St Michael's Church, Kirkham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Michael's Church, Kirkham
St Michael's Church, Kirkham, from the southeast
St Michael's Church, Kirkham is located in the Borough of Fylde
St Michael's Church, Kirkham
St Michael's Church, Kirkham
Location in the Borough of Fylde
Coordinates: 53°47′03″N 2°52′16″W / 53.7843°N 2.8710°W / 53.7843; -2.8710
OS grid reference SD 427,323
Location Church Street, Kirkham, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Michael's, Kirkham
History
Dedication St Michael
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 20 September 1985
Architect(s) Robert Roper,
Edmund Sharpe,
Joseph Hansom (?)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1822
Completed 1853
Construction cost £5,000 (nave)
(£440,000 in 2014),[1]
Specifications
Capacity 600
Spire height 150 feet (46 m)
Materials Ashlar sandstone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Kirkham
Deanery Kirkham
Archdeaconry Lancaster
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Rev Rick Bunday
Assistant priest Rev Kevan Thorn
Laity
Reader(s) Alan Sawyer
Director of music Edward Rugman
Churchwarden(s) Caroline O'Brien
Caroline Wordsworth
Flower guild Christine Lever
Parish administrator Barry Dann
Interior of the church

St Michael's Church, Kirkham, is located in the town of Kirkham, Lancashire, England. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[2] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Blackburn, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the deanery of Kirkham.[3]

History[edit]

The earliest evidence of a church on the site is in 684 AD. Kirkham was one of the oldest foundations in Lancashire and one of only three listed in the Doomsday Book as existing in Amounderness. This hundred was part of the vast possessions of Roger earl of Poictou and the church was held by the Priory Church of St. Mary, Lancaster. William of York (died 1154) issued a charter to return the church to Shrewsbury Abbey. In a later charter, dated 5 December 1280, King Edward I conveyed the advowson of Kirkham to the abbott and convent of Vale Royal Abbey which held the church until the Dissolution in the reign King Henry VIII. It was then given to the dean and chapter of Christ Church College, Oxford.[4]

The first recorded vicar, in May 1239, was Will de Ebor, also described as "Cancus de Ebor" and said to have been appointed by Richard Duke of Cornwall.[5]

The first christenings recorded in the parish register are those of Thomas Sharrock and Henry Cowbron in March 1539.[6] Porter also notes that the monumental inscriptions in the church ".. are not either very ancient or very numersous", with the oldest being that of Richard Clegg, M.A., made vicar on 22 June 1666, let into the floor of the vestry.[7]

The fabric of the present church dates from 1822 when the nave, designed by Robert Roper, an architect from Preston, was built.[8] The cost of the nave was £5,000 (equivalent to £440,000 in 2014).[1][9] In 1843–44 the steeple, designed by the Lancaster architect Edmund Sharpe, and built in Longridge stone, was added at the west end.[10] The foundation stone for this was laid on 21 November 1843 by Thomas Clifton of Lytham Hall.[11] In 1853 the chancel was rebuilt, probably by Joseph Hansom, to make the altar visible from the nave.[2] The north and south galleries were removed in the middle of the 20th century and the area under the west gallery has been turned into a separate room.[8] In 2004 it was discovered that the spire had developed structural problems because the iron ties reinforcing the stones had corroded. An appeal to repair the spire was launched.[12]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built in sandstone ashlar with slate roofs. Its plan consists of a six-bay nave without aisles, a three-bay chancel with aisles which are now used as vestries. To the north and south gabled porches project slightly from the second bays from west. The other bays have lancet windows between gabled buttresses. The nave is in Early English style and the chancel is in Decorated style.[2] The steeple is in Perpendicular style.[11] It has angle buttresses and is in four stages. The parapet is embattled and pinnacles rise from the corners. The octagonal spire is recessed and rises to a height of 150 feet (46 m). It is crocketed, has three tiers of two-light lucarnes and is supported by four flying buttresses.[2] The authors of the Buildings of England series consider it to be "perhaps the finest work of Edmund Sharpe".[9]

Interior[edit]

The roof of the nave is painted red and is divided into squares by ribs, at whose intersections are gilded bosses of different designs. The font is located halfway down the north side of the nave. It is Victorian and consists of an octagonal gabled and crocketted bowl on an octagonal column. The wooden pulpit is massive, measuring approximately 125 feet (38 m) from the base to the top.[8] To the east of the south door are churchwardens' box pews carved with Gothic details and poppyheads.[2] They bear a brass plate dated 1770.[9] In the nave are monuments to the memory of the Cliftons of Lytham Hall, including one to Thomas Clifton who died in 1688. A wall tablet commemorates Richard Bradkirk of Bryning Hall who died in 1813[2] and another monument is to Henry Rishton Buck, a lieutenant aged 27 who died at the Battle of Waterloo.[8] Behind the altar is a folding reredos dated 1900 which was made by Kempe and moved from Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford.[8] The brass chandelier dated 1725 was made by Brown of Wigan.[9] The organ dates back to 1769 when it was built by Glyn Parker of Salford. Later modifications were made by R. W. Nicholson of Bradford (at an unrecorded date), by Harrison & Harrison in 1905, and by the Pendlebury Organ Company of Cleveleys in 1979.[13] There is a ring of eight bells which were cast by Charles & George Mears at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry in 1846.[14]

External features[edit]

St Michael's from Barnfield

In the churchyard is a sundial made of sandstone dating probably from the 18th century with a 20th-century top. It consists of a fluted circular column without a base set into a circular slab and capped with a Tuscan capital which carries a round bronze dial and a gnomon. It is listed at Grade II.[15] Also in the churchyard and listed Grade II are a tomb chest to Edward and Dorothy King dating from the early 19th century,[16] a tomb chest to Edward and Elizabeth Birley dating from around 1836,[17] and a monument in the style of a Gothic tabernacle to William Birley and others dating from the middle of the 19th century.[18] The churchyard and its extension contain the war graves of three service personnel of World War I, and ten of World War II.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  2. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage. "Church of St Michael, Kirkham (1362357)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 February 2012 .
  3. ^ St Michael, Kirkham, Church of England, retrieved 17 May 2011 
  4. ^ Porter, J. MRCS, LSA (1878) History of the Fylde of Lancashire, Fleetwood and Blackpool, W. Porter and Sons Publisher, Chapter II – Ecclesiastical History.
  5. ^ Porter, J. MRCS, LSA (1878) History of the Fylde of Lancashire, Fleetwood and Blackpool, W. Porter and Sons Publisher, Chapter IV – The Vicars of Kirkham.
  6. ^ Porter, J. MRCS, LSA (1878) History of the Fylde of Lancashire, Fleetwood and Blackpool, W. Porter and Sons Publisher, Chapter VI – The Church Wardens and the Parish Registers.
  7. ^ Porter, J. MRCS, LSA (1878) History of the Fylde of Lancashire, Fleetwood and Blackpool, W. Porter and Sons Publisher, Chapter VII – The Monumemts and Inscriptions in the Church and Churchyard at Kirkham.
  8. ^ a b c d e The Church Building, St Michael's, Kirkham, retrieved 1 March 2008 
  9. ^ a b c d Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 355, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  10. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 213, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  11. ^ a b Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes, p. 209 
  12. ^ The Spire, St Michael's, Kirkham, retrieved 1 March 2008 
  13. ^ Kirkham St. Michael, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 15 August 2008 
  14. ^ Kirkham S Michael, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 15 August 2008 
  15. ^ English Heritage. "Sundial in churchyard circa 20 metres south of the south porch of the Church of St Michael, Kirkham (1072022)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Tomb of Edward and Dorothy King in churchyard circa 50 metres south east of the porch of the Church of St Michael, Kirkham (1072023)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
  17. ^ English Heritage. "Tomb of Edward and Elizabeth Birley in churchyard circa 50 metres south east of the porch of the Church of St Michael, Kirkham (1163974)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
  18. ^ English Heritage. "Tomb of William Birley and others in churchyard circa 50 metres south east of the porch of the Church of St Michael, Kirkham (1362358)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2012 .
  19. ^ KIRKHAM (ST. MICHAEL) CHURCHYARD AND EXTENSION, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 15 February 2013 

External links[edit]