St Nicholas' Church, Wrea Green
|St Nicholas' Church, Wrea Green|
St Nicholas' Church, Wrea Green, from the south
|OS grid reference||SD 397,316|
|Location||Wrea Green, Lancashire|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
|Designated||11 June 1986|
|Architect(s)||Sharpe and Paley,
Paley and Austin
|Groundbreaking||(original church 1721)
|Parish||Ribby cum Wrea
|Priest(s)||Rev R. W. Marks|
|Reader(s)||Mrs B. Cooper-Longworth,
Mr A. Brindle
|Churchwarden(s)||Mr T. Slater,
Mr J. W. Dobson
St Nicholas' Church, Wrea Green, is located in the village of Wrea Green, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Kirkham, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of St Matthew, Ballam, and St Michael, Weeton. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.
In 1721 the trustees of Nicolas Sharples' charity bought a plot of ground in the village from a Jane Whiteside and erected on it a small chapel, paid for by funds they had raised amongst themselves. The church was licensed for services in 1722 and was consecrated by the Bishop of Chester on 20 June 1755. In 1846 an order in council added to the township of Ribby with Wrea the township of Westby (without the two Plumptons) and formed them into the new parish of Ribby with Wrea, making it a perpetual curacy. In 1869 it became a titlar vicarge. The small chapel was pulled down and on 13 May 1848 the new vicar, G L Parsons, laid the foundation stone for the present structure.
The church was rebuilt in 1848–49 by the Lancaster architects Sharpe and Paley at a cost of about £1,600 (£140,000 as of 2015). It opened on 23 September 1849 but was not consecrated until 4 May 1855. In 1857 the pulpit, organ chamber, vestry, and stalls were added, but the architect responsible for this is not known. The steeple was added in 1884 by the successors in the same practice, Paley and Austin at a cost of £1,300. In 1931–32 Henry Paley of the same practice, now called Austin and Paley, added a marble floor to the chancel, new steps, and new choir seats. In 2007 a fully equipped Community Centre was added to the west end of the church.
St Nicholas' church is constructed in sandstone rubble and has blue slate roofs. Its architectural style is Early English. The plan consists of a four-bay nave, with a tower attached to its south side, and a chancel with two short bays. The tower is in three stages and has a south doorway and a polygonal stair turret at its northwest corner. The middle stage contains a gabled niche containing a statue, and in the top stage are three-light louvred bell openings. On the tower is a broach spire with a two-light lucarne on each cardinal side. The windows in each bay of the nave consist of a pair of lancet windows with a circular window at the top. In the chancel is a three-light east window containing Geometrical tracery, and two double lancets on the south side. The west window consists of a double lancet above which is a sexfoil rose window.
Inside the church is a carved and gilded reredos and a stone pulpit. The east window contains stained glass by Shrigley and Hunt. The two-manual pipe organ was made in 1988 by Sixsmith, replacing an earlier organ by T. and C. Lane dating from about 1880.
- List of works by Sharpe and Paley
- List of ecclesiastical works by Paley and Austin
- List of ecclesiastical works by Austin and Paley (1916–44)
- St Nicholas, Ribby w Wrea, Church of England, retrieved 12 August 2011
- English Heritage. "Church of St Nicholas, Ribby with Wrea (1072037)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Porter 1878, Chapter III.
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 215..
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 215.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 235.
- Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 253.
- "NEIGHBOURHOOD PLAN FOR RIBBY-WITH-WREA Parish and WREA GREEN VILLAGE, JUNE 2011 at wreagreen.com
- Hughes 2010, p. 221.
- Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 571.
- Lancashire, Wrea Green, St. Nicholas (S00084), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 12 August 2011
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , The Buildings of England. Lancashire: North, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
- Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes
- Porter, J. (1878), History of the Fylde of Lancashire, Fleetwood and Blackpool: W. Porter and Sons