St Wilfrid's Church, Melling

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St Wilfrid's Church, Melling
St Wilfrid's Church, Melling, from the southeast
St Wilfrid's Church, Melling is located in the City of Lancaster district
St Wilfrid's Church, Melling
St Wilfrid's Church, Melling
Location in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 54°08′05″N 2°36′59″W / 54.1347°N 2.6165°W / 54.1347; -2.6165
OS grid reference SD 599 711
Location Melling, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website St Wilfrid, Melling
History
Dedication Saint Wilfrid
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 4 October 1967
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic, Gothic Revival
Completed 1866
Specifications
Spire height 55 feet (17 m)
Materials Sandstone rubble
Stone slate roof
Administration
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Rector Rev Mark Harrison Cannon

St Wilfrid's Church, Melling, is located in Main Street, Melling, Lancashire, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is an active Anglican church in the united benefice of East Lonsdale,[2] the deanery of Tunstall, the archdeaconry of Lancaster and the diocese of Blackburn. Its benefice is combined with those of St Peter, Leck, St John the Baptist, Tunstall, St James the Less, Tatham, the Good Shepherd, Lowgill, and Holy Trinity, Wray.[3]

History[edit]

The earliest fabric in the church dates from around 1300 or earlier[1] but, as it is near the earthworks of a motte-and-bailey castle, it is possible that a church has been present on the site since the 10th century.[4] Most of the present church dates from the late 15th century,[1] with a restoration in 1763 when the clerestory was added.[5] In 1891 a further restoration was carried out by the Lancaster architects Paley, Austin and Paley. This included reseating the church, and cost £1,100 (£100,000 in 2014).[6][7] A chapel known as the Morley chapel had been created as a chantry from a pre-existing chapel by John Morley who fought at Agincourt in 1415. This was heavily re-modelled in 1841 when the altar was removed, and was restored as a chapel in 1994–95.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The church is built in sandstone rubble with a stone slate roof. Its plan consists of a west tower, a nave and chancel under a continuous roof with a clerestory, north and south aisles, a south porch and a south chapel. The tower has diagonal buttresses and an embattled parapet. The west window of the south aisle dates from around 1300.[1] This window includes a fragment of medieval stained glass.[4] Internally, the aisle pews date from the 18th century but the nave pews, the screens, the pulpit, and the communion rails are from the late 19th century. In the chapel is an aumbry without a door and a squint. There are numerous memorial wall tablets. Discovered during the restoration and built into the vestry wall is a piece of Norman chevron ornament, part of a crucifix, and part of a grave slab.[1] The stained glass in the east window was designed by Henry Holiday.[5] The organ was built in 1891 by J. W. Walker of London.[8] There is a ring of six bells which were recast in 1754 from three bells made in the 15th century by Rudhall of Gloucester.[4]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a sandstone sundial dating probably from the 18th century with a brass plate and gnomon which is listed Grade II.[9] Also listed Grade II are the Hodgson tomb chest dating from the early 18th century,[10] and part of the churchyard wall, the steps leading to the gate and the gate piers.[11] In the southwest corner of the churchyard is the war grave of a World War II airman.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e English Heritage. "Church of St Wilfrid, Melling-with-Wrayton (1165114)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  2. ^ East Lonsdale, Diocese of Blackburn, retrieved 1 May 2008 
  3. ^ Melling, St Wilfrid, Church of England, retrieved 27 October 2009 
  4. ^ a b c d Lancashire Churches: Melling, St Wilfrid, Tony Boughen, retrieved 30 April 2008 
  5. ^ a b Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 451–452, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  6. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  7. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 239, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  8. ^ Mellor St. Wilfrid, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 17 August 2008 
  9. ^ English Heritage. "Sundial south of Church of St Wilfrid, Melling-with-Wrayton (1071672)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  10. ^ English Heritage. "Hodgson Tomb approx. 7 metres east of Church of St Wilfrid, Melling-with-Wrayton (1362541)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "Churchyard wall bordering Main Street, with steps and north and south end, and gate piers at south end, Melling-with-Wrayton (1362560)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  12. ^ MELLING (ST. WILFRID) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 16 February 2013