St Patrick's Basilica, Fremantle

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St Patrick's Basilica
Church building
Basilica of St Patrick's, Fremantle
Basic information
Location Fremantle
Geographic coordinates Coordinates: 32°03′03″S 115°45′00″E / 32.0509°S 115.7500°E / -32.0509; 115.7500
Affiliation Catholic Church
State Western Australia
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Minor Basilica
Status Active
Heritage designation 1980 (National Trust)
1995 (State Register of Heritage Places in WA)
Leadership Father Tony Maher[1]
Patron Saint Patrick
Website fremantlestpatricks.org.au
Architectural description
Architect(s) Michael Cavanagh
Architectural style Federation Gothic

Basilica of St Patrick is a Roman Catholic church located on Adelaide Street in Fremantle, Western Australia. It is one of five churches in Australia with minor basilica status.[2]

History[edit]

The parish of St Patrick Fremantle was created around 1850. In 1894, the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate arrived in Australia from Ireland and the parish was given to their care. Here, they established their first community. In 1994, they celebrated a century of ministry to the church in Australia, and commissioned the current church as an icon in Fremantle as part of their celebrations.[3]

Designed by Michael Cavanagh in a gothic revival style, the foundation stone was laid on St Patrick’s Day, 17 March 1898 and the nave opened on 3 June 1900. The design incorporated a nave with aisles and clerestory, transepts, a wide and spacious apse, with a tower and spire supported by flying buttresses rising from the northern side. Only the nave was initially completed. A new sanctuary of equivalent scale was opened on 24 April 1960.

The building was raised to the status of a minor basilica in 1994.[4] It is also a heritage listed building [5] The Presbytery is also listed [6]

Blessing of the fleet[edit]

The parish is also linked into the annual blessing of the fleet in Fremantle [7][8]

Pipe organ[edit]

The original two manual organ was by Bishop & Son, of London, supplied in 1895. J.E. Dodd & Sons Gunstar Organ Works electrified this organ in the 1960s and they divided the case and provided some extensions. The present organ dates from 1988-90 and was built by Bellsham Pipe Organs (Aust.) Pty Ltd and incorporated some of the pipework and chests from the Bishop organ. Apart from the divided Grand Organ in the west gallery, it incorporated an interconnected two-manual organ in the south transept. The organs were given as a thanksgiving in memory of the many priests of the Congregation of Oblates of Mary Immaculate who have served the parish since their arrival from Ireland in 1894. This instrument was extensively rebuilt and enlarged by the South Island Organ Company Ltd, of Timaru, New Zealand, with Rod Junor as consultant, and resulted from a generous gift by the Hughes family in memory of Alice Hughes. The work was completed for Easter 1998 and represents the largest parish church organ in Australasia. The work carried out was extensive, involving the complete reorganisation and expansion of the internal layout, with several new divisions, additional pipework and complete revoicing, new winding system, new serial drive MIDI electrical and combination systems, made by Muldersoft of Auckland, and a new low profile transept console. The Grand Organ has 4 manuals and pedal, and 109 stops, while the Transept Organ has 2 manuals & pedal.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Priests". Parish of St Patrick's Fremantle. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  2. ^ GCatholic.org
  3. ^ www.fremantlestpatricks.com.au - History
  4. ^ Organ Historical Trust of Australia
  5. ^ Kelsall Binet Architects; Heritage Council of Western Australia; Catholic Church. Parish of St. Patrick's (Fremantle, W.A.) (2000), Basilica of St. Patrick, Fremantle : conservation plan, distributed by the Heritage Council of W.A.], retrieved 20 November 2012 
  6. ^ Considine and Griffiths Architects; Chinnery, Robin; Heritage Council of Western Australia (1998), St. Patrick's Presbytery, Fremantle conservation plan : for the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Perth on behalf of the Oblate Order, Heritage Society of W.A.], retrieved 20 November 2012 
  7. ^ Wayne, Anne (1997), "Spirituality and its spatial dimensions: the parish of St Patrick's Church, Fremantle 1948/ 1962", Studies in Western Australian History (17): 92–103, ISSN 0314-7525 
  8. ^ "Blessing the Italian Fishing fleet.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 11 September 1950. p. 4. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.ohta.org.au/confs/WA/StPats.html
Foundation stone of St Patrick's

See also[edit]

External links[edit]