St Michael's Church, Pennington
|St Michael's Church, Pennington|
|Church of St Michael and the Holy Angels, Pennington|
St Michael's Church, Pennington, from the south
|OS grid reference||SD 263,774|
|Website||St Michael, Pennington|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
|Designated||5 March 1990|
|Materials||Stone, slate roofs|
|Archdeaconry||Westmorland and Furness|
|Vicar(s)||Revd Gary Tubbs|
St Michael's Church is in the village of Pennington, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Furness, the archdeaconry of Westmorland and Furness, and the diocese of Carlisle. Its benefice is united with those of Holy Trinity, Bardsea, and St Peter, Lindal and Marton. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
The church stands on an ancient site, but the oldest parts of the present church are the nave and the tower that were built in 1826–27. In 1917 the Lancaster architect Henry Paley of Austin and Paley prepared plans for a complete rebuilding of the church, but this was considered to be too expensive. Further plans were made that involved adding a polygonal chancel, removing the ceiling, opening the tower arch, inserting new windows, reseating the church, and carrying out a general restoration of the existing building. This was completed for the church's centenary at a cost of £5,708 (£290,000 as of 2015). In 1934 the same architect added an organ chamber and a new aisle at a cost of £666.
St Michael's is constructed in stone rubble with ashlar dressings, and has slate roofs. Its plan consists of a four-bay nave, a south porch, an apsidal chancel, a south organ chamber with an aisle, and a west tower. The tower has diagonal buttresses, a two-light west window, straight-headed bell openings, and an embattled parapet. The nave windows have two-lights and straight heads, and contain Decorated tracery. The east window has five lights, and the window in the organ chamber has three lights. Inset into the wall of the inner entrance to the church is a Norman tympanum carved with runes, and the image of Christ and a cross. There are also damaged Norman capitals built into the porch, and fragments of carved stones elsewhere inside the church. The octagonal font is medieval and is tulip-shaped. All the stained glass was made by Powell. The two-manual pipe organ was made by Jardine and Company of Manchester.
- St Michael & The Holy Angels, Pennington, Church of England, retrieved 23 August 2012
- Historic England, "Church of St Michael, Pennington (1086797)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 August 2012
- Hyde & Pevsner 2010, p. 564.
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 251.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 254.
- Lancashire (Cumbria), Pennington, St. Michael and the Holy Angels (G00116), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 23 August 2012
- Historic England, "Sundial approximately 12.5 metres south of St Michael's church, Pennington (1311419)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 August 2012
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2010) , Cumbria, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1
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