St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell

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St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell
A stone church with a brick porch seen from the south.  To the left are the remains of the collapsed tower.  The clerestory contains three windows and six carved panels.
St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell, from the south
St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell is located in Norfolk
St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell
St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell
Location in Norfolk
Coordinates: 52°29′21″N 0°31′15″E / 52.4891°N 0.5209°E / 52.4891; 0.5209
OS grid reference TL 712 909
Location Feltwell, Norfolk
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
History
Dedication Saint Nicholas
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 8 July 1959
Architectural type Church
Style Saxon, Norman, Gothic
Groundbreaking c. 683
Specifications
Length 36 feet (11.0 m)
Width 48 feet (14.6 m)
Materials Body: flint and brick with ashlar dressings
Tower: ferruginous conglomerate
Roofs tiled
Porch: brick

St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell, is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Feltwell, Norfolk, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] It has a partly collapsed west tower, and is unusual in being broader than it is long, having two side aisles and no chancel.[3]

History[edit]

The original church on the site was built in about 683. This was partly demolished and rebuilt in about 1072. The aisles, clerestory and an octagonal top to the tower were added in the 15th century.[3] In the latter half of that century the church was damaged by fire, and it was repaired in 1491;[4] however, by the 16th century it had fallen into decay.[3] In 1805 it was described as being 36 feet (11.0 m) long and, including the aisles, 48 feet (14.6 m) wide. The chancel was 27 feet (8.2 m) by 17 feet (5.2 m), the church had a thatched roof, and it was approached up two steps. The tower was round at the bottom and octagonal at the top, and contained five small bells.[4]

The church was restored in 1830, although the chancel was demolished in 1862. The parish had been united with that of St Mary's Church in the village in 1805, and St Nicholas' closed for services other than funerals in about 1864. In 1898, when it was being repaired, the tower collapsed, and it has not been rebuilt. During the Second World War the church was used as a place of worship for German prisoners of war. It was declared redundant in 1973 and vested in the Churches Conservation Trust in 1975. It is now cared for by the Feltwell Historical and Archaeological Society on behalf of the Trust, and is used for two services each year.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The body of the church is constructed in flint and brick with ashlar stone dressings. The roofs are slated. The remains of the tower are in ferruginous conglomerate, and the porch is built in brick.[1][3] Its plan consists of a nave with north and south aisles, a south porch, and the remains of a west tower.[1] The remains of the tower and the west wall of the church are Saxon. Most of the church is in Perpendicular style.[3] In the west wall of the south aisle is a two-light window. The porch is gabled with diagonal buttresses and has blocked square-headed side windows. In the south and east walls walls of the south aisle are two-light windows. The south wall of the clerestory contains three two-light Perpendicular windows. These are flanked by six flushwork panels carved with decorated letters and designs.[1] The first panel from the left is decorative, and the next one is carved with the letters 'S' and 't' surmounted by a crown. The next three panels spell out the names or initials of either the churchwardens at the time, or a pair of benefactors. The panel on the right bears a chequer pattern. Above the last panel is a gleaners' bell.[3] The Perpendicular three-light east window was moved from the original chancel when it was demolished. There is a two-light Perpendicular window in the east wall of the north aisle, and a three-light window in the north wall. Also in the north wall is a doorway over which is a churchwardens' plaque dated 1830. The windows in the north wall of the clerestory are similar to those in the south wall, without any intervening panels.[1]

Interior[edit]

The porch has stone benches along each side, and to the right of the doorway are what are thought to be the remains of a stoup. The interior of its roof is ornate, and has spandrels carved with foliage. Inside the church are two three-bay arcades. The south arcade dates from the 13th century and is carried on quatrefoil piers. The north arcade is from the 15th century, its piers being lozenge-shaped in section.[1] The semicircular tower arch is massive and Norman in style.[1][2] In the south aisle is a piscina with a cinquefoil head.[1] Along the wall of the north aisle is set a seat, which was used when the church contained no other seating. Also in the north aisle is a stone coffin with a cross on its lid, which was dug up outside the north door in 1830.[3] A Norman pilaster carved with chevrons has been re-set into the wall to the left of the altar.[1][3]

The wooden crucifix on the altar was carved by a German prisoner of war. The font was moved from a church in Stanton, Suffolk in 1962–63, the costs of transporting and re-erecting this being borne by the Royal Air Force. The pulpit came from St Martin's Church, Cambridge, as a gift about the same time.[3] The single-manual organ was made by G. M. Holdich of London in 1840. It was moved here from St Mary's Church in the village in 1925 and was restored in 1977.[3][5] When the tower collapsed, three of the five bells were damaged beyond repair. One of the surviving bells was dedicated to Saint Etheldreda and presented to Ely Cathedral. The other bell was sold and is now in St Mark's Church, Gabalfa, Cardiff. In 1970 the tongues (clappers) of the three destroyed bells were restored and attached to the west wall of the church.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Church of St Nicholas, Feltwell", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 14 May 2011 
  2. ^ a b St Nicholas' Church, Feltwell, Norfolk, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 24 March 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cooper, Peter, Guide to St Nicholas Church, Feltwell, Norfolk, Feltwell Historical and Archaeological Society, retrieved 3 January 2011 
  4. ^ a b Blomefield, Francis (1805), Hundred of Grimeshou: Feltwell, An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk 2, British History Online, pp. 187–200, retrieved 3 January 2011 
  5. ^ Norfolk, Feltwell: St. Nicholas (R00825), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 3 January 2011 

External links[edit]