Stad (peninsula)

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Map showing the location of Stad
Map of Selje municipality and Stadlandet
Location Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
Coordinates 62°07′42″N 05°13′17″E / 62.12833°N 5.22139°E / 62.12833; 5.22139Coordinates: 62°07′42″N 05°13′17″E / 62.12833°N 5.22139°E / 62.12833; 5.22139
Offshore water bodies Vanylvsfjorden, Sildagapet

Stad or Stadlandet is a peninsula in Selje Municipality in the northwestern part of Sogn og Fjordane county in Norway. The peninsula is considered the dividing point between the Norwegian Sea to the north and the North Sea to the south. The name is sometimes also written as Stadt, Statt, or Stadlandet–not to be confused with the similar German word Stadt. The d in Stad is pronounced in Norwegian as a t. Some of the larger villages on the peninsula include Ervik (northwestern tip), Borgundvåg and Leikanger (northeastern side), and the village of Selje (southwestern side).

The peninsula is a 500-metre (1,600 ft) high mountain plateau topped by the 645-metre (2,116 ft) tall Tarvaldsegga peak. There are several lower valleys on the peninsula, but at the western end, the plateau plunges into the sea in a 497-metre (1,631 ft) tall cliff at Kjerringa.[1]

The Stad peninsula has a very harsh, windy climate. The highest wind speed in the country is often recorded at this promontory. Located between the cities of Bergen (in Hordaland county to the south) and Ålesund (in Møre og Romsdal county to the north), this is the only peninsula on the mainland of Norway that goes out into open sea. Most of the rest of the ship route from Bergen to Ålesund is protected by islands. The Svinøy Lighthouse is located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of the peninsula on a small island in the Norwegian Sea.

Because of the harsh climate, the peninsula can be an obstacle for ship transport along the coast of Norway. It is one of the main obstacles preventing a fast-boat passenger route from Bergen to Ålesund. Current transportation from Bergen-Ålesund is by air via Oslo, by car (7–8 hours), by bus (9 hours) or by the Hurtigruten coastal ferry (13 hours).

As far back as the 1870s there were plans for the construction of a ship tunnel. A pilot project was developed in 1985, and the development company founded the same year. Plans are currently well underway to build the Stad Ship Tunnel at the narrowest point connecting the Moldefjorden to the Kjødspollen (the innermost part of the Vanylvsfjorden) with capacity to take large ships such as the Hurtigruten vessels.[2][3]

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