St. Pauli

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This article is about the location. For the football team, see FC St. Pauli. For other uses, see Saint Paul (disambiguation).
St. Pauli
Quarter of Hamburg
Landungsbrücken and the port of Hamburg
Landungsbrücken and the port of Hamburg
St. Pauli is located in Germany
St. Pauli
St. Pauli
Coordinates: 53°33′25″N 9°57′50″E / 53.55694°N 9.96389°E / 53.55694; 9.96389Coordinates: 53°33′25″N 9°57′50″E / 53.55694°N 9.96389°E / 53.55694; 9.96389
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Area
 • Total 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2005)
 • Total 27,612
 • Density 11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

St. Pauli (Sankt Pauli; German pronunciation: [ˌzaŋkt ˈpaʊli]), located in the Hamburg-Mitte borough, is one of the 105 quarters of the city of Hamburg, Germany. Situated on the right bank of the Elbe river, the Landungsbrücken are a northern part of the port of Hamburg. St. Pauli contains a world famous red light district around the street Reeperbahn. In 2006 the population was 27,612.

History[edit]

At the beginning of the 17th century it developed as a suburb called 'Hamburger Berg' (Hamburg mountain) outside the gates of the nearby city of Hamburg and close to the city of Altona. The name comes from a hill in that area that was planed by Hamburg in 1620 for defence reasons (free field of fire for the artillery). Therefore, settlement was initially allowed there, but soon businesses, which were not desired inside Hamburg, e.g. for their smell or noise, were relegated to 'Hamburger Berg'. Also the rope makers (or 'Reeper' in Low German) went here because in the city it was hard to find enough space for their work. The name of St. Pauli's most famous street Reeperbahn, or "Rope Walk," harkens back to its rope making past. When people were officially allowed to live in St. Pauli at the end of the 17th century the city government moved workhouses and (pestilence) hospitals out of the city to 'Hamburger Berg,' which later was named after its church, 'St. Pauli' (Saint Paul).

There have been various social fights during the last decades (examples are Hafenstraße, Rote Flora and Bambule).

The annual fair "Hamburger Dom" at night.

Geography[edit]

It is situated directly on the north bank of the Elbe river close to the port of Hamburg. It is located south to Eimsbüttel, west of Hamburg-Neustadt and east of Altona. According to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter has total area of 2.6 km2 (1 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

St. Pauli has 27,612 inhabitants in more than 17,000 households.[1] Immigrants were 27.9% of the population.[2] There were 11.9% with children under the age of 18 and 9.3% of the inhabitants were 65 years of age or older.[2] 63.4% of all households were made up of individuals.[1]

Landungsbrücken in 1900

Education[edit]

The Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine (BNI) is located in the Bernhard Nocht Straße 7. It is a research center for tropical and infectious diseases and provides an information center about health risks, vaccinations and medical data about other countries for tourism and travel advice. The former in the Bernhard Nocht Straße located hospital department is now in the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Martinistraße 52. BNI website

In 2006 there were two elementary schools and a secondary school in St. Pauli.[3]

Culture and recreation[edit]

A floodlit Millerntor-Stadion

A prominent symbol is its football club, FC St. Pauli and the Millerntor-Stadion. The club played host to the inaugural FIFI Wild Cup in May–June 2006.
In 2010 the FC St. Pauli was one hundred years old. To the jubilee the Fan club 18auf12 had recorded a song: One Hundred Beers (Words and music by Henning Knorr & Christoph Brüx).[4]

St. Pauli has a long tradition as a recreation and amusement centre. The big port of Hamburg led many sailors to Hamburg who preferably spent their spare time (as long as their ships were unloaded and loaded again) in this area. Since then there has been prostitution in St. Pauli, and it is still best known as Hamburg's red-light district. The red-light district is an area of a few streets around the street Reeperbahn often referred to as the Kiez.

Bars and music clubs have a tradition in the Kiez St. Pauli. The Beatles lived in St. Pauli and played at the Star-Club before becoming famous. Singer and actor Hans Albers is strongly associated with St. Pauli, providing the neighbourhood's unofficial anthem, with "Auf der Reeperbahn Nachts um Halb Eins" ("On the Reeperbahn at half past midnight") from the movie Große Freiheit Nr. 7.

The district is referenced in the song "St Pauli" by Art Brut, which also contains the lyrics "Punk rock ist nicht tot" ("punk rock is not dead").

The Swedish post-industrial rock band Sällskapet's song Nordlicht talks about a pub in the area. The song contains detailed instructions supposedly leading to the location of the pub.

The Guardian counted St. Pauli to the five best places to live in the world.[5]

Voluntary associations (range)[edit]

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency

Infrastructure[edit]

The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency Bundesamt für Seeschiffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) is located in Bernhard Nocht Str. 78. The BSH is a federal authority coming under the jurisdiction of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs. Among other things, it provides information of all matters of maritime shipping, to special funding programmes, law of flag, certification of mariners and informations of the coasts and coastal waters of Germany. Official website BSH

Transportation[edit]

Bridge used by underground railway

The rapid transit system services St. Pauli with the city train stations Landungsbrücken and Reeperbahn and the underground railway stations Landungsbrücken, St. Pauli and Feldstrasse. Public transport is also provided by buses and ferries to the other bank of the Elbe river.

As of 2006, according to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5487 private cars were registered in St. Pauli.[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b residents registration office (1999) (Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein)
  2. ^ a b residents registration office (31 December 2005) (Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein)
  3. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  4. ^ One Hundred Beers website of the fan club 18auf12 14.11.2010
  5. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/money/2012/jan/20/five-best-places-to-live-in-world?INTCMP=SRCH
  6. ^ integrative living project 15.11.2010
  7. ^ Website of the culture association LINDA e.V am 15.11.2010
  8. ^ website of the IG St. Pauli, Voluntary associations 15.11.2010
  9. ^ website of Jugend und Sport 15.11.2010
  10. ^ viva con agua 15.11.2010
  11. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein

See also[edit]

  • Reeperbahn, a street in the quarter St. Pauli (the so-called red-light district).

References[edit]

External links[edit]