Stafford LeRoy Irwin

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Stafford LeRoy Irwin
Stafford LeRoy Irwin.jpg
Major General Stafford LeRoy Irwin in 1946
Nickname(s) "Red"
Born (1893-03-23)March 23, 1893
Ft. Monroe, Virginia
Died November 23, 1955(1955-11-23) (aged 62)
Asheville, North Carolina
Allegiance United StatesUnited States of America
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1915–1952
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards
Relations

Stafford LeRoy Irwin (March 23, 1893 – November 23, 1955) was a lieutenant general of the United States Army. He came from the family with long military tradition. He was the son of Army Major General of the Artillery, George LeRoy Irwin and his grandfather was a Brigadier General of the United States Army Medical Corps, Bernard J. D. Irwin, who was recipient of the Medal of Honor.

Education and First Assignment[edit]

Irwin was born on March 23, 1893 at Fort Monroe, Virginia as a son of army Major General George LeRoy Irwin and his wife Marla Elizabeth. First, he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He graduated in June 1915 as a part of "the class the stars fell on" (Many of his classmates became a general officers during the World War II, including Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar N. Bradley, Henry Aurand, James Van Fleet and many others).

He was also commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant in the Cavalry Branch of the Army on the June 12, 1915. Irwin subsequently served with the cavalry under command of General John Pershing during Pancho Villa Expedition as a member of the 11th Cavalry in 1916 and the following year, he was transferred to the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, where he attended an artillery training and then was promoted to a gunnery instructor.

Peacetime[edit]

Between World War I and World War II, Stafford Irwin held a variety of positions. He was a professor of Military Science and Tactics, Yale University, from 1919 to 1920. He served as an instructor to the Oklahoma National Guard from 1920 to 1924. He spent the period of 1929 to 1933 as an instructor at the Field Artillery School. Irwin was assigned to the Organized Reserves from 1933 to 1936.

World War II[edit]

Stafford Irwin was the commander of artillery for the 9th Infantry Division in North Africa. He was noted for performing well during the Battle of Kasserine Pass. Following the North Africa Campaign he was given command of the 5th Infantry Division during Patton's drive across Europe.

General Stafford would finish the war as the commander of the XII Corps and serve in that position until September 1945.

Postwar and retirement[edit]

After the war, Irwin returned to the United States and became commander of V Corps in 1946 and director of the Military Intelligence Division in 1948. He finished his military career as the commander of U.S. Army forces in Austria from 1950 to 1952. He retired in 1952 due to medical problems.

Lt. Gen. Irwin died in 1955 of a coronary occlusion in Asheville, North Carolina.

Military education[edit]

In addition to attending West Point, Irwin attended the Field Artillery School in 1926, Command and General Staff School 1926-1927, and the Army War College in 1937.

Personal life[edit]

Irwin was married in 1921 to Helen (Hall) Irwin and together they had one son, Francis LeRoy. After Helen died in 1937, Irwin remarried in 1941 to Clare (Moran) Irwin. His second marriage also produced a son.

Decorations[edit]

Lieutenant General Irwin´s ribbon bar:

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal
2nd Row Silver Star Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster Army Commendation Medal
3rd Row Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal
4th Row European African Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with eight service stars World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal National Defense Service Medal
5th Row Commander of the Order of the British Empire Officer of the Legion of Honour French Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 with Palm Officer of the Belgian Order of Leopold II
5th Row Belgian Croix de Guerre 1940-1945 with Palm Luxembourg War Cross Military Order of the White Lion Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945

References[edit]

  • BIGGEST WEST POINT CLASS JOINS ARMY New York Times, June 13, 1915

External links[edit]