St Peter le Poer

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St Peter Le Poer
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Church of England, earlier Roman Catholic
Architecture
Architect(s) Jesse Gibson
Style Baroque

St Peter le Poer was a church on the west side of Broad Street in the City of London. Of medieval origin, it was rebuilt in 1540, and again in 1792 to a design by Jesse Gibson with a circular nave. It was demolished in 1907.

Early history[edit]

The church, often spelt "St Peter le Poor" was in existence by the end of the twelfth century. The name was traditionally explained as a reference to the poverty of the area - although by the beginning of the nineteenth century it was one of the richest in the City - or to its proximity to the monastery of St Augustine, whose monks professed indigence.[1] The patronage of the church belonged to the dean and chapter of St Paul's Cathedral.[2]

It was rebuilt in 1540, and enlarged on the north side in 1615. In 1630 the steeple was rebuilt,[1] and a west gallery added.[2] The church was 54 feet long and 51 feet wide, with a small tower in the north-west corner. A clock hung from the middle of a beam extending across the road from the church.[2] By the late 18th century the ground level around the church had risen so much that curtains were drawn across the lower parts of the windows during services, to stop passers-by looking through them.[2]

Rebuilding[edit]

The church escaped destruction in the Great Fire of 1666 but had fallen into such poor condition by 1788, that the parishioners obtained an act of parliament to demolish the old church and rebuild it. The new building, to the designs of Jesse Gibson, was consecrated on 19 November 1792. It cost over £4,000, £400 of this being provided by the City.[2] The old church had projected into Broad Street, but the new one was placed further back, over the old churchyard,[1] the site of the medieval chancel becoming part of the roadway. Some of the monuments in the old church were broken up and their brass plates sold to a plumber in the Minories.[2]

The layout of the new church ignored conventional orientatation, having the altar on the north-west side directly opposite the entrance.[2] The nave was circular in plan, about 54 feet across, with a circular niche for the altar and a porch and vestry on the opposite side. A wooden gallery ran all around the church, except at the altar end;[1] supported by brackets concealed in the flooring.[2] The coved ceiling was ornamented with panels, each decorated with a flower. The centre of the ceiling rose into a large lantern, with glass sides.[1] There were no side windows. The interior was described in Britton's Illustrations of the Public Buildings of London as having "more the air of a lecture room than a church".[3]

The church was surrounded by houses, except for the east front in Broad Street, where the entrance facade had four attached columns supporting an entablature and pediment, behind which rose a low square tower, ornamented with pilasters and urns. The round form of the interior was not evident from the street.[3]

Demolition[edit]

As late as 1884 the church received a new Henry Willis organ[4] but, as the City’s resident population declined, it was deemed surplus to requirements and demolished in 1907,[5] under the Union of Benefices Act of 1860.[6] The parish was united with that of St Michael, Cornhill.[7] The proceeds from the sale of the site were used to build St Peter-le-Poer in Barnet, which also received the City church's font, pulpit and panelling.[8] The interior was photographed by the architectural photographer Bedford Lemere shortly before demolition [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Godwin, George; John Britton (1839). The Churches of London: A History and Description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis. London: C. Tilt. Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Allen, Thomas; Wright, Thomas (1839). The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark and Parts Adjacent 3. London: George Virtue. pp. 99–100. 
  3. ^ a b Britton, John; Pugin, A. (1828). Illustrations of the Public Buildings of London: With Historical and Descriptive Accounts of each Edifice 2. London. pp. 72–6. 
  4. ^ Pearce, C.W. (1909). Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations. London: Winthrop Rogers. 
  5. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  6. ^ Sale Of A City Church Site. (News) The Times Wednesday, Jul 03, 1907; pg. 4; Issue 38375; col F
  7. ^ Church of England, Parish of St. Michael Cornhill. - Vestry minute books, including joint meetings for the united parishes 1907. - M0011813CL cited in Hallows, A, ed. (1974). City of London Parish Registers Guide 4. London: Guildhall Library Research. ISBN 0-900422-30-0. 
  8. ^ Davies, Philip (2009). Lost London. London: Transatlantic Press. p. 78. 
  9. ^ English Heritage Archive BL 9954-5 [images online at: http://www.englishheritagearchives.org.uk]

Coordinates: 51°30′54″N 0°05′06″W / 51.5151°N 0.0850°W / 51.5151; -0.0850