St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield

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St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield
St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, from the south
St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield is located in Greater Manchester
St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield
St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield
Location in Greater Manchester
Coordinates: 53°29′09″N 2°38′20″W / 53.4857°N 2.6389°W / 53.4857; -2.6389
OS grid reference SJ 577,990
Location Warrington Road,
Ashton-in-Makerfield, Greater Manchester
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Thomas,
Ashton-in-Makerfield
History
Consecrated 6 July 1893
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 7 December 1966
Architect(s) F. H. Oldham, Henry Paley
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1891
Completed 1930
Specifications
Materials Stone
Administration
Parish St Thomas, Ashton-in-Makerfield
Deanery Wigan
Archdeaconry Warrington
Diocese Liverpool
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Jeremy Thomas
Laity
Reader(s) Malcolm Bold, Scott Campbell, Kevin Dolan, Tim Griffiths,
David Hamlett, Tricia Hancox,
Alan Harrison, John Holden,
Carol Pye, Izzy Shafer
Organist(s) Paul Tushingham
Churchwarden(s) Jim Miller, Alison Foster
Parish administrator Mrs R. Campbell

St Thomas' Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, is located in Warrington Road, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Greater Manchester, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Wigan, the archdeaconry of Warrington, and the diocese of Liverpool. Its benefice is united with that of St Luke, Stubshaw Cross.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[2]

History[edit]

A chapel of ease to St Oswald, Winwick is recorded on the site in 1515; this chapel was rebuilt in 1714.[3] The new chapel, which had a cruciform plan, was consecrated in 1746. It was enlarged in 1782, and again in 1815.[4] This chapel was in Georgian style.[5] The present church was built in 1891–93, and was designed by F. H. Oldham of Manchester, providing seating for about 500 people. The church was consecrated on 6 July 1893 by the Rt Revd J. C. Ryle, Bishop of Liverpool.[6] In 1929–30 the Lancaster architect Henry Paley of Austin and Paley added a new vestry at a cost of £506 (£56,000 as of 2014).[7][8] The tower originally had a saddleback roof, but this was removed in the 1960s.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in stone with a concrete tile roof. Its plan consists of three-bay nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles, a chancel with a north organ chamber, vestries to the south and east, and a west tower. The tower has entrances on the north and south sides, and a four-light west window containing Perpendicular tracery. At the northwest corner is a stair turret. The bell openings are louvred, and paired on the east and west sides; there are clock faces on three sides. The parapet is embattled, with a gargoyle on the east side. Along the sides of the south aisle are pairs of three-light windows, and along the north side the windows have one or two lights. The clerestory windows mainly have three lights. The south vestry has three-light windows, the east window of the chancel has seven lights, and its north window has three lights. The east vestry window is straight-headed with three lights. The organ chamber has a three-light window and a rose window.[2]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church the arcades are carried on octagonal piers without capitals. The chancel arch is decorated with Tudor roses. On the north side of the chancel is a piscina.[2] Removed from the older church are a chandelier, the organ case of 1826, the Royal arms of William IV, and monuments dating back to the 18th century. Most of the stained glass is by A. L. Moore, including the east window of 1897, which celebrates Queen Victoria '​s Diamond Jubilee.[5] The original two-manual pipe organ in the older church was made in 1826 by Bewsher and Fleetwood of Liverpool. It was refurbished in 1890 by Wadsworth of Manchester.[9][10] In 1905 it was moved into the new church and rebuilt by Charles Whiteley of Chester. In 1962 it was moved from its position on the north side of the chancel to a north chapel by Whitely, and in 1988 the organ was refurbished by George Sixsmith.[9][11]

External features[edit]

The primary churchyard contains the war graves of eight service personnel of World War I and three of World War II,[12] and the churchyard extension, in Heath Lane, those of ten service personnel of World War I and four of World War II.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ St Thomas, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Church of England, retrieved 24 August 2012 
  2. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Church of St Thomas, Wigan (1356253)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 24 August 2012 
  3. ^ Early History, St Thomas' and St Luke's Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, retrieved 24 August 2012 
  4. ^ The Old Church, St Thomas' and St Luke's Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, retrieved 24 August 2012 
  5. ^ a b c Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 124, ISBN 0-300-10910-5 
  6. ^ The Re-Building of 1891–1893, St Thomas' and St Luke's Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, retrieved 24 August 2012 
  7. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  8. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 252, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  9. ^ a b The Organ, St Thomas' and St Luke's Church, Ashton-in-Makerfield, retrieved 25 August 2012 
  10. ^ Lancashire (Manchester, Greater), Ashton-in-Makerfield, St. Thomas (R00464), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 August 2012 
  11. ^ Lancashire (Manchester, Greater), Ashton-in-Makerfield, St. Thomas (R00465), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 August 2012 
  12. ^ ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD (ST. THOMAS) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 5 February 2013 
  13. ^ ASHTON-IN-MAKERFIELD (ST. THOMAS) CHURCHYARD, HEATH ROAD EXTENSION, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 5 February 2013 

External links[edit]