Stafford Township, New Jersey

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Stafford Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Stafford
Map of Stafford Township in Ocean County. Inset; Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Stafford Township in Ocean County. Inset; Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Stafford Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Stafford Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°42′20″N 74°15′51″W / 39.705632°N 74.264121°W / 39.705632; -74.264121Coordinates: 39°42′20″N 74°15′51″W / 39.705632°N 74.264121°W / 39.705632; -74.264121[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Ocean
Royal charter March 3, 1750
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Small Municipality)
 • Mayor John Spodofora (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator James A. Moran[4]
 • Clerk Bernadette Park[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 54.882 sq mi (142.142 km2)
 • Land 45.849 sq mi (118.747 km2)
 • Water 9.033 sq mi (23.395 km2)  16.46%
Area rank 30th of 566 in state
6th of 33 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 26,535
 • Estimate (2012[12]) 26,945
 • Rank 91st of 566 in state
8th of 33 in county[13]
 • Density 578.8/sq mi (223.5/km2)
 • Density rank 432nd of 566 in state
25th of 33 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08050 - Manahawkin[14]
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3402970320[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882069[17][2]
Website http://twp.stafford.nj.us

Stafford Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population increased to 26,535,[8][9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 4,003 (+17.8%) from the 22,532 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,207 (+69.1%) from the 13,325 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] The 2010 population was the highest level ever recorded in a decennial census for Stafford Township.

Stafford Township was formed by Royal charter on March 3, 1750, from portions of Shrewsbury Township, while the area was still part of Monmouth County. It was incorporated as one of New Jersey's first 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, and became part of the newly formed Ocean County on February 15, 1850. Portions of the township were taken to form Union Township (March 10, 1846, now Barnegat Township), Eagleswood Township (March 17, 1874), Long Beach City borough (September 19, 1894, now Surf City) and Long Beach Township (March 23, 1899).[19]

Stafford Township is the gateway to the resort communities on Long Beach Island, with Route 72 providing the sole road access, ending in Ship Bottom as it crosses Barnegat Bay via the Manahawkin Bay Bridge (formally known as the Dorland J. Henderson Memorial Bridge). The Garden State Parkway and U.S. Route 9 pass through the township and provide access to Route 72.

History[edit]

Stafford Township was mostly a rural area, aside from the bustling downtown of Manahawkin. Early growth in the township started in the 1950s, starting with the construction of large resort communities of Beach Haven West and Ocean Acres, which were built around the same time as the completion of the Garden State Parkway and the expansion of Route 72, the latter which formerly ran along the two-lane Bay Avenue.

While growing quickly, development was still sparse. Route 72 was still mostly wooded, aside from several car dealerships, gas stations, a drive-in movie theater, and the Manahawkin Executive Airport. Most of the growth started in the 1980s, when several new developments were constructed, such as Colony Lakes and the expansion of Beach Haven West, and Ocean Acres, which strayed from being a community of summer homes into a booming development of Single-family homes. Stafford Square was the first major shopping center to open on Route 72, anchored by ShopRite and a Caldor (which is currently a Lowe's). Manahawkin Airport was closed in the early 1990s to make way for a Walmart and PathMark.[20] However, part of the runway was still left intact until the 2000s, when the St. Mary's of the Pines Catholic Church and All Saints Regional Catholic School were built on the land.[21]

In the 2000s, many big box stores, such as Home Depot, BJ's Wholesale Club, Bed Bath & Beyond and the Manahawkin Commons Power Center opened. To alleviate the traffic on Route 72, a four-lane bypass road known as McKinley Avenue was built in 2001, backing up to the many shopping centers. In 2007, construction started on Stafford Park, a mixed-use development west of the Parkway Exit 63. The first phase opened in 2008 includes a Target, Costco, Best Buy, Dick's Sporting Goods, and PetSmart. The second phase included construction of LEED-certified apartments, and future plans in place for the development include a Lifestyle center and an age-restricted community.

Geography[edit]

Stafford Township is located at 39°42′20″N 74°15′51″W / 39.705632°N 74.264121°W / 39.705632; -74.264121 (39.705632,-74.264121). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 54.882 square miles (142.142 km2), of which, 45.849 square miles (118.747 km2) of it is land and 9.033 square miles (23.395 km2) of it (16.46%) is water.[1][2]

Beach Haven West (2010 Census population of 3,896[22]) and Manahawkin (2,303[23]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communitys contained within Stafford Township, while Ocean Acres (16,142[24]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated area split between Barnegat Township and Stafford Township.[25][26][27] Warren Grove is an unincorporated rural area located within the township as well as portions of Barnegat Township and Little Egg Harbor Township in the heart of the Pine Barrens.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 883
1810 1,239
1820 1,428 15.3%
1830 2,059 44.2%
1840 2,149 4.4%
1850 1,384 * −35.6%
1860 1,436 3.8%
1870 1,514 5.4%
1880 1,008 * −33.4%
1890 1,095 8.6%
1900 1,009 * −7.9%
1910 934 −7.4%
1920 830 −11.1%
1930 1,039 25.2%
1940 1,253 20.6%
1950 1,347 7.5%
1960 1,930 43.3%
1970 3,684 90.9%
1980 10,385 181.9%
1990 13,325 28.3%
2000 22,532 69.1%
2010 26,535 17.8%
Est. 2012 26,945 [12] 1.5%
Population sources:
1790-1920[28] 1850-2000[29]
1850-1870[30] 1850[31]
1870[32] 1880-1890[33]
1890-1910[34] 1910-1930[35]
1930-1990[36] 2000[37][38] 2010[8][9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,535 people, 10,096 households, and 7,249 families residing in the township. The population density was 578.8 per square mile (223.5 /km2). There were 13,604 housing units at an average density of 296.7 per square mile (114.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.51% (25,077) White, 1.05% (278) Black or African American, 0.16% (42) Native American, 1.48% (394) Asian, 0.03% (8) Pacific Islander, 1.68% (445) from other races, and 1.10% (291) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.31% (1,410) of the population.[9]

There were 10,096 households, of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.[9]

In the township, 22.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,646) and the median family income was $80,059 (+/- $4,290). Males had a median income of $60,398 (+/- $4,092) versus $43,138 (+/- $7,270) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,690 (+/- $1,364). About 2.9% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.[39]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 22,532 people, 8,535 households, and 6,435 families residing in the township. The population density was 484.3 people per square mile (187.0/km²). There were 11,522 housing units at an average density of 247.6 per square mile (95.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.79% White, 0.74% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.41% of the population.[37][38]

There were 8,535 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.01.[37][38]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the township was $52,269, and the median income for a family was $59,072. Males had a median income of $44,706 versus $30,687 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,397. About 2.3% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Stafford Township is governed by a Faulkner Act form of New Jersey municipal government under the Small Municipality plan by a Mayor and Six Township Council members. The Mayor and Council members are elected to three-year terms on a concurrent basis in partisan elections, with terms of all current elected officials ending on June 30, 2012. The Mayor can vote on all issues. This seven-member governing body is empowered to enact local ordinances, to levy municipal taxes and conduct the affairs of the community.[6][40]

As of 2012, the mayor of Stafford Township is John R. Spodofora (R, term ends December 31, 2012, along with those of all council members). Members of the Stafford Township Council are Council President Steven Fessler (R), Kathleen Corbett (D), Robert Kusznikow (R), Henry Mancini (R), Stanley Rutkowski (D) and Joanne Sitek (D).[41][42][43]

On the November 2012 general election, Mayor Spodofora won re-election with 7,387 votes, along with all six Republican candidates, Henry J. Mancini (6,807 votes), Lori Wyrsch (6,220), Wm. Stephen Fessler (6,181), Sharon McKenna (6,180), Paul Krier (6,061) and Robert Kusznikow (5,771), with Democratic incumbent Joanne Sitek falling short in seventh place with 3,367 votes.[44]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Stafford Township is split between the 2nd and 3rd Congressional Districts[45] and is part of New Jersey's 9th state legislative district.[10][46][47] Prior to the 2010 Census, all of Stafford Township had been part of the 3rd Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[48] As part of the redistricting that took effect in 2013, there were 7,409 residents of the township's coastal areas to the south and east that were placed in the 2nd; District, while 19,126 residents in the township's interior to the north and west were placed in the 3rd District.[45][49]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[50] New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[52][53] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[54][55]

For the 2014-15 Session, the 9th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher J. Connors (R, Lacey Township) and in the General Assembly by DiAnne Gove (R, Long Beach Township) and Brian E. Rumpf (R, Little Egg Harbor Township).[56] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[57] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[58]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[59] At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Ocean County's Freeholders (with department directorship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph H. Vicari (Public Works, Senior Services; R, Toms River, term ends December 31, 2014),[60] Freeholder Deputy Director John C. Bartlett, Jr. (Finance, Parks and Recreation; Pine Beach, 2015),[61] John P. Kelly (Law and Public Safety; Eagleswood Township, 2016),[62] James F. Lacey (Transportation; Brick Township, 2016)[63] and Gerry P. Little (Human Services; Surf City, 2015)[64][65][66] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2015, Barnegat Light),[67][68] Sheriff Michael Mastronardy (R, 2016; Toms River) and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2018, Beachwood).[69][70][71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 18,029 registered voters in Stratford Township, of which 3,451 (19.1%) were registered as Democrats, 4,944 (27.4%) were registered as Republicans and 9,630 (53.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[72] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 67.9% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 88.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[72][73]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.3% of the vote here (7,508 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.8% (5,351 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (150 votes), among the 13,113 ballots cast by the township's 18,430 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.2%.[74] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 60.4% of the vote here (7,396 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 38.6% (4,722 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (90 votes), among the 12,239 ballots cast by the township's 16,776 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.0.[75]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.9% of the vote here (5,746 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 28.3% (2,511 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.9% (431 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (102 votes), among the 8,859 ballots cast by the township's 18,174 registered voters, yielding a 48.7% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

For grades K through 6, public school students attend the Stafford Township School District, which serves students in Pre-Kindergarten through 6th grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are Oxycocus School (85 students in Pre-K), Ronald L. Meinders Primary Learning Center (295; kindergarten), Ocean Acres School (601; 1-2), McKinley Avenue School (646; 3-4) and Stafford Intermediate School (722; 5-6).

For grades 7 through 12, public school students attend the Southern Regional School District, which serves the five municipalities in the Long Beach Island Consolidated School DistrictBarnegat Light, Harvey Cedars, Long Beach Township, Ship Bottom and Surf City — along with students from Beach Haven, Ocean Township and Stafford Township who attend as part of sending/receiving relationships.[78][79] (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[80]) are Southern Regional Middle School (grades 7 and 8; 1,008 students) and Southern Regional High School (grades 9 – 12; 2,023 students). Both schools are in Manahawkin.

Also seated in Manahawkin is the Marine Academy of Technology and Environmental Science, a comprehensive and challenging career high school that is located on a hill on the outskirts of the Southern Regional School District. MATES is part of the Ocean County Vocational Technical School and serves students from all of Ocean County.[81]

Transportation[edit]

Stafford is served by a few major roads. CR 539 passes through in the western part. U.S. Route 9 passes north-south through the center of the township and Route 72 is the main artery that passes from the northwest to the southeast. The Garden State Parkway also passes through and intersects with Route 72 at Exit 63.

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to Atlantic City on the 559 bus route.[82]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Stafford Township include:

References[edit]

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  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration, Stafford Township. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  5. ^ Contact Information, Stafford Township. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 58.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Stafford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
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  78. ^ Southern Regional High School 2011 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 9, 2012. "Situated in Manahawkin, the Southern Regional School District draws from the constituent districts of Long Beach Township, Beach Haven, Surf City, Ship Bottom, Barnegat Light, Harvey Cedars and Stafford Township, as well as the tuition sending district of Ocean Township (Waretown)."
  79. ^ 2011 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, June 2012, p. 216.
  80. ^ Data for the Southern Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  81. ^ Marine Academy of Technology and Environmental Science - Background, Ocean County Vocational Technical School. Accessed January 2, 2013.
  82. ^ Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed January 2, 2013.
  83. ^ Goldstein, Steve. "ROGER 'DOC' CRAMER, 85, OUTFIELDER WHO PLAYED FOR ATHLETICS, RED SOX", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 10, 1990. Accessed July 29, 2007. "Roger Maxwell "Doc" Cramer, 85, who hit .296 during an illustrious 19- year career in baseball that began when Connie Mack signed him for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1929, died yesterday at his home in Manahawkin, N.J., after a seven-month battle with cancer."
  84. ^ Lulgjuraj, Susan. "Galloway's Rolle, Atlantic City's Corcoran ready to realize NFL dreams", The Press of Atlantic City, April 22, 2010. Accessed April 21, 2011. "Watching the draft with family can be tough. Three years ago, Southern Regional High School and Rutgers University standout tight end Clark Harris waited in his Stafford Township home for his name to be called. As the second day of the draft grew on (there were only two days in 2007), the atmosphere became more tense."
  85. ^ via Associated Press. "Family, friends plead for U.S. captive’s release: American, Saudi officials hunt for contractor; deadline is Friday", MSNBC, June 17, 2004. Accessed April 20, 2011. "Paul Johnson, 49, of Stafford Township, N.J., was abducted Saturday by a group calling itself al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula."
  86. ^ Kowalczyk, Frank. "The Shipwreck of the Powhatan", The Society Scroll newsletter of the Ocean County Historical Society, September 2007. Accessed January 12, 2008.
  87. ^ "Stafford Township native Truex Jr. looks for strong finish to NASCAR season", Press of Atlantic City, November 16, 2007. Accessed November 16, 2007. "Truex, a Stafford Township native, enters Sunday's race in 11th place in the standings."

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