Stadio Olimpico di Torino
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|Full name||Stadio Olimpico|
|Former names||Stadio Mussolini
|Built||September 1932-May 1933|
|Opened||14 May 1933
10 February 2006
|Owner||City of Turin|
|Field dimensions||105 m x 68 m|
|Torino (1958–1990, 2006–present)
Juventus (1933–1990, 2006–2011)
2006 Winter Olympics
Stadio Olimpico di Torino (originally Stadio Municipale Benito Mussolini and formerly Stadio Comunale Vittorio Pozzo) is a stadium located in the Santa Rita district in the south of Turin, Italy that is the home of Serie A club Torino. It was the site of the opening and closing ceremonies of the XX Winter Olympics, held on 10 and 26 February 2006, and the opening ceremonies of the IX Winter Paralympics, held on 10 and 19 March 2006. After the Olympics, the stadium was converted to a football ground for the home games of the city's football teams, Torino and Juventus.
The original project: Stadio Municipale Benito Mussolini 
Originally named after Benito Mussolini, the stadium was built at the direction of Il Duce himself, in order to host the Games of the year Littoriali XI, held in 1933 and the World Student Games in the same year.
The Municipal Administration, to shorten the construction time, announced a contest, then divided the work among three companies: the stadium (stands, bleachers and local affairs) was entrusted to Company Saverio Parisi Rome (designed by the architect. Fagnoni and Eng. Bianchini and Ortensi), the athletic field, the Tower of Marathon and the ticket to 'Ing. Vannacci and Lucherini (project architect. Del Giudice, Professor. Colonnetti and the engineer. Vannacci), and the indoor pool to Company AN. Construction Companies Ing E. Faletti (project architect. Bonicelli and Ing. Villanova). L 'Ing. Guido De Bernardi undertook the preparation of fields and slopes.
Work began in September 1932. The stadium was inaugurated on 14 May 1933 by the Secretary of the Party, Achille Starace, at the beginning of Littoriali. The first match played in the new stadium was between Juventus and Hungary's Ujpest Dozsat (6–2), the return leg of the quarter-finals of the Central European Cup, on 29 June 1933.
Stadio Mussolini during the 1930s 
The original design stage consisted of a vast ring ellipsoid, whose major perimeter was about 640 metres. The base consisted of a bench of white granite, on which rested the socket in red plaster. The same materials were formed at 45° planes, that mark three strips of glass for lighting indoors, crowned by a white railing. Over this, large windows overlooked, restricted by concrete pillars that supported the terminal swing, projecting more than three metres, with an inclination of 45 degrees.
The approaches were practiced inside through openings 27, the main one of which led to the gallery, with cover from the weather. The parterre was partly covered by cantilevered terraces that adjective, and was slightly higher in the most distant from the field.
The playing field measures 70 x 105 metres, surrounded by an athletics track with six lanes, mass pits for the shot put and discus throw, the track for the long jump and the top corner. Initially, the curves of the athletics track were designed at three centers. After protests from the national executive Massimo Cartasegna (who had participated as an athlete in the 1908 Olympics), they were redesigned to a single centre. The end result, however, was that the track had an abnormal length of 446.38 metres.
The postwar municipal stadium 
After the Stadium's inauguration, it hosted several matches of the 1934 FIFA World Cup, which was held in Italy. In the 1934–35 season, the Stadio Olimpico di Torino began to host matches for the League Cup. From the late fifties, it hosted the home games of both Turin teams in the Italian championship, until 1989–1990, when the stadium was abandoned for the Stadio delle Alpi, built for World Cup Italy 1990.
Between 1935 and 1986, Juventus were Italian champions 16 times, including five-in-a-row between 1931–1935, won 7 Italian Cups, several international titles, and one UEFA Cup (1976). For their part, between 1935 and 1976 Torino were 6 time Italian champions themselves (also with five in-a-row in the 1940s), and won 4 Italian Cups in the stadium.
From 1938 until the late 1950s, the stadium also housed the headquarters of the provisional Automobile Museum (opened in 1939).
At Stadio Comunale's 11 May 1947 we played a race of the Italian national football team still in the annals of sport for seeing the field in blue as many players from the same team: in Italy—Hungary, Finished 3–2 (with two goals and one of Gabetto Loik), as many as 10 players out of 11 belonged to the "Grande Torino" and the only feelings belonged to the IV port Juventus – And everyone, therefore, practice at home.
In 1959 and 1970, it served as the main stadium of the Universiade and in 1980 entitled "Vittorio Pozzo", in homage to the coach twice World Champion with Italian national in 1934 and 1938.
After the construction of Stadio delle Alpi, the Communal Stadium was used less and less up to be intended only to accommodate the Juventus coach (until 2003) And, since 2004 those of Turin.
The reconstruction for the 2006 Winter Olympics 
Following the agreements with the City, which entrusted the Stadio delle Alpi to Juventus, it was assigned to Municipal Stadium Torino, for reconstruction and to be operational in time to host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Winter Olympics. However, due to the non-registration of the company grenade Championship (sanctioned definitively 9 August 2005), the City of Turin is the owner of the stadium and returned to complete the reconstructure.
The renovation project, consisting of two architects Verona Architect John Work Arteco and has maintained the existing structures, subject to the constraint of the Superintendency of Environmental and Architectural Heritage, and added new structures to withstand the vertical coverage of the entire plant, and a third ring of tiers, structurally continuous and cooperative coverage, with the corresponding part of the previous cover part 44 host closed boxes. Approximately one third of the lining of the roof is translucent plastic, so as to avoid as much as possible that the shadow cast by itself can damage the turf due to less sunlight. The total capacity is 27,168 seats, all covered and seated, lower than the original (originally the facility could accommodate 65,000 people standing) to meet modern safety standards.
For ceremonies, expansion was made to 35,000 seats by temporary structures, plus construction of massive construction scenes for technical preparation of the Olympic flame.
Many interior changes were made: the new main building on the ground floor of a commercial area of 1,163 square meters; in the north-west, also restored and relocated were the center of sports medicine, all services and offices. Outside was built a new Olympic Park and a new Olympic Sports Hall, designed by Arata Isozaki of Japan.
The renovation of the stadium cost 30 million euros. The new Olympic Stadium was officially presented 29 November 2005, in a ceremony attended by representatives of local, government, the International Olympic Committee and TOROC.
As the main stadium of the 2006 Winter Olympics 
In 2006, the stadium returned to hosting football matches of the two city teams, Torino and Juventus. In 2011, Juventus moved to its new stadium called Juventus Stadium on the site of Stadio Delle Alpi. At the end of the ground-share, Torino can decide to purchase the facility and could rename it "Stadium Grande Torino", said Mario Pescante on the occasion of the inauguration of the renovated stadium.
Despite having physically eliminated the athletics track (in its place is a carpet of synthetic grass), the distance between the stands and the pitch has not changed. This caused disappointment among fans, who would have preferred to have the stands closer to the field, as in England. However, during the restructuring a new parterre was built, bringing the crowd closer to the front rows. 80 seats are reserved for disabled spectators in wheelchairs, including 64 located in two tribunes raised in the parterre of the first ring of separate stations, 12 in the grandstand and 4 in the boxes.
The Olympic Stadium was the first stadium in Italy to fully comply with the dictates of the "Pisanu Law" on stadium security. More than 80 surveillance cameras allow the police to locate and identify perpetrators of violence. The glass enclosure that separates the field from the spectators area, is mobile. It is 2.2 meters high, but during games that do not raise risk of public policy may be lowered to 1.1 meters. Furthermore, the use of technology was high: heating coils were placed below the field for use during cold temperatures and, in case of rain, an automatic system can cover the ground.
During its first two years of use, from 2006 to 2008, two separate security zones separated the opposing fans; the actual capacity was limited to 25,500 seats. During the summer of 2008 there were held extensive renovations, in view of the return of Juventus to the Champions League. 1,350 new seats were installed, in four rows behind the first row of the gallery, creating a new ring on the area where the old track. To promote visibility of spectators in these new rows, barriers have been lowered to 1.10 meters, compared to the previous 2.20 meters. Finally, 650 seats were recovered with the downsizing of guest areas. The capacity thus became approximately 27,500 seats.
During the summer of 2009, more work was performed. The parapet separation was lowered to 1.10 meters in all sectors and 444 new seats were added in the parterre, bringing the total stadium capacity to 27,994 seats. Moreover, in the summer of 2012, have been eliminated also the barriers that divided the Curva Maratona with Maratona Laterale (formerly the guest's sector in the home match's of Juventus in the same season moved to the new Juventus Stadium), allowing a further increase in capacity from 27,994 places in 2009, to 28,140 today.
Areas of the stadium during football games of Torino 
Curva Maratona (Curva Nord) 
This section of the stadium is traditionally occupied by the nuclei of the most heated organized supporters of Torino during home games. This name has been attributed to the presence, since the time of the Municipal Stadium, in the area behind the curve itself, of a high tower, actually called "Marathon Tower", which opened near the entrance reserved for athletes participating in various athletic contests.
Spring Curve (South bend) 
Since reopening the facility after the Winter Olympics in 2006, South Bend is renamed (when Torino play) Spring Curve in honor of the youth teams.
Distinti Est 
The Distinguished East (the east area of the stadium when Torino plays) of the Olympic Stadium in Turin has been the meeting place of families within the facility. On the left side is a separate sector, reserved for fans of visiting teams.
Distinti Ovest 
The Distinguished West was the most expensive stand of the Olympic Stadium. This second level is reserved exclusively for journalists, commentators and prominent figures.
Formerly named Stadio Comunale 
- Bob Marley & The Wailers - 28 June 1980
- Peter Tosh - 19 July 1980
- Dire Straits - 1 July 1981
- Frank Zappa - 2 July 1982
- The Rolling Stones - 11–12 July 1982
- AC/DC - 7 September 1984
- David Bowie - 9 June 1987
- Madonna - 4 September 1987, with Level 42
- Vasco Rossi - 10 September 1987 and 13–14 June 1989
- Sting - 3 May 1988
- Michael Jackson - 29 May 1988 (for 60,000 people)
- Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band - 11 June 1988
- Pink Floyd - 6 July 1988
- Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert - 8 September 1988 (The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman, Yossou N'Dour and Claudio Baglioni)
- Tina Turner - 5 May 1990
Stadio delle Alpi 
- 1990-2006 – Stadio Delle Alpi Concerts
Stadio Olimpico 
- 2006 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 103–4. (English) & (Italian)
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