St Patrick's Church, Liverpool

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St Patrick's Church, Liverpool
St Patrick's Church, Liverpool, from the northwest
St Patrick's Church, Liverpool is located in Liverpool
St Patrick's Church, Liverpool
St Patrick's Church, Liverpool
Location in Liverpool
Coordinates: 53°23′32″N 2°58′18″W / 53.3921°N 2.9716°W / 53.3921; -2.9716
Location Park Place, Liverpool, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Dedication Saint Patrick
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 14 March 1975
Architect(s) John Slater
Architectural type Church
Style Neoclassical
Groundbreaking 1821
Completed 1827
Specifications
Materials Brick with stone dressings, slate roof
Administration
Diocese Liverpool
Clergy
Priest(s) Revd John Southworth

St Patrick's Church is a Roman Catholic parish church in Park Place, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is an active parish church in the Archdiocese of Liverpool and the Pastoral Area of Liverpool South.[1] The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[2]

History[edit]

St Patrick's was built between 1821 and 1827, and designed by John Slater.[3] A baldachino was erected inside the church in 1953.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in brick on a stone base, with stone dressings and slate roofs. It is in Neoclassical style, with two tiers of round-headed casement windows. The plan is rectangular, with a short two-storey transept on each side, and a low block at the east end containing vestries. A square louvred belfry stands on the roof of the north transept. A stone band runs round the church between the storeys, and around the top is a frieze and a cornice. The west end is in four bays. Above the windows in the lower storey is a plaque. The central two windows in the upper storey are blind, and between them is the free-standing statue of Saint Patrick on a plinth.[2][3] The statue was moved from the St Patrick Insurance Company building in Dublin in 1827, when it was presented to the church by James Branker, a sugar refiner.[3] At the top of the west front is a pedimented gable, which contains a Calvary cross.[2] On the west sides of each transept is a porch fronted by four Greek Doric columns.[3]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church are galleries on three sides, supported by cast iron columns. The area under the west gallery has been partitioned to form a separate area. The plaster ceiling is segmental and panelled. At the centre is a roundel carved with foliage, and surrounded by a Greek key border. At the east end is a baldachino surrounded by large Corinthian columns and an elaborate entablature. On the east wall above the altar is a large painting of the Crucifixion executed in about 1834 by Nicaise de Keyser of Antwerp. On each side of the baldachino are niches containing statues of Saint Matthew and Saint Mark.[2][3] The three-manual pipe organ is in the west gallery. It was built by Bishop in 1827, rebuilt in 1927 by Rushworth and Dreaper, and rebuilt and extended in 1953, again by Rushworth and Dreaper.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liverpool South, Archdiocese of Liverpool, retrieved 25 April 2013 
  2. ^ a b c d e Historic England, "Chapel of Saint Patrick, Liverpool (1365832)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 25 April 2013 
  3. ^ a b c d e Sharples, Joseph; Pollard, Richard (2004), Liverpool, Pevsner Architectural Guides, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 271–272, ISBN 0-300-10258-5 
  4. ^ Lancashire (Merseyside), Liverpool, St. Patrick, 22 Park Place (N00180), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 April 2013