St Newlyn East

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Not to be confused with Newlyn.

Coordinates: 50°22′01″N 5°03′18″W / 50.367°N 5.055°W / 50.367; -5.055

St Newlyn East
St Newlyn East church
Cargoll Farm

St Newlyn East (Cornish: Eglosniwlin) is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately three miles (5 km) south of Newquay.[1] The name St Newlyn East is locally abbreviated to Newlyn East.

The parish is named after the patron saint of the church, St Newlina and the population was 1,390 in the 2001 census[citation needed].

The Lappa Valley Steam Railway tourist attraction operates near Newlyn East. At Trerice is the Tudor mansion of the Arundells now in the care of the National Trust. To the northeast is Tresillian House.

Church of St Newlina and the Manor of Cargoll[edit]

The church was founded in Norman times and rededicated in 1259. Most of the present building is of the 14th and 15th centuries. There is a fine Norman font.[2] Cargoll Farm Barn is a listed 15th century barn which belonged to the manor of Cargoll. This manor and the advowson of the church were purchased by the Bishop of Exeter in 1269 from the Valletorts. The lands of the manor were extensive and it is likely that the bishop's palace within the manor was at Lanner in the parish of St Allen, rather than at Cargoll itself. In 1283 the manor was appropriated by Bishop Peter Quivel to the chancellorship of the cathedral and thereafter several generous gifts were made to the church by the chandellors.[3] At Cargoll a fair and annual market were held from the year 1311 onwards.[4]

East Wheal Rose disaster[edit]

On 9 July 1846 a disaster at the East Wheal Rose mine was caused by an unusually heavy thunderstorm which flooded the mine. Thirty-nine of the miners (mainly inhabitants of the village and its immediate vicinity) were drowned.[5] The mine was eventually closed in 1881.

After the disaster, villagers of St Newlyn East worked together and dug a pit in remembrance of the miners who died. The pit is still there today, and has been used frequently for church meetings and tea gatherings etc. When the pit was actually made, it was also used for Cornish wrestling, and was recently re-dug and made more usable with funding from the National Lottery Fund.

The St. Newlyn East Pit was already in existence at the time of the mining disaster and was used by a local preacher to preach sermons, as it provided shelter when the weather was inclement. It was originally an abandoned quarry. After the mining disaster, the pit was graded into tiers and dedicated to the memory of those who died in the disaster. It was restored with the aid of lottery funds in about 2003. More recently, the lease was taken over by the Parish Council and a new Management Committee formed to manage and promote the use of the Pit.[citation needed]

St. Newlyn East Wartime Weekend[edit]

St. Newlyn East is known for the annual St. Newlyn East Wartime Weekend which takes place at the village recreational field and village hall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  2. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin Books; p. 199
  3. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 171
  4. ^ Samantha Letters, "Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516: Cornwall"
  5. ^ "The West Briton Newspaper: transcription of article from 17 July 1846.". Julia Mosman & Rita Kopp. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 

External links[edit]