52.48004; -1.89269