St Peter Mancroft

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St Peter Mancroft, Norwich
St Peter Mancroft.
52°37′40″N 1°17′33″E / 52.62778°N 1.29250°E / 52.62778; 1.29250Coordinates: 52°37′40″N 1°17′33″E / 52.62778°N 1.29250°E / 52.62778; 1.29250
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Low Church
Website www.stpetermancroft.org.uk
History
Dedication Saint Peter
Administration
Parish Norwich, St Peter Mancroft
Diocese Norwich
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Vicar(s) The Rev'd Canon Peter W Nokes
The Rev'd Janet Wyer
Laity
Organist/Director of music Jody Butler
Organist(s) Julian Haggett

St Peter Mancroft is a parish church in the Church of England, in the centre of Norwich, Norfolk. After the two cathedrals, it is the largest church in Norwich and was built between 1430 and 1455.[1] It stands on a slightly elevated position, next to the market place.[2]

St Peter Mancroft is a member of the Greater Churches Group.

Description[edit]

The present building was begun in 1430, on the site of an existing church, and consecrated in 1455. It is an ambitious building, 180 feet long and ashlar faced with a tower at the west end.[2]

It has a Norman foundation dating from 1075, a 1463 font, a 1573 Flemish tapestry, medieval glass and a memorial to its most famous parishioner Thomas Browne, author of Religio Medici.[3] The small lead-covered spire with flying buttresses was added by A.E. Street in 1896.[2]

In 1850 two L-shaped trenches accommodating a number of acoustic jars were discovered beneath the wooden floor on which the choir stalls had previously stood. The earthenware jars were built into its walls at intervals of about three feet, with the mouths facing into the trenches.[4]

Bells[edit]

St Peter Mancroft has a ring of fourteen Whitechapel bells in the western tower, eleven of which date from 1775 and the latest of which dates from 1997. St Peter Mancroft is important in the history of change ringing because in 1715, 5040 changes of Plain Bob Triples were rung for the first time, in 3 hours and 17 minutes, as recorded in an inscription in the tower. Subsequently, the first complete peals to the change ringing systems known as Grandsire and Stedman were also rung in St Peter Mancroft.

Supernatural folklore is linked to the bells in St Peter Mancroft. In the story "Our Bells" authored by Mark Knights, which featured in the undated booklet (circa 1894) "Norfolk Stories", Knight writes:

This story was suggested by a visit to the steeple of St Peter Mancroft many years ago - when Mr P. Back was churchwarden - on the invitation of the late Mr Potter, father of Mr Potter, the present sexton.

The story tells of how a nobleman, fallen upon hard times, unwittingly tries to rob his own brother, but stays his hand after hearing the moving and beautiful Christmas Eve peal of bells. He subsequently assists in the ringing of the New Year's Eve peal, and bequeaths a sum of money to ensure that a jug of spiced ale is made available to future bell-ringers on that date. The story is recounted by a ghostly descendant of the sexton who was in residence when these events occurred.

Incumbents[edit]

Nave and chancel
  • William Wells 1598 - 1620[5]
  • Thomas Tenison 1670 - 1680
  • Charles John Chapman 1805 - 1826
  • John Bowman 1826 - ????[6]
  • Charles Turner 1848 - ????[7]
  • Sydney Pelham 1879 - 1881
  • Henry Neville 1881 - 1884
  • Frederick Baggalley 1884 - 1890[8]
  • William Pelham Burn 1890 - 1901
  • F.J. Meyrick 1901[9] - 1929
  • John Waddington 1945 - 1958
  • Rev Jarvis 1950 - 1965
  • William John Westwood 1965 - 1975
  • David Sharp 1975 - 1998
  • Peter W Nokes 1999 - current

Choir[edit]

There was once a large male voice choir which disbanded in 2000, though music is still an essential part of worship with the majority of the services being sung by one of the choirs at the Church. The baroque style organ, one of the finest of its kind, means that St Peter Mancroft is also an exceptional concert venue with many concerts being held all the year round.

Organ[edit]

Organ by Peter Collins of 1984

A new organ by Peter Collins was installed in 1984. The specification can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.[10]

Organists[edit]

Assistant organists[edit]

  • Charles Robert Palmer 1899 - 1901[16]
  • W. Percy Jones 1910 - ca. 1921 - ????
  • Andrew Benians
  • Roger Rayner
  • Tim Patient 1990 - 2005

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Peter Mancroft: 360° panorama". BBC. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  2. ^ a b c Wilson, Bill; Nikolaus, Pevsner (2007). Norfolk 1: Norwich and North- East. Buildings of England (second ed.). Yale University Press. pp. 247–50. ISBN 0-300-09607-0. 
  3. ^ "The Historic Churches of Norwich". Norwich Historic Churches Trust. Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  4. ^ Phipson, Makilwane (1863). "Acoustic Pottery". The Builder: 893. 
  5. ^ The New York genealogical and biographical record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 1897
  6. ^ The Clergy list for 1841
  7. ^ The Clergy list ... containing complete lists of the clergy in England. 1866
  8. ^ Biolgraphical History of Gonville and Caius College 1349-1897. p.413
  9. ^ Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 9 November 1901. p.10
  10. ^ National Pipe Organ Register
  11. ^ Restoration cathedral music, 1660-1714 By Ian Spink
  12. ^ Norfolk Chronicle, 18 November 1780, p2, column 4
  13. ^ Norfolk Chronicle, 16 March 1837
  14. ^ Who's Who in Music. Shaw Publishing Co. Ltd. London. First Post-war Edition. 1949/50
  15. ^ http://www.kennethryderfund.org/
  16. ^ Who's Who in Music. Shaw Publishing Co. Ltd. London. First Post-war Edition. 1949/50

External links[edit]