St Michael's Church, Barton

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St Michael's Church, Barton
St Michael's Church, Barton, from the southeast
St Michael's Church, Barton is located in Cumbria
St Michael's Church, Barton
St Michael's Church, Barton
Location in Cumbria
Coordinates: 54°37′47″N 2°47′43″W / 54.6298°N 2.7954°W / 54.6298; -2.7954
OS grid reference NY 488 264
Location Barton, Cumbria
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Michael, Barton
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 6 February 1968
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic
Specifications
Materials Stone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Barton
Deanery Penrith
Archdeaconry Carlisle
Diocese Carlisle
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd David C. Wood
Laity
Reader(s) Alan Wright

St Michael's Church, Barton, is located in the parish of Barton, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Penrith, the archdeaconry of Carlisle, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of St Paul, Pooley Bridge, St Peter, Martindale, and St Martin, Martindale.[1] The church has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[2] It stands in a circular churchyard, and possesses the only central Norman tower on a medieval church in Cumbria.[3]

History[edit]

The nave and tower date from the 12th century, the south aisle and arcade from the middle of the 13th century, and the north aisle and arcade, and the south chapel from about 1300.[2] The chancel was lengthened in the 14th century, and the south porch was repaired in 1699. During the 19th century a stable was built to the north of the tower; this is now used as a vestry. The nave roof was installed in 1904.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

St Michael's is constructed in stone with slate roofs.[2] In addition to the tower, Norman features are found in the north doorway, and in the arcades. The chapels and most of the windows are Perpendicular. The tower has paired bell openings and a plain parapet.[3] In the gable of the porch are the arms of Lowther,[2] or Lancaster.[3]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church are three-bay arcades. The south arcade is carried on octagonal piers; the piers of the north arcade are of quatrefoil section. The east and west tower arches are double, consisting of a narrow Norman arch above a wider segmental arch. In the chapels to the south of the tower are two piscinas. The communion rails date from the 17th century, and the lectern and stalls from the early 20th century. The font is medieval, and has a large octagonal bowl. Also in the church are Royal Arms dated 1730. The stained glass dates from 1913; that in the east window is by C. E. Kempe, and in the west window by Hardman. In the chancel is a slab carved with a foliated cross, a sword, and a shield. Elsewhere are wall monuments, the earliest of which is dated 1674.[3]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard are twelve structures that have been listed at Grade II. These are: the Todd Monument,[4] the Rowan Monument,[5] a mounting block,[6] the Glasson Monument,[7] the Speight Monument,[8] the Drewsher Monument,[9] the Suder Monument,[10] the Sisson Monument,[11] another Todd Monument,[12] a Nicholson Monument,[13] another Nicholson Monument,[14] and the Walker Monument.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Michael, Barton, Tirril, near Penrith, Church of England, retrieved 25 June 2012 
  2. ^ a b c d English Heritage. "Church of St Michael, Barton (1326830)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2010) [1967], Cumbria, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 144, ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1 
  4. ^ English Heritage. "Todd Monument approximately 7 metres south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1111778)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Rowan Monument approximately 13.5 metres south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1111779)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Mounting block immediately north of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145228)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  7. ^ English Heritage. "Glasson Monument approximately 10 metres to north east of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145229)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Speight Monument approximately 11.5 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145230)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  9. ^ English Heritage. "Drewsher Monument approximately 5.5 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145231)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  10. ^ English Heritage. "Suder Monument approximately 17 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145232)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "Sisson Monument approximately 17.5 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1145233)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  12. ^ English Heritage. "Todd Monument immediately to south of chancel of St Michael's Church, Barton (1326831)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  13. ^ English Heritage. "Nicholson Monument approximately 3.5 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1326832)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  14. ^ English Heritage. "Nicholson Monument approximately 6 metres to south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1326833)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  15. ^ English Heritage. "Walker Monument approximately 9 metres south of St Michael's Church, Barton (1326834)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 

External links[edit]