St Oswald's Church, Winwick

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St Oswald's Church, Winwick
St Oswald's Church, Winwick, from the south
St Oswald's Church, Winwick is located in Cheshire
St Oswald's Church, Winwick
St Oswald's Church, Winwick
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°25′51″N 2°35′52″W / 53.4308°N 2.5979°W / 53.4308; -2.5979
OS grid reference SJ 604,928
Location Winwick, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Oswald's Winwick
History
Dedication St Oswald
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 9 August 1966
Architect(s) A. W. N. Pugin (1847–49)
Paley and Austin (1869)
Henry Paley (1931–34)
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Completed 1849
Specifications
Materials Sandstone
Administration
Parish Winwick
Deanery Winwick
Archdeaconry Warrington
Diocese Liverpool
Province York
Clergy
Rector Revd Canon June L. Steventon
Curate(s) Revd H.Greenhalgh

St Oswald's Church, Winwick, is in the village of Winwick, Cheshire, England. The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Warrington and the deanery of Winwick.[2]

History[edit]

A church at Winwick is recorded in the Domesday Book.[3] The earliest parts of the present church are the bases of the north arcade which date from the early 13th century, and the walls of the Legh Chapel and the organ chamber which are dated 1330. The west tower was built in 1358, and the walls and north arcade of the nave (except for the Legh Chapel and the organ chamber) date from 1580.[1] Much damage was done to the church in 1648 when Oliver Cromwell stationed his troops in the church after the Battle of Red Bank.[3] The south porch was added in 1720, and the south arcade of the nave was rebuilt in 1836 reusing earlier stones. The chancel, sanctuary and vestry were rebuilt by Pugin in 1847–49 for the 13th Earl of Derby.[1] The spire was rebuilt and the church was restored in 1869 by the Lancaster partnership of Paley and Austin.[4] On Thursday 13 January 1887, Titanic Captain Edward Smith married Sarah Eleanor Pennington in the church.[5] In 1931–32 Henry Paley successor in the Lancaster architectural practice, now known as Austin and Paley, restored the tower at a cost of £463, and in 1934 he added a new vestry, porch and entrance at a cost of £232.[6]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is built of sandstone with a metal, stainless steel, roof. Its plan consists of a west tower, a nave of six bays with a clerestory, north and south aisles, a south porch, a chapel in the east bay of each aisle, a chancel and sanctuary of three bays, and a north vestry.[1] The south chapel is the Legh Chapel and the north chapel belonged to the Gerard family.[7] The tower is in three stages and has a recessed spire. On the west face is a door above which is a three-light window. On each side of the window are niches containing restored statues of Saints Anthony and Oswald. To the right of Saint Anthony is a carved pig. On the west and east sides are clock faces. Above these are two-light bell openings; the parapet is crenellated. The parapet of the north aisle is plain; that of the south aisle is crenellated. On the west gable of the chancel is a bellcote.[1]

Interior[edit]

The nave and aisles have camber beam panelled oak roofs dated 1711. The Legh Chapel has a 16th-century panelled roof. In the Legh Chapel is a brass to Sir Peter Legh dated 1527. Also in the chapel are monuments to other members of the Legh family, including one to Mrs Ellen Legh who died in 1831 by R. J. Wyatt. In the Gerrard Chapel is a damaged font dating from around 1400, and a brass to Peter Gerard who died in 1495.[1] Beneath the floor of this chapel is the family vault but this has not been used since the Reformation. At the east end is a communion table dated 1725. On the north wall is an aumbry.[3] On a window-ledge in the Gerard Chapel is the cross-arm of an Anglo-Saxon preaching cross dating from around 750.[3][8] The pews, furnishings and glass in the chancel and sanctuary were designed by Pugin.[1] The timber screen between the nave and the tower was erected in 1920 as a First World War memorial.[3] The organ was built around 1838, probably by Rushworth and Dreaper of Liverpool. Since then Rushworth and Dreaper have made various additions.[9] There is a ring of six bells. Five of these were cast from the four existing bells in 1711 by Richard Sanders, and the sixth in 1882 is by John Taylor and Company.[10]

Churchyard[edit]

Two World War I soldiers buried in the churchyard are commemorated by special memorial erected by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.[11]

St Oswald's Well[edit]

About 1 mile (1.6 km) to the north of the church in a field alongside the A573 road between Winwick and Golborne at Hermitage Green is a holy well dedicated to St Oswald (grid reference SJ607941).[3] It is lined with medieval stonework and is covered by a protective stone slab.[12] The well is a scheduled monument,[13][14] and is listed at Grade II.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g English Heritage. "Church of St Oswald, Winwick (1278428)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2012 .
  2. ^ St Oswald, Winwick, Church of England, retrieved 18 October 2009 
  3. ^ a b c d e f History, St Oswald, Winwick, retrieved 12 December 2007 
  4. ^ Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, p. 89, ISBN 1-86220-054-8 
  5. ^ St Oswald's Titanic Connection, St Oswald's Church, Winwick, retrieved 9 November 2012 
  6. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 253, 254, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  7. ^ Winwick, St Oswald, Lancashire Churches, retrieved 6 August 2007 
  8. ^ St Oswald (Winwick), The Megalithic Portal, retrieved 12 December 2007 
  9. ^ Winwick St. Oswald, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 15 August 2008 
  10. ^ Winwick S Oswald, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 15 August 2008 
  11. ^ WINWICK (ST. OSWALD) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 4 February 2013 
  12. ^ St Oswald's Well (Winwick), The Megalithic Portal, retrieved 13 December 2007 
  13. ^ St Oswald's Well, Cheshire County Council, retrieved 5 April 2009 
  14. ^ English Heritage. "St Oswald's Well, 150m south of Woodhead (1018082)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2012 .
  15. ^ English Heritage. "St Oswalds Well in field to south of Woodhead Farmhouse, Winwick (1343263)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 May 2012 .