St Mungo's Church, Dearham

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St Mungo's Church, Dearham

St Mungo's Church, Dearham, from the southwest
St Mungo's Church, Dearham is located in Cumbria
St Mungo's Church, Dearham
St Mungo's Church, Dearham
Location in Cumbria
Coordinates: 54°42′50″N 3°26′28″W / 54.7140°N 3.4412°W / 54.7140; -3.4412
OS grid reference NY 072 363
Location Dearham, Cumbria
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Dearham, St Mungo
History
Dedication Saint Mungo
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 3 March 1967
Architect(s) C. J. Ferguson (north aisle)
Architectural type Church
Style Norman, Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking Late 12th century
Completed 1882
Specifications
Materials Sandstone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Dearham
Deanery Solway
Archdeaconry West Cumberland
Diocese Carlisle
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Canon Mary Day

St Mungo's Church, Dearham, is in the village of Dearham, Cumbria, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Solway, the archdeaconry of West Cumberland, and the diocese of Carlisle.[1] The church has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

St Mungo's dates from the late 12th century, and the chancel was added in the 13th century.[3] The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner was of the opinion that the Norman features, including the south door and some windows, date from about 1170–90, and that the tunnel vault in the lowest stage of the tower is also from this period or "a little later".[4] The north aisle was added by C. J. Ferguson in 1882.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in sandstone with green slate roofs.[2] The foundations incorporate stones from former Roman buildings.[3] Its plan consists of a three-bay nave with a north aisle and south porch, and a two-bay chancel at a lower level. At the west end is a square tower in three storeys. It has a two-light west window and two-light bell openings, and other small windows on each face.[2] It is possible that this was a pele tower.[3] The roofs have coped gables and cross finials. In the nave and the aisle the windows date from the 19th century, while the windows in the chancel are original; also in the chancel is a priest's doorway. Medieval graveslabs are built into the wall of the aisle.[2] [5]

Interior[edit]

The font is Norman, and is carved with representations of dragons and various patterns. The roof, fittings and furniture all date from the 19th century.[2] The only stained glass is in the east window; it is by Clayton and Bell and depicts the Ascension.[6] Pevsner refers to the "remarkable collection of Anglo-Danish fragments".[4] These carved stones include a wheel-head cross standing 5 feet 4 inches (1.63 m) high; the Adam stone, with depictions of standing figures holding hands, a bearded head and the word "Adam"; and the Kenneth Cross, commemorating Kenneth/Cenydd, with images of a man on a horse, and a bird facing a man.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dearham, St Mungo, Church of England, retrieved 3 April 2010 
  2. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage. "Church of St Mungo, Dearham (1144506)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 May 2012  .
  3. ^ a b c Pastscape: Church of St Mungo, English Heritage, retrieved 3 April 2010 
  4. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002) [1967], Cumberland and Westmorland, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 120–121, ISBN 0-300-09590-2 
  5. ^ a b Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2010) [1967], Cumbria, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 331, ISBN 978-0-300-12663-1 
  6. ^ a b Dearham - St Mungo's Church, Visit Cumbria, retrieved 3 April 2010