The Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (State Gallery) is an art museum in Stuttgart, Germany, it opened in 1843. In 1984, the opening of the Neue Staatsgalerie (New State Gallery) designed by James Stirling transformed the once provincial gallery into one of Europe's leading museums.
Originally, the classicist building of the Alte Staatsgalerie was also the home of the Royal Art School. Built in 1843, it was extended by two further wings during 1881-1887. After being totally destroyed in World War II, it was rebuilt in 1945-1947 and reopened in 1948.
It houses the following collections:
- Old German paintings 1300-1550
- Italian paintings 1300-1800
- Dutch paintings 1500-1700
- German paintings of the baroque period
- Art from 1800-1900 (romanticism, impressionism)
- Annibale Carracci's Corpse of Christ (1583–1585)
- Max Beckmann's Journey on the Fish
- Salvador Dalí's The Raised Instant (1938)
- George Grosz's The Funeral (1918)
- Franz Marc's The Small Yellow Horses (1912)
- Henri Matisse's With the Toilet (La Hair-style) (1907)
- Joan Miró's The Bird with the Calm View, the Wings in Flames (1952)
- Piet Mondrian's Composition in White, Red and Blue (1936)
- Pablo Picasso's Tumblers (Mother and Son) (1905), Laufende Frauen am Strand (1922), The Breakfast in the Free One (1961)
- Works by: Paul Klee, Marc Chagall, Wassily Kandinsky
The Neue Staatsgalerie, a controversial architectural design by James Stirling, opened on March 9, 1984 on a site right next to the old building. It houses a collection of 20th-century modern art — from Pablo Picasso to Oskar Schlemmer, Joan Miró and Joseph Beuys. The building layout bears resemblance to Schinkel's Altes Museum, with a series of connected galleries around three sides of a central rotunda. However, the front of the museum is not as symmetrical as the Altes Museum and the traditional configuration is slanted with the entrance set at an angle.
- Sudjic, D. (1986). Norman Foster, Richard Rogers,James Stirling: New Directions in British Architecture . London: Thames and Hudson. p. 10
- Giebelhausen, M. (2006). "Museum Architecture: A Brief History" in A Companion to Museum Studies, Macdonald. S (ed). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, pp. 234-235.